Quenya 

quenya

noun. Elvish, High-elven, Elf-latin, †speech, Elvish, High-elven, Elf-latin, †speech; [ᴹQ.] belonging to the Qendi, Quendian

Variations

  • quenyā ✧ PE17/137
  • Quendya ✧ PE17/138
  • kwenya ✧ PE19/093
  • quenya ✧ PE19/093; PM/399

Derivations

  • kwenyā “Elvish” ✧ PE17/137; PE17/138; WJ/360; WJ/393
    • KWENED “spoken, articulate, spoken, articulate; [ᴹ√] Elf” ✧ PE19/093
    • KWEN “speak with rational words” ✧ PE19/093
      • KWE “vocal speech” ✧ WJ/392
    • KWEN “speak with rational words” ✧ WJ/360
    • KWE “vocal speech” ✧ WJ/392
  • KWEN “speak with rational words” ✧ PE19/093; SA/quen
    • KWE “vocal speech” ✧ WJ/392

Cognates

  • Van. Quendya “Quendian language” ✧ WJ/361; WJ/373; WJI/Quenya

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
kwenyā > quenyā[kwenjā] > [kwenja]✧ PE17/137
kwend(i)ja > Quendya[kwendja] > [kwenja]✧ PE17/138
KWEN > quenya[kwenja]✧ PE19/093
quen- > Quenya[kwenja]✧ SA/quen
kwendjā > Quendya > Quenya[kwendja] > [kwenja]✧ WJ/360
kwendjā > Quenya[kwendja] > [kwenja]✧ WJ/393
Quenya [LBI/Quenya; Let/176; LotR/1127; LotRI/Quenya; LT2I/Quenya; MRI/Quenya; PE17/137; PE17/138; PE18/072; PE19/093; PM/030; PM/399; PMI/Quenya; SA/quen; SDI1/Quenya; SDI2/Quenya; SI/Eldarin; SI/High-elven; SI/Quenya; SMI/Quenya; TII/Quenya; UTI/Quenya; WJ/361; WJ/373; WJ/374; WJ/393; WJ/407; WJI/Quenya; WRI/Quenya] Group: Eldamo. Published by

quenya

speech

quenya noun (original adj.) "speech" (PM:399); the language-name Quenya is said to mean properly "language, speech" (WJ:393); cf. the phrase coirëa quenya "living speech" (PM:399).However, Quenya (archaic Quendya, still so in Vanyarin) is also interpreted "Elvish" (Letters:176), sc. the adjective corresponding to Quendi (WJ:374), but it was no longer used as a general adjective. Quenya lambë"Quenya tongue" (WJ:407). The command queta Quenya! "speak Quenya!" was used in the sense of "speak precisely and intelligibly, put into actual words" (instead of using hand signs or looks); the word Quenya is here used adverbially (PE17:138). The variant queta quenyā (PE17:137) appears to use the distinct accusative (formed by lengthening a final vowel) known from "Book Quenya".

quenya

noun. †elf-language

†elf-language

Quenya [PE 18:74] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

Quendya

quendya

Quendya original form of the word Quenya, preserved in the Vanyarin dialect (Quenya is the Noldorin form) (WJ:361, 371)

quendya

noun. Elvish

quet-

say, speak

quet- vb. "say, speak" (SA:quen-/quet-, LT2:348), sg. aorist quetë in VT41:11 and VT49:19 (spelt "qete" in the latter source), not to be confused with the infinitival aorist stem in the example polin quetë "I can speak" (VT41:6); pl. aorist quetir in VT49:10-11, present tense quéta in VT41:13, pa.t. quentë in PM:401, 404, apparent gerund quetië in VT49:28 (by Tolkien translated as "words", but more literally evidently *"speaking"). Imperative in the command queta Quenya! "speak Quenya!" (PE17:138), see Quenya regarding the meaning of this phrase. The same verb is translated "tell" in the sentence órenya quetë nin "my heart tells me" (VT41:15). Cf. also #maquet-

-ya

elvish

-ya (5) adjectival ending, as in the word Quenya "Elvish" itself; when added to a verbal stem it may derive a kind of short active participle, as in melumatya "honey-eating" (mat- "eat"), saucarya "evil-doing" (car- "do"). (PE17:68)

indyo

grandchild, descendant

indyo noun "grandchild, descendant" (ÑGYŌ/ÑGYON - read *inyo in Noldorin Quenya, which dialect changed ndy to ny? Cf. Quenya for Quendya.) In the pre-classical Tengwar system presupposed in the Etymologies, indyo was also the name of tengwa #17 with overposed dots to indicate following y (VT46:4), the whole symbol having the value ndy.

pahta

noun. speech

Variations

  • pahta ✧ PE17/126

Derivations

  • PAKAT “*talk, speech” ✧ PE17/126

Cognates

  • S. paeth “speech” ✧ PE17/126

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
PAKAT > pahta[paktā] > [paxtā] > [paxta]✧ PE17/126

pahta

speech

pahta (2) noun "speech", i.e. language (PE17:126); accompanied by the intransitive verb pakta- "speak, talk", which would be *pahta- in Quenya, of which the transitive equivalent is quet-, q.v. The intransitive verb "speak" is also given as carpa-, q.v.

