Quenya 

sulca

root

sulca ("k") noun "root" (especially as edible) (SÚLUK)

numbë

root, foundation

[numbë noun "root, foundation", also núvë (VT45:38)]

núvë

root, foundation

[núvë noun "root, foundation", also numbë (VT45:38)]

sundo

base, root, root-word

sundo (þ) noun "base, root, root-word" (SUD), sc. a Quendian consonantal "base". According to VT46:16, Tolkien changed the root to STUD, thereby implying that sundo was earlier þundo (compare Sindarin thond "root"). PE18:95 gives the pl. form as sundur, seemingly implying a stem-form sundu-. It is not, however, used in the compound sundocarmë "base-structure" (PE18:84 not **sunducarmë), a term used in the description of the structure of the various Quendian "bases" or roots.

sundo

noun. base, root, root-word, base, root, [ᴹQ.] root-word

Derivations

  • ᴹ√STUD “base, ground”

Element in

  • Q. Sundocarmë “Base-structure” ✧ PE18/084
  • ᴺQ. sundoharmar “capital [funds], (lit.) base treasures”
  • Q. sundóma “determinant vowel, root-vowel, determinant vowel, root-vowel, [ᴹQ.] vocalic determinant”
  • ᴺQ. sundon “bedrock, (lit.) base-rock”
  • Q. Tarmasundar “Roots of the Pillar” ✧ UT/166
Quenya [PE18/084; UT/166; WJ/319] Group: Eldamo. Published by

talma

base, foundation, root

talma noun "base, foundation, root" (TALAM), also translated "bottom" in the expression "top to bottom", see below.% Talmar Ambaren (place-name, *"Foundations of the World" - this is pre-classical "Qenya" with genitive in -en instead of -o as in LotR-style Quenya) (TALAM). Allative talmanna in the phrase telmello talmanna** "from hood to base**, top to bottom" _(VT46:18; notice misreading "telmanna" in