Quenya 

sánë

pine

sánë (þ) noun "pine" (PE17:81), stem sáni- (? the primitive form is given as ¤thānĭ, which would normally give Quenya sánë/sáni-, but the Quenya noun is also cited as sáne- as if e persists before an ending).

sánë

noun. pine

Changes

  • sāne-th-/sāne- ✧ PE17/081

Cognates

  • S. thôn “pine-tree” ✧ PE17/081

Derivations

  • thŏno “pine” ✧ PE17/081

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
thānĭ- > th-/sāne-[tʰāni] > [tʰāne] > [θāne] > [sāne]✧ PE17/081

Variations

  • th-/sāne- ✧ PE17/081 (th-/sāne-)
  • sāne- ✧ PE17/081 (sāne-)

sono

noun. pine

Cognates

Derivations

Element in

Quenya Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

Sindarin 

thôn

noun. pine-tree

Sindarin [Ety/392, S/438, RC/384] Group: SINDICT. Published by

thôn

noun. pine

n.Bot. #pine. Presented as a noldorized S. form. >> thôn, thaun . This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:81] prob. < _thŏno-_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

thôn

noun. pine

n.Bot. #pine. Presented as a noldorized S. form. >> Dor I thoen, thôn. This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:81] < _thānĭ-_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

thôn

thôn

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:82] prob. < _stŏna_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

thôn

noun. pine-tree

Changes

  • thaunThôn “pine” ✧ PE17/081

Cognates

  • ᴺQ. sono “pine”
  • Q. sánë “pine” ✧ PE17/081

Derivations

  • thŏno “pine” ✧ PE17/081; PE17/081; PE17/082

Element in

  • S. Dor i Thuin ✧ PE17/081 (Dor i thoen); PE17/081
  • S. Dorthonion “Land of Pines” ✧ PE17/081; PE17/081; RC/384; SA/thôn
  • S. Orod-na-Thôn “Mount of the Pine Tree(s)” ✧ LotR/0469; PE17/082; RC/384
  • S. Thonador

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
thānĭ- > thaun[tʰāni] > [tʰāne] > [θāne] > [θǭne] > [θaune] > [θaun]✧ PE17/081
thānĭ- > thoen[tʰānī] > [tʰāni] > [θāni] > [θǭni] > [θoin] > [θoen]✧ PE17/081
thŏno > Thôn[θono] > [θon] > [θōn]✧ PE17/081
thŏno > thuin[θoni] > [θuni] > [θuin]✧ PE17/081

Variations

  • thaun ✧ PE17/081 (thaun)
  • Thôn ✧ PE17/081; RC/384
Sindarin [LotR/0469; PE17/081; PE17/082; RC/384; SA/thôn] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thaun

pine

pl1. thoen n.Bot. #pine. Presented as a noldorized S. form. >> Dor I thoen, thôn. This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:81] < _thānĭ-_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

thôn

pine-tree

thôn (pl. thŷn, coll. pl. ?thonath). In the linguistic scenario of the Etymologies, the ”Noldorin” word for ”pine-tree” was thaun pl. thuin, and thôn was rather ”Ilkorin”. However, when Tolkien revised his legendarium so that Sindarin replaced Ilkorin as the native Elven-tongue of Beleriand, names like Dorthonion ”Land of Pines” must be interpreted as containing a Sindarin word for pine. Adj. #thonion ”having pine trees” (isolated from the name Dorthonion), pl. thonyn

Primitive elvish

thŏno

noun. pine

Changes

  • thānĭ-thŏno “pine” ✧ PE17/081
  • stānathānĭ- ✧ PE17/081

Derivatives

  • ᴺQ. sono “pine”
  • Q. sánë “pine” ✧ PE17/081
  • S. thôn “pine-tree” ✧ PE17/081; PE17/081; PE17/082

Variations

  • thānĭ- ✧ PE17/081 (thānĭ-)
  • stāna ✧ PE17/081 (stāna)
  • stŏna ✧ PE17/082
Primitive elvish [PE17/081; PE17/082] Group: Eldamo. Published by

stona

noun. pine

Noldorin 

thaun

noun. pine-tree

Noldorin [Ety/392, S/438, RC/384] Group: SINDICT. Published by

thaun

noun. pine-tree

Derivations

  • Ilk. thôn “pine-tree” ✧ Ety/THŌN
    • ᴹ√THON “*pine” ✧ Ety/THŌN

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
Ilk. thōn > thaun[θōn] > [θǭn] > [θoun] > [θaun]✧ Ety/THŌN
Ilk. thōn > thuin[θǭni] > [θouni] > [θauni] > [θuin]✧ Ety/THŌN
Noldorin [Ety/THŌN; TI/420] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Doriathrin

thôn

noun. pine-tree

A noun for “pine-tree” derived from the root ᴹ√THON, also appearing in its genitive plural form thonion “of pines” (Ety/THŌN, EtyAC/THŌN). Helge Fauskanger suggested that it developed from primitive ✱✶thon- with a short ŏ because the [[ilk|[ō] did not become [ū] before the nasal]] (AL-Ilkorin/thôn), and only later did the short vowel lengthen in the monosyllable. I think that Mr. Fauskanger may have over-generalized this rule, however, since the other examples of [ō] becoming [ū] occur only before [m] and the change may not have applied to nasals in general. If this is the case, this word could have developed from primitive ✱✶thōn-. There is not enough evidence to say for certain either way.

Conceptual Development: In notes elsewhere this word was given the form Dor. than with genitive plural form thanion (LR/405), probably associated with the earlier name Dorthanion versus later Dorthonion (LR/145). It is also possible these are Doriathrin and Ilkorin variations of the same word.

Derivations

  • ᴹ√THON “*pine” ✧ Ety/THŌN

Derivatives

  • N. thaun “pine-tree” ✧ Ety/THŌN

Element in

  • Ilk. Dorthonion “Land of Pines” ✧ Ety/THŌN; LR/405

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√THON > thōn[tʰōn]✧ Ety/THŌN

Variations

  • thōn ✧ Ety/THŌN
  • than ✧ LR/405 (Dor. than)
Doriathrin [Ety/THŌN; EtyAC/THŌN; LR/405] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

aigos

noun. pine-tree

Changes

  • aigosaigos “cheshnut tree” ✧ GL/17
  • aigosaiguis ✧ PE13/108

Cognates

  • Eq. aiqaire “fir, pine (tree)” ✧ GL/17

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶aikasse > aigos[aikasse] > [aikass] > [aikas] > [aikos] > [aigos]✧ GL/17

Variations

  • aiguis ✧ PE13/108
Gnomish [GL/17; PE13/108] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aiguis

noun. pine-tree

Early Noldorin

aigos

noun. pine-tree

Cognates

  • Eq. aikor “pine-tree” ✧ PE13/158

Derivations

Early Noldorin [PE13/136; PE13/158] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

aikor

noun. pine-tree

Cognates

  • En. aigos “pine-tree” ✧ PE13/158

Derivations

Early Quenya [PE13/158] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aikasse

noun. pine-tree