The father-name of Celegorm, a compound of turca “strong” and the name of his grandfather Finwë (PM/352).
strong, powerful (in body) finwë
masculine name. strong, powerful (in body)
Word Gloss turca “strong, powerful (in body)” Finwë
- Turkafinwë ✧ PM/352; PMI/Celegorm
- Turko ✧ PM/352; PMI/Celegorm
adjective. strong, powerful (in body)
An adjective for “strong, powerful (in body)” appearing as the initial element in the name Turkafinwë, father name of Celegorm (PM/352). ᴱQ. turka also appeared in Early Qenya Word-lists of the 1920s as a variant of ᴱQ. tulka “strong”.
- √TURUK “*strong”
- Q. Turcafinwë “strong, powerful (in body)” ✧ PM/352
- Turka ✧ PM/352 (Turka)
#turco (1) noun "chief" (isolated from Turcomund "chief bull", Letters:423). Turco, masc. name, see Turcafinwë.
Ingwë masc. name, "chief", name of the "prince of Elves" _(PM:340, ING, WEG, VT45:18). Pl. Ingwer "Chieftains", what the Vanyar called themselves (so in PM:340, but in PM:332 the plural has the more regular form Ingwi). Ingwë Ingweron "chief of the chieftains", proper title of Ingwë as high king (PM:340)_. In the Etymologies, Ingwë is also said to be the name of a symbol used in writing: a short carrier with an i-tehta above it, denoting short i (VT45:18).
masculine name. Chief
Lord of the first tribe of the Elves and the high king of Elvenkind (S/52, 62). His name is ancient and its original meaning is unclear, but it is sometimes translated as “Chief”, and is interpreted as a combination of the root √ING “first, foremost” and the suffix -wë common in ancient names (PM/340).
Conceptual Development: In the earliest Lost Tales, this character was first named ᴱQ. Ing, but this was soon changed to ᴱQ. Inwe (LT1/22). The form become ᴹQ. Ingwe in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (SM/13, LR/214), and the derivation for Ingwë discussed above had already emerged in The Etymologies (Ety/ING, WEG).
- Q. Ingwë Ingweron “Chief of the Chieftains” ✧ PM/340
- Q. Ingwemar “*Ingwë Home”
- Q. Ingwi “People of Ingwë, Chieftains”
- Q. Ingwion “Son of Ingwë”
Word Gloss ING “highest, top, highest, top; [ᴹ√] first, foremost” -wë “ancient name suffix (usually but not always masculine)”
- √TUR “dominate, master, conquer; power [over others], mastery (legitimate or illegitimate), control (of other wills); strong, mighty in power, dominate, master, conquer; power [over others], mastery (legitimate or illegitimate), control (of other wills); strong, mighty in power; [ᴹ√] victory; [ᴱ√] am strong”
- S. Turcomund “Chief of Bulls” ✧ Let/423
- Turco ✧ Let/423 (Turco)
héra adj. "chief, principal" (KHER)
Tyelcormo ("k") masc. name "hasty-riser", the amilessë or mother-name (never used in narrative) of Turcafinwë = Celegorm (PM:353)
masculine name. Hasty-riser
The mother-name of Celegorm, from which his Sindarin name is partially derived (PM/353). It is a compound of tyelca “hasty” and ormo “riser”.
Conceptual Development: In earlier notes, Tolkien gave his Quenya name as Celec-ormë (PE17/112).
- north S. Celegorm “Hasty-riser” ✧ PM/352; PMI/Celegorm
Word Gloss tyelca “hasty, hasty; [ᴹQ.] agile, swift” ormo “riser”
- Tyelkormo ✧ PM/353; PMI/Celegorm
poldorë noun? (not glossed, derived from polda "strong, burly": possibly "strength" as an abstract) (POL/POLOD)
Turcafinwë masc. name, "strong, powerful (in body) Finwë", masc. name; he was called Celegorm in Sindarin. Short Quenya name Turco. (PM:352), compare #turco "chief" (q.v.)