Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!



noun. brother or sister, *sibling; †consanguinity

A word appearing as G. hest in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s for “brother or sister” [sibling], but “properly consanguinity, the relationship of brother and sister, or brother and brother, etc.” (GL/48); this original meaning seems to be archaic, transferred to G. hestri or G. gochestri. This word is derived from the early root ᴱ√heth (GL/48).

Neo-Sindarin: For purposes of Neo-Sindarin, I would retain the word ᴺS. hest as a derivative of the Neo-Root ᴺ√KHETH to serve as a gender-neutral term for “sibling”.


  • Eq. hesta “the nearest consanguinity”


  • ᴱ√HESE “brother or sister” ✧ GL/48

Element in

  • G. gochest “brother and brother, brother and sister, etc.” ✧ GL/40; GL/48
  • G. hestri “consanguinity” ✧ GL/48

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√heth¹ > hest[xeθt] > [heθt] > [hest]✧ GL/48
Gnomish [GL/40; GL/48] Group: Eldamo. Published by


noun. captain

Gnomish [GL/49; LT1A/Orc] Group: Eldamo. Published by