saura (þ) adj. "foul, evil-smelling, putrid" (THUS), "foul, vile" (PE17:183). This adjective underlies the name Sauro, Sauron (q.v.) Alternatively explained to mean "cruel" (PE17:184); a deleted gloss defined the word as "bad, unhealthy, ill, wretched" (PE17:172). Tolkien did not consistently hold that the initial s represents older þ; sometimes he derived saura (and so implicitly Sauron) from stems with original s-.
adjective. cruel, evil, vile; stinking, foul; bad, unhealthy, ill, wretched, stinking, foul, [ᴹQ.] evil-smelling, putrid; [Q.] cruel, evil, vile; [Q.] bad, unhealthy, ill, wretched
- Saura ✧ PE17/184
- saura → Saura “foul, vile” ✧ PE17/184
Development Stages Sources √ÞAW > saura [tʰaura] > [θaura] > [saura] ✧ PE17/068 √SAWA > saura [saura] ✧ PE17/172 √SAWA > saura [saura] ✧ PE17/183 √THAW > Saura [tʰaura] > [θaura] > [saura] ✧ PE17/184
foul, evil-smelling, putrid
nwalca ("k")adj. "cruel" (ÑGWAL; this must represent earlier *ñwalca = *ngwalca; these forms are not given in Etym, but compare nwalmë_ below. In Tengwar writing, the initial NW would be represented by the letter nwalmë.)_