Quenya 


very deep

Utumno (stem *Utumnu*-), place-name, the first great stronghold of Melkor in the North (SA:tum, TUB). The etymology apparently has something to do with "very deep" or "very hidden"; the phrase "Utumno the Deep-hidden" in MR:67 may include a rough translation of the name. This later source derives the name from a root meaning "cover over, hide", whereas in Etym it was derived from the root TUB having to do with low-lying things. Whether the primitive form is ¤Utubnu as in Etym (TUB) or ¤Utupnu as in MR:69, the stem-form would be Utumnu**-.


place name. Deep-hidden

The first underground stronghold of Morgoth (S/36), translated as “Deep-hidden” and derived from the ancient form ✶Utupnu (MR/69). As pointed out by Helge Fauskanger (QQ/Utumno), this primitive form implies that its stem form is *Utumnu-.

Conceptual Development: In the earliest Lost Tales, this name appeared as ᴱQ. Utumna (LT1/69), probably an elaboration of ᴱQ. tumna “dark or hidden” from the root ᴱ√TUM(B)U (LTA1/Utumna, QL/95). In Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, it changed to ᴹQ. Utumno (LR/238), and this name also appeared in The Etymologies as a derivative of the root ᴹ√TUB from the ancient form ᴹ✶Utubnu (Ety/TUB). In Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s, Tolkien revised its derivation to the one given above (MR/69).

In The Silmarillion appendix (SA/tum), Christopher Tolkien connected this name to tumbo “deep valley”, but this is more consistent with the 1930s derivation from The Etymologies (ᴹ✶Utubnu < ᴹ√TUBdeep”) than the later derivation from the 1950s (✶Utupnu < √TUP “cover over”). @@@ 1950s development reflects older phonetic-rule pn > bn rathern an pn > pt*.

Quenya [MR/069; MRI/Udûn; MRI/Utumno; SA/tum; SI/Utumno; WJI/Utumno] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin 

* Udûn


(stronghold of Melkor) Udûn

Nandorin 

* Utum

noun. Utumno

Melkor's first stronghold. The primitive form is given as Utubnu, derived from a stem TUB (LR:394), not defined as such but yielding a series of words that suggest a basic meaning "deep, lowlying". The prefixing of the stem-vowel is a common feature in strengthened primitive forms; the ending -nu seems to be used nowhere else, but Utubnu is clearly to be understood as "very low [place]". The original cluster bn comes out as m in Nandorin; cf. Quenya Utumno. The development is evidently meant to be _Utubnu > Utumnu > *Utumn > Utum_.

Nandorin [H. Fauskanger (LR:394)] < TUB. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 


place name. Utumno
Qenya [Ety/TUB; LR/238; LRI/Utumno; LT1I/Utumna; PE22/127; SDI2/Utumno; SM/240; SMI/Utumna] Group: Eldamo. Published by