Sindarin

Turgon

name. Ruling Lord, Victory Prince, (lit.) Master Shout

Second son of Fingolfin and the lord of Gondolin (S/60). His name seems to be a combination of tûr “mastery, victory” (SA/tur) and the suffix -gon (PM/345). His name was variously translated “Master Shout” (PM/345), “Ruling Lord” or “Victory Prince” (PE17/113).
Conceptual Development: In the earliest Lost Tales, his name was already G. Turgon (LT1/115), and it remained so throughout Tolkien’s writings. At the earliest stage it seems to have been derived from the root ᴱ√TURU “be strong”, as suggested by Christopher Tolkien (LT1A/Tuor). In Early Noldorin word lists from the 1920s, the name was glossed “fierce k[ing]”, but this entry was replaced with an unglossed form marked “ON”. In the Etymologies from the 1930s, Tolkien specified that the final element of N. Turgon was -gon, the suffixal form of caun¹ “valour” (Ety/KAN).
In later writings, Tolkien considered several origins for this name, based on a variety of Quenya equivalents. In his “Words, Phrases and Passages from The Lord of the Rings” from the 1950s-60s, he considered and rejected Q. Turondo “Lord of Stone” (PE17/112), briefly considered Q. Turucáno “Ruling Lord” (PE17/117) and also Q. Turukondo “Victory Prince” (PE17/113).
In his “Shibboleth of Fëanor” from 1968, Tolkien said his Quenya name was Turucáno (PM/345), untranslated but likely meaning something like “Victory Commander”. Tolkien said that his Sindarin name Turgon was a phonetic adaptation with no real meaning, but that it could be interpreted as “Master Shout” (PM/345). This seems to have been Tolkien’s last word on the subject, but it is possible that the final element could also be interpretted as a suffixal form -gon of caun¹ “prince”; see those entries for discussion.

[LotRI/Turgon.001, MRI/Turgon.001, PE17/113.1302, PE17/113.1501, PE17/113.1903, PE17/117.3901, PM/345.1007, PM/352.1513, PMI/Turgon.001, SA/káno.016, SA/tur.006, SI/Turgon.001, UT/400.2203, UTI/Turgon.001, WJI/Turgon.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Quenya

Turucáno

name. Ruling Lord, (lit.) *Victory Commander

The Quenya name of Turgon from which his Sindarin name is derived, a compound of turu- “master, have victory over” and cáno “commander” (PM/345), glossed in one place as “Ruling Lord” (PE17/113).
Conceptual Development: The Qenya name for Turgon appeared in the earliest Lost Tales as ᴱQ. Turondo (LT1/115). According to Christopher Tolkien, the initial element of the name at this stage was probably from ᴱ√TURU “be strong”, but the meaning of the second element was unclear (LT1A/Turgon). It might have been ᴱQ. ondo as indicated by its later translation “Lord of Stone” (see below). In these and later stories, the character was usually referred to by the name Turgon, and the Quenya name vanished for many decades.
In the 1950s, J.R.R. Tolkien revisited the question of Turgon’s Quenya name after he decided that Quenya was the native language of the Noldor (PE17/112-3). He first considered and rejected the earlier name Q. Turondo, now glossed “Lord of Stone”. He replaced this with Turucāno “Ruling Lord”, changing that in turn to Q. Turukondo “Victory Prince”. At this stage, this name was his “title”, while his given name was Sarafinwë.
In a later essay from 1968 (PM/345), Turukáno reappeared as the Quenya name of Turgon, now also his given name, effectively replacing both Turukondo and Sarafinwë.

[PE17/117.3902, PM/345.0110, PMI/Turgon.005] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

Turukāno

name. Ruling Lord

[PE17/113.1301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.