Sindarin 

edhellen

adjective. elvish

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
Edhel“Elf”
-ren“adjective suffix”
Sindarin [LotR/0307; PE17/045] Group: Eldamo. Published by

edhellen

adjective. Elvish

_ adj. _Elvish. annon edhellen edro hi ammen! 'Elvish gate open now for us'. >> edhel

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:45] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhellen

adjective. elvish, of the Elves

Sindarin [LotR/II:IV, RS/463] edhel+-ren. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ped-

say

_ v. _say. Q. quĕt-. >> pedo

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:40] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

glam

noun. barbarous speech, shouting, confused noise

Sindarin [Ety/358, Ety/377, WJ/390, WJ/416] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glam

noun. din, uproar, the confused yelling and bellowing of beasts

Sindarin [Ety/358, Ety/377, WJ/390, WJ/416] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glam

noun. any body of Orcs

Sindarin [Ety/358, Ety/377, WJ/390, WJ/416] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glamb

noun. barbarous speech, shouting, confused noise

Sindarin [Ety/358, Ety/377, WJ/390, WJ/416] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glamb

noun. din, uproar, the confused yelling and bellowing of beasts

Sindarin [Ety/358, Ety/377, WJ/390, WJ/416] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glamb

noun. any body of Orcs

Sindarin [Ety/358, Ety/377, WJ/390, WJ/416] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glamm

noun. barbarous speech, shouting, confused noise

Sindarin [Ety/358, Ety/377, WJ/390, WJ/416] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glamm

noun. din, uproar, the confused yelling and bellowing of beasts

Sindarin [Ety/358, Ety/377, WJ/390, WJ/416] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glamm

noun. any body of Orcs

Sindarin [Ety/358, Ety/377, WJ/390, WJ/416] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

paeth

noun. speech

Derivations

  • PAKAT “*talk, speech” ✧ PE17/126

Cognates

  • Q. pahta “speech” ✧ PE17/126

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
PAKAT > paeth[paktā] > [pakta] > [paktʰa] > [paxθa] > [paiθa] > [paiθ] > [paeθ]✧ PE17/126
Sindarin [PE17/126] Group: Eldamo. Published by

paeth

noun. speech

probably related to Q. pahta 'speech'. >> Golodhbaeth

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:126] Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhellen

elvish

edhellen (of language apparently = ”Sindarin”), pl. edhellin

ped

say

ped- (i **bêd**, i phedir) (speak), pa.t. pent (attested in mutated form -phent); the imperative pedo is also attested.

Telerin 

goldolambë

noun. Quenya

Variations

  • Goldolambe ✧ WJ/375

Elements

WordGloss
Goldo“Noldo”
lambë“language”
Telerin [WJ/375; WJI/Goldo] Group: Eldamo. Published by

goldórin

noun. Quenya

Variations

  • Goldōrin ✧ WJ/375
  • Goldorin ✧ WJI/Goldo

Elements

WordGloss
Goldo“Noldo”
-rin“-ian, racial-adjective, language”
Telerin [WJ/375; WJI/Goldo] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pendia

noun. Quenya

Cognates

  • Van. Quendya “Quendian language” ✧ WJ/375

Primitive elvish

kwenyā

adjective. Elvish

Variations

  • kwe-nyā ✧ PE17/137
  • Kwendya ✧ PE17/137 (Kwendya)
  • kwend(i)ja ✧ PE17/138
  • kwendya ✧ PE19/093 (kwendya)
  • kwenedyā ✧ PE19/093
  • kwendjā ✧ WJ/360; WJ/393

Changes

  • Kwendyakwenyā ✧ PE17/137

Derivatives

  • Q. Quenderin “Quendian, of the Quendi, belonging to the Elves as a whole” ✧ PE19/093
  • Q. Quenya “Elvish, High-elven, Elf-latin, †speech, Elvish, High-elven, Elf-latin, †speech; [ᴹQ.] belonging to the Qendi, Quendian” ✧ PE17/137; PE17/138; WJ/360; WJ/393
  • Van. Quendya “Quendian language” ✧ WJ/360

Derivations

  • KWENED “spoken, articulate, spoken, articulate; [ᴹ√] Elf” ✧ PE19/093
    • KWEN “speak with rational words” ✧ PE19/093
    • KWE “vocal speech” ✧ WJ/392
  • KWEN “speak with rational words” ✧ WJ/360
    • KWE “vocal speech” ✧ WJ/392

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Kwendyaplural“Language of the Elves”✧ PE17/138
Primitive elvish [PE17/137; PE17/138; PE19/093; WJ/360; WJ/393] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

glamb

noun. barbarous speech, shouting, confused noise

Noldorin [Ety/358, Ety/377, WJ/390, WJ/416] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glamb

noun. din, uproar, the confused yelling and bellowing of beasts

Noldorin [Ety/358, Ety/377, WJ/390, WJ/416] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glamb

noun. any body of Orcs

Noldorin [Ety/358, Ety/377, WJ/390, WJ/416] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glamm

noun. barbarous speech, shouting, confused noise

Noldorin [Ety/358, Ety/377, WJ/390, WJ/416] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glamm

noun. din, uproar, the confused yelling and bellowing of beasts

Noldorin [Ety/358, Ety/377, WJ/390, WJ/416] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glamm

noun. any body of Orcs

Noldorin [Ety/358, Ety/377, WJ/390, WJ/416] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive adûnaic

bith

root. say

A root glossed “say” (SD/416), from which bêth “expression, saying, word” is most likely derived. It may be related to the Primitive Elvish root √KWET; see the entry on bêth for further discussion.

Derivatives

  • Ad. bêth “expression, saying, word”
  • Ad. bith- “to say”

Derivations

  • KWET “say, speak, utter words”
    • KWE “vocal speech” ✧ WJ/392
Primitive adûnaic [SD/416] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

qenya

noun. Elvish (Tongue), Elfspeech, Elf-latin; belonging to the Qendi, Quendian

Variations

  • Qendya ✧ LR/185; LRI/Qenya; PE18/025 (Qendya)
  • Quenya ✧ LR/193; LRI/Qenya; PE19/046; RSI/Qenya
  • quenja ✧ PE19/046 (Lin. quenja)
  • qendya ✧ PE22/066 (qendya)

Derivations

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶kwendya > Quenya[kwendja] > [kwenja]✧ PE19/046
ᴹ✶kwendya > quenja[kwendja] > [kwenja]✧ PE19/046

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
qenyavapossessive-✧ PE22/014
Qenya [LR/172; LR/185; LR/193; LRI/Qenya; PE18/023; PE18/025; PE19/046; PE22/014; PE22/066; RSI/Qenya; TII/Quenya] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qendya

noun. Elvish

Middle Primitive Elvish

kwet

root. say

Variations

  • PET ✧ Ety/KWET

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶kwentā “tale” ✧ Ety/KWET
    • ᴹQ. qenta “tale, story, account, history” ✧ Ety/KWET
    • N. pent “tale, story” ✧ Ety/KWET
  • ᴹ✶kwentrō “narrator, reciter, minstrel” ✧ Ety/KWET; PE18/050; PE19/040
    • Ilk. cwindor “narrator” ✧ Ety/KWET
    • ᴹQ. qenso “minstrel” ✧ PE19/040
    • ᴹQ. qentaro “narrator, reciter, minstrel” ✧ Ety/KWET; PE18/050; PE19/040
    • N. pethron “narrator, reciter, minstrel” ✧ Ety/KWET
    • On. pentro “reciter, minstrel” ✧ PE18/050
    • N. pethron “narrator, reciter, minstrel” ✧ PE18/050
    • ᴹT. pentro “reciter, minstrel” ✧ PE18/050
  • ᴹ✶kwetta “word” ✧ Ety/KWET
    • N. peth “word” ✧ Ety/KWET
  • ᴹQ. qetil “tongue, language, talk” ✧ Ety/KWET
  • ᴹQ. qet- “to say”
  • N. pennas “history” ✧ Ety/KWET

Element in

  • ᴹQ. lúmeqenta “history, chronological account” ✧ Ety/LU
  • ᴹQ. avaqet- “to refuse, forbid” ✧ Ety/KWET
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KWET; Ety/LU; PE18/050; PE19/040] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

qenya

noun. Elvish

Cognates

Elements

WordGloss
Qen“Elf”
Early Quenya [GL/28; LT1I/Qenya; LT2I/Qenya; SMI/Qenya] Group: Eldamo. Published by