Quenya 


masculine name. Abhorred, The Cruel

The Dark Lord of the Second and Third Ages, originally a Maia corrupted by Morgoth (LotR/51, S/32). In The Silmarillion, he was given the epithet “the Cruel” (S/32), and Christopher Tolkien translated his name as “Abhorred” (SI/Sauron). J.R.R. Tolkien said that this name was used in Sindarin, but was probably originally Quenya (PE17/183). Elsewhere Tolkien stated that this name was derived from primitive ✶Thaurond- containing the element ✶thaurā “detestable” (Let/380) and was associated with the adjective saura “cruel, foul, evil” of similar origin (PE17/68, 183-4).

Conceptual Development: According to Christoper Tolkien, the earliest precursor of this character was Tevildo “Prince of Cats” from the Lost Tales (LT2/54), but this early appearance was radically different from Sauron’s later role in the tales. This character first emerged in his later form as the shape-shifting lord of werewolves in The Lays of Beleriand from the 1920s, where he was initially named ᴱN. Thû (LB/16, 227-8).

In the early Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, he kept the name N. Thû (or N. Gorthû), but Tolkien also coined his Quenya name: first ᴹQ. Sûr (LR/15) and then ᴹQ. Sauron (LR/30). The name ᴹQ. Sauron appeared in The Etymologies from the 1930s as a derivative of the root ᴹ√THUS “*smell, stench”, the same root from which Thû was derived (Ety/THUS). At this stage, his name was associated with the adjective ᴹQ. saura “foul, evil-smelling, putrid”.

This association with foul smells persisted into Tolkien’s notes from the 1950s, where he initially derived Sauron from either √THOW or √SAW with senses similar to earlier ᴹ√THUS (PE17/68, PE17/183). He eventually decided that Q. saura was instead derived from √THAW meaning “cruel” (PE17/184), and this seems to have been the basis of later derivations.

Quenya [LBI/Sauron.001; Let/380.3303; LotRI/Sauron.001; LT1I/Sauron.001; LT2I/Sauron.001; MRI/Sauron.001; PE17/032.1702; PE17/068.2501; PE17/183.2811; PMI/Sauron.001; S/032.0106; SA/thaur.005; SI/Gorthaur.005; SI/Sauron.001; UTI/Sauron.001; WJI/Gorsodh.005; WJI/Gorthaur.005; WJI/Sauron.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by


the abhorred

Sauro (þ) (1), usually in longer form Sauron (þ), masc. name "the Abhorred", name of a Maia, the second Dark Lord (said to be the name by which he was "afterwards called", MR:147; according to PE17:183, his original name was Mairon, q.v.). Earlier Thauron (SA:thaur, THUS), archaic *Θaurond- (Letters:380, where the initial Greek letter represents th). The stem of Sauron* would then be Saurond-. Another form of the name is Súro**.



Thauron (þauron) masc. name, earlier form of Sauron, before the change th > s (SA:thaur, cf. Letters:380, which suggests a stem _θ_aurond-; the initial Greek letter represents th). See Sauro, Sauron.


foul, evil-smelling, putrid

saura (þ) adj. "foul, evil-smelling, putrid" (THUS), "foul, vile" (PE17:183). This adjective underlies the name Sauro, Sauron (q.v.) Alternatively explained to mean "cruel" (PE17:184); a deleted gloss defined the word as "bad, unhealthy, ill, wretched" (PE17:172). Tolkien did not consistently hold that the initial s represents older þ; sometimes he derived saura (and so implicitly Sauron) from stems with original s-.

Sindarin 


noun. used in Third Age Sindarin

_prop. n. _used in Third Age Sindarin. It could be a genuine S. formation from saur, but was prob. from Quenya. Tolkien seems to have rejected the root SAWA, noting: "No. THAW-, cruel. saura, cruel. Gorthaur-." saur

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:183-4] < SAWA disgusting, foul, vile. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by


masculine name. Sauron, Manwë?

Another name for Sauron appearing in Tolkien’s “Words, Phrases and Passages from The Lord of the Rings” from the 1950s-60s, a derivative of the root √ÞOWO (√THOW) “stink” (PE17/68, 99).

Conceptual Development: The name ᴱN. Thû was the earliest name of Sauron after the character transitioned into his later conception as the Lord of Werewolves, first appearing in the Lays of Beleriand from the 1920s (LB/16, 146). The name N. Thû appeared in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s and also in The Etymologies as a derivative of the root √THUS “stench” (LR/29, Ety/THUS) but it was gradually replaced by his Quenya name ᴹQ. Sauron (SM/120, LR/283). The notes mentioned above seems to be a late remnant of his earlier name; Thû did not appear in the Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s.

Elsewhere in “Words, Phrases and Passages from The Lord of the Rings” from the 1950s-60s, Tolkien considered using Thû as a name of Manwë from the root √THŪ “blow” (PE17/124), but this seems to have been a transient idea.

Sindarin [PE17/068.2507; PE17/068.2508; PE17/099.3206; PE17/124.4606] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* thaur


thaur (detestable, abhorrent, abominable), pl. thoer. Note: a homophone means ”fenced”.



masculine name. Sauron

The Adûnaic name (or title) for Sauron (SD/250). It simply the word zigûr “wizard” used as a name.

Adûnaic [SD/247.0402; SD/250.0606; SD/250.0607; SD/311.3202; SD/345.0308; SDI2/Sauron.007; SDI2/Zigûr.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 


masculine name. sauron


Qenya [Ety/THUS.030; LR/047.0102; SD/310.0602; SD/246.3502; SMI/Sauron.001; SM/120.0306; SDI2/Zigûr.002; SDI2/Sauron.001; SDI1/Sauron.001; SD/250.0605; RSI/Sauron.001; RS/215.0806; LRI/Sauron.001; LR/333.0413; LR/283.3602; LR/056.2902; LR/030.2306; LR/029.0703; LB/232.3301; TII/Sauron.001; WRI/Sauron.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by