Quenya 

tenna

noun. thought

thought, notion, idea

Quenya [PE 19:97] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

enne

noun. thought, purpose

Quenya [PE 22:51n] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

sanwe

noun. thinking, thought

Quenya [PE 22:158] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

tenna

noun. thought, notion, idea

Variations

  • tenna ✧ PE19/097

Derivations

  • TEÑ “indicate, signify, show, represent, betoken, mark, to point at, indicate, signify, show, represent, betoken, mark, to point at; [ᴱ√] know, understand” ✧ PE19/097

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
TEÑ > tenna[teŋna] > [tenna]✧ PE19/097

sanwë

noun. thought, an act of thinking

Variations

  • sanwe ✧ PE17/183; PE22/158; VT39/23; VT39/30; VT41/05; VT41/13

Derivations

  • sam-wē “an act of thinking, a thought” ✧ PE17/183; VT41/05
    • SAM “mind, think, reflect, be aware” ✧ PE17/183; VT41/05
  • SAN “think, use mind; (trans.) ponder, consider in thought” ✧ PE22/158

Element in

  • Q. ósanwë “communication of thought, interchange of thought; (lit.) thinking together (dual)” ✧ PE17/183; PE22/158; VT41/05
  • Q. sanwecenda “thought-inspection, thought-reading” ✧ PE17/183; VT41/05
  • Q. sanwë-latya “thought-opening” ✧ VT39/23
  • ᴺQ. sanwelunga “serious, (lit.) thought-heavy”
  • Q. sanwementa “thought-sending, mental message” ✧ PE17/183; VT41/05
  • Q. yosanwë “(pl.) congruence” ✧ PE22/158

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
sam-wē > sanwe[samwē] > [sanwē] > [sanwe]✧ PE17/183
SAN > sanwe[sanwe]✧ PE22/158
sam-wē > sanwe[samwē] > [sanwē] > [sanwe]✧ VT41/05
Quenya [PE17/183; PE22/158; VT39/23; VT39/30; VT41/05; VT41/13] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sanwë

thought, an act of thinking

sanwë noun "thought, an act of thinking" (VT39:23, 30; VT41:5, 13, PE17:183)

tengwa

noun. sign

sign, indicator, letter

Quenya [PE 19:97] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

tengwë

noun. sign, token, indication; writing, sign, token, indication; writing; [ᴱQ.] knowledge, understanding; idea, notion, thought

Variations

  • tengwe ✧ PE19/086 (tengwe); VT39/04; VT39/05; VT39/07; WJ/394; WJ/396
  • teñgwe ✧ PE21/82; VT39/16; VT39/17

Derivations

  • tekmē “writing, grammar” ✧ PE19/086
    • TEK “make a written mark, sign, write, make a written mark, sign, write, [ᴹ√] write or draw (signs or letters)” ✧ PE19/086
  • teñwe “sign, token, indication” ✧ VT39/04; VT39/17; WJ/394
    • TEÑ “indicate, signify, show, represent, betoken, mark, to point at, indicate, signify, show, represent, betoken, mark, to point at; [ᴱ√] know, understand” ✧ VT39/04; VT39/15; WJ/394

Element in

  • ᴺQ. calatengwë “photograph, (lit.) light-writing”
  • Q. lambetengwë “consonant” ✧ VT39/16
  • Q. náva-tengwë “consonant” ✧ VT39/08
  • Q. óma-tengwë “vowel-sign” ✧ VT39/08; VT39/16
  • ᴺQ. tengwelanga “transcription”
  • Q. tengwelë “language (general term), language (general term); [ᴱQ.] sense” ✧ VT39/16
  • Q. tengwesta “grammar, morphology, system or code of signs, collection of matter concerning writing, *language structure” ✧ PE21/82; VT39/16; WJ/394

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
tekmē > tengwe[tekmē] > [tegmē] > [teŋmē] > [teŋgwē] > [teŋgwe]✧ PE19/086
teñgwe > tengwe[teŋwe] > [teŋgwe]✧ VT39/04
teñ-we > teñgwe[teŋwe] > [teŋgwe]✧ VT39/17
tenwe > tengwe[teŋwe] > [teŋgwe]✧ WJ/394

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
tengwiplural“signs”✧ VT39/04; VT39/05; VT39/08; WJ/394; WJ/395
teñgwiplural-✧ VT39/16; VT39/16
Quenya [PE19/086; PE21/82; VT39/04; VT39/05; VT39/07; VT39/08; VT39/16; VT39/17; WJ/394; WJ/395; WJ/396] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ista

knowledge

ista (1) noun "knowledge" (IS). Also istya.

istare

noun. knowledge

Quenya [PE 22:110] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

istya

knowledge

istya noun "knowledge" (IS). Also ista (#1).

noa

conception

noa (1) noun "conception" (= idea) (NOWO)

conception

(1) (stem nów- as in pl. nówi) noun "conception" (= idea) (NOWO). In an earlier version, later deleted, represented earlier ñó (ngó), glossed "idea, thought" (VT46:6).

narwë

sign, token

[narwë (and short nar, unless this is an incomplete form) noun "sign, token"] (VT45:37)

tanna

sign, token

tanna (1) noun "sign, token" (MR:385, PE17:186), also tanwa (PE17:186)

tanwa

sign, token

tanwa noun "sign, token" (Tolkien marked this word with a query, but it is not clearly rejected). Also tanna (#1). (PE17:186)

issë

knowledge, lore

issë noun "knowledge, lore" (LT2:339; rather ista or istya in Tolkien's later Quenya)

taina

sign

#taina (2) noun "sign", isolated from Tainacolli *"Sign-bearer" MR:385

Nolmë

knowledge, philosophy (including science)

Nolmë ("ñ")noun "knowledge, Philosophy (including Science)" (PM:360 cf. 344)

handë

knowledge, understanding, intelligence

handë noun "knowledge, understanding, intelligence" (KHAN). Note: *handë is (probably) also the past tense of the verb har- "sit".

síma

mind, imagination

síma noun "mind, imagination" (VT49:16); variant isima. Also attested with endings: símaryassen "in their imaginations" (with the ending -rya used = "their" rather than "his/her", according to colloquial useage) (VT49:16)

inca

idea

inca ("k")noun "idea" (VT45:18, where the word is cited with a final hyphen, though its gloss would indicate that it is a noun not a verb. Originally, the triple glosses "idea, notion, guess" were provided.)

sanar

mind

sanar noun "mind" (literally "thinker" or "reflector", suggesting an underlying verb #sana- "to think, to reflect") (VT41:13)

sáma

mind

sáma noun "mind" (pl. sámar and dual samat [sic, read *sámat?] are given) (VT39:23, VT41:5, VT49:33, PE17:183)

sáma

noun. mind

Variations

  • sāma ✧ PE17/183; VT41/05

Derivations

  • SAM “mind, think, reflect, be aware” ✧ PE17/183; VT41/05

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
SAM > sāma[sāma]✧ PE17/183
sam > sāma[sāma]✧ VT41/05

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
samatdual-✧ PE17/183; VT41/05
sámarplural“minds”✧ VT39/23
Quenya [PE17/183; VT39/23; VT39/30; VT41/05] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin 

gûl

noun. knowledge

n. knowledge, deep knowledge not 'occult' in modern sense, but applied to the deper knowledge of the 'wise' or skilled persons, not kept secret (as [?among the] Elves) but not attainable by all. Q. ñōle, B.S. gûl phantom, shadow of dark magic, necromancer, slave, servant?. The B.S. word gûl was prob. derived from ngōl-.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:79] < _ngōl_-. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

taen

noun. sign

Sindarin [Taengyl, Tengyl MR/385] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

inc

idea

1) inc (guess, notion), no distinct pl. form (though the pl. article in will mark the word as pl. when definite); coll. pl. ingath; 2) naw (pl. noe). In ”Noldorin”, the pl. form was nui. Coll. pl. ?nawath or ?noath.

ind

mind

ind (inner thought, meaning, heart), no distinct pl. form;, coll. pl. innath.

nauth

thought

nauth (pl. noeth, coll. pl. nothath);

sanath

85#3D noun. thinking, thought

A theoretical noun arising from OS *sanattʰe (< SAN). Cp. girith, meleth, etc.

ist

knowledge

ist (lore); no distinct pl. form.

tann

sign

1) (etymologically ”something shown/indicated”) tann (i dann), construct tan, pl. tain (i thain) (MR:185); 2) têw (i dêw, o thêw, construct tew) (letter, tengwa), pl. tîw (i **thîw), coll. pl. téwath**;

Primitive elvish

inis

root. inmost heart, thought, mind

Noldorin 

nauth

noun. thought

Noldorin [Ety/378, VT/46:6] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

nauth

noun. thought

Variations

  • nauth- ✧ EtyAC/NOWO

Derivations

  • ᴹ√NOW “think, form idea, imagine” ✧ Ety/NOWO

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√NOWO > nauth[nowtʰe] > [noutʰe] > [noutʰe] > [nouθe] > [nauθe] > [nauθ]✧ Ety/NOWO
Noldorin [Ety/NOWO; EtyAC/NOWO] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ûn

noun. idea, thought

Variations

  • ûn ✧ EtyAC/ÑŌ¹ (ûn)

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶ñōn- “idea, thought” ✧ EtyAC/ÑŌ¹
    • ᴹ√NOW “think, form idea, imagine” ✧ EtyAC/ÑŌ¹

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. “conception, idea, thought” ✧ EtyAC/ÑŌ¹

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶ñōn- > ûn[ŋōne] > [ōne] > [ūne] > [ūn]✧ EtyAC/ÑŌ¹
Noldorin [EtyAC/ÑŌ¹] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ind

noun. inner thought, meaning, heart

Noldorin [Ety/361, X/ND1] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

inn

noun. inner thought, meaning, heart

Noldorin [Ety/361, X/ND1] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ista-

verb. to have knowledge

Noldorin [Ety/361, VT/45:18] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gammas

noun. s-sign (special sign used to mark a final -s in Tengwar)

Noldorin [VT/45:14] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

naw

noun. idea

Derivations

  • ᴹ√NOW “think, form idea, imagine” ✧ Ety/NOWO

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. “conception, idea, thought” ✧ Ety/NOWO

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√NOWO > naw[nou] > [nou] > [nau]✧ Ety/NOWO

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
nuiplural-✧ Ety/NOWO
Noldorin [Ety/NOWO] Group: Eldamo. Published by

naw

noun. idea

Noldorin [Ety/378, X/Z] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

enne

noun. thought, purpose

Variations

  • ’anne ✧ PE22/051 (’anne)
  • ’enne ✧ PE22/051

Changes

  • ’anne’enne “thought, purpose” ✧ PE22/051

noun. conception, idea, thought

Variations

  • noa ✧ Ety/NOWO; EtyAC/NOWO (noa)
  • ✧ Ety/NOWO
  • ñō/nō ✧ EtyAC/ÑŌ¹ (ñō/nō)

Changes

  • noa “idea, conception” ✧ Ety/NOWO

Derivations

  • ᴹ√NOW “think, form idea, imagine” ✧ Ety/NOWO; EtyAC/ÑŌ¹

Cognates

  • N. naw “idea” ✧ Ety/NOWO
  • N. ûn “idea, thought” ✧ EtyAC/ÑŌ¹

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
nówiplural-✧ Ety/NOWO
Qenya [Ety/NOWO; EtyAC/ÑŌ¹; EtyAC/NOWO] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ista

noun. knowledge

istare

noun. knowledge

Elements

WordGloss
ista-“to know”
-(á)re“general action verbal suffix”

istya

noun. knowledge

Variations

  • ista ✧ Ety/IS

Derivations

  • ᴹ√IS “*know” ✧ Ety/IS

Cognates

  • N. ist “lore, knowledge, lore, knowledge; [G.] feeling, sensation; notion” ✧ Ety/IS

Element in

  • ᴹQ. anaristya “[unglossed]”
  • ᴹQ. Istimor “The Wise” ✧ Ety/IS
  • ᴺQ. istyalóra “ignorant”
  • ᴹQ. istyar “scholar, learned man, lore-master, wizard” ✧ Ety/IS

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√IS > ista[ista]✧ Ety/IS
ᴹ√IS > istya[istja]✧ Ety/IS

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
istı̯ǝstem“knowledge”✧ PE21/12
†istenominative-✧ PE21/13
istinnominative-✧ PE21/13
isteaccusative-✧ PE21/13
†istyaaccusative-✧ PE21/13
istirdative-✧ PE21/13
†istyendative-✧ PE21/13
istyogenitive-✧ PE21/13
†[miu]innominative-✧ PE21/13
istiliplural-✧ PE21/13; PE21/13
istíneninstrumental plural-✧ PE21/13
Qenya [Ety/IS; PE21/12; PE21/13; PE22/020] Group: Eldamo. Published by

inka

noun. idea

Variations

  • inka- ✧ EtyAC/INK; EtyAC/INK (inka-)

Changes

  • inka-inka- “idea, notion, guess” ✧ EtyAC/INK

Derivations

  • ᴹ√INIK “*idea” ✧ Ety/INK

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√INK > inka-[iŋka]✧ Ety/INK

Middle Primitive Elvish

ñōn-

noun. idea, thought

Derivatives

  • N. ûn “idea, thought” ✧ EtyAC/ÑŌ¹

Derivations

  • ᴹ√NOW “think, form idea, imagine” ✧ EtyAC/ÑŌ¹
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/ÑŌ¹] Group: Eldamo. Published by

id

root. *desire, ?thought

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶īdē “heart, desire, wish” ✧ Ety/ID
    • ᴹQ. íre “desire, longing” ✧ Ety/ID
  • ᴹ✶indo “mood, heart” ✧ Ety/ID
    • ᴹQ. indo “heart, mood” ✧ Ety/ID
  • ᴹ✶idrē “thoughtfulness” ✧ Ety/ID
    • N. idher “thoughtfulness” ✧ Ety/ID
  • N. idhren “pondering, wise, thoughtful” ✧ Ety/ID
  • N. ind “inner thought, meaning, heart” ✧ Ety/ID

Element in

  • ᴹ✶indo “mood, heart” ✧ Ety/TUR
  • N. Gondolin “Heart of Hidden Rock” ✧ Ety/DUL
  • N. Húrin ✧ Ety/KHOR
  • N. Idril ✧ Ety/ID
  • N. Inglor “*Heart of Gold” ✧ Ety/LÁWAR
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/DUL; Ety/ID; Ety/KHOR; Ety/LÁWAR; Ety/TUR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ndar

root. sign

A rejected root in The Etymologies of the 1930s with a single derivative: ᴹQ. narwe “sign, token”, along with an unglossed (and probably incomplete) form nar... (EtyAC/NDAR).

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. narwe “sign, token” ✧ EtyAC/NDAR
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/NDAR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

cuno

noun. care, thought, ‘pains’

Element in

  • G. cunghol “painstaking” ✧ GL/27

ôm

noun. mind, heart, thought

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AHA “know”

Cognates

  • Eq. áma “mind, heart, thought” ✧ GL/62

Element in

Early Noldorin

nuin

noun. mind, thought

Variations

  • nuin ✧ PE13/140; PE13/151

Element in

  • En. bronnuin “steadfastness” ✧ PE13/140
  • En. nuimrond “steadfastness” ✧ PE13/140
Early Noldorin [PE13/140; PE13/151] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

áma

noun. mind, heart, thought

Variations

  • āma ✧ GL/62

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AHA “know”

Cognates

  • G. ôm “mind, heart, thought” ✧ GL/62
Early Quenya [GL/62] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tengwe

noun. knowledge, understanding; idea, notion, thought

Variations

  • tingwe ✧ PE16/145

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TEŊE “know, understand” ✧ QL/091

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√TEŊE > tengwe[teŋwē] > [teŋwe] > [teŋgwe]✧ QL/091
Early Quenya [PE16/145; PME/091; QL/070; QL/091] Group: Eldamo. Published by