Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

tam

root. construct, [ᴹ√] knock, [ᴱ√] beat, smelt, forge

In The Etymologies, the word for “craftsman, smith” was ᴹQ. tano, N. *tân as in N. Cirdan “Shipbuilder”, both from the root ᴹ√TAN “make, fashion”. In later writings, Tolkien changed √TAN >> √TAM “construct” and the Quenya form tano >> tamo “smith” (PE17/107-108), possibly due to conflict with a new root √TAN “show, indicate”. That this change was lasting is supported by the appearance of the form Q. Martamo as a title of Aulë in a “very late note” (LT1A/Talka Marda), as opposed to the form ᴹQ. Martan(o) in The Etymologies (Ety/TAN).

However, √TAM would have produced S. tav, and Tolkien wanted to retain the name Círdan. On PE17/108, he indicated that √TAN became the usual Sindarin form of the root, owing to the influence of √PAN “arrange, set in order”. Thus, the Sindarin development would have been √TAM > ✶tan- > tân, lenited in S. Círdan and S. calardan “lampwright”, whose plural appears in The Lord of the Rings as part of S. Rath Celerdain* “Lampwrights’ Street”.

Primitive elvish [PE17/107; PE17/186] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tam

root. construct

In the Etymologies, the word for “craftsman, smith” was ᴹQ. tano, N. *tân as in N. Cirdan “Shipbuilder”, both from the root ᴹ√TAN “make, fashion”. In later writings, Tolkien changed √TAN >> √TAM “construct” and the Quenya form tano >> tamo “smith” (PE17/107-108), possibly due to conflict with a new root √TAN² “show, indicate”. That this change was lasting is supported by the appearance of the form Q. Martamo as a title of Aulë in a “very late note” (LT1A/Talka Marda), as opposed to the form ᴹQ. Martan(o) in the Etymologies (Ety/TAN).

However, √TAM would have produced S. *tav, and Tolkien wanted to retain the name Círdan. On PE17/108, he indicated that √TAN became the usual Sindarin form of the root, owing to the influence of √PAN “arrange, set in order”. Thus, the Sindarin development would have been √TAM > ✶tan- > tân, lenited in S. Círdan and S. calardan “lampwright”, whose plural appears in The Lord of the Rings as part of S. Rath Celerdain “Lampwrights’ Street”.

Primitive elvish [PE17/107.4010; PE17/186.3201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tam

root. knock
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

tan¹

root. construct, make with tools, *[ᴹ√] make, *fashion

Apparently replaced in later writings by √TAM (see discussion in that entry), though it likely survived as the Sindarin (and Telerin?) form of the root.

Primitive elvish [PE17/069; PE17/096; PE17/107; PE17/108; PE17/186] Group: Eldamo. Published by

urun

root. copper
Primitive elvish [PM/366] Group: Eldamo. Published by