Primitive elvish


root. *highest, top, *highest, top; [ᴹ√] first, foremost

This primitive element appeared in The Shibboleth of Fëanor written in 1968 in connection to the name Q. Ingwë. The earliest basis for this name seems to be the root ᴱ√INI “small” from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, from which the name ᴱQ. inwe “one of the royal house of the Eldar” was derived (QL/42); this Inwe was also the earliest form of the name of Ingwe. This name was given a new derivation in The Etymologies of the 1930s from the root ᴹ√ING “first, foremost”, along with the adjective ᴹQ. inga “first” (Ety/ING). The primitive element ing- reappeared in The Shibboleth of Fëanor, again as the basis for Q. Ingwë, which in this document was glossed “Chief” (PM/340). The word Q. inga also reappeared, but with a new gloss “top, highest point”, so the meaning of the root may have shifted from “foremost” to “✱highest”.

Thus the conceptual development seems to be 1910s ᴱ√INI “tiny” >> 1930s ᴹ√ING “foremost” >> 1960s √ING “✱highest”.


  • Q. inga “top, highest point, top, highest point, [ᴹQ.] first” ✧ PM/340
  • Q. ingor “summit of a mountain” ✧ PM/340

Element in

  • Q. Ingwë “Chief” ✧ PM/340


  • ing- ✧ PM/340
Primitive elvish [PM/340] Group: Eldamo. Published by


ordinal. first


  • S. main “prime, chief, pre-eminent” ✧ VT42/25
Primitive elvish [VT42/25] Group: Eldamo. Published by


prefix. intensive prefix


  • AMA “addition, increase, plus”


  • Q. amba “more” ✧ PE17/090
  • Q. an- “intensive prefix” ✧ PE17/090; PE17/092


  • am ✧ PE17/090; PE17/092; PE17/092
  • an- ✧ PE17/092
  • ✧ PE17/092
Primitive elvish [PE17/090; PE17/092] Group: Eldamo. Published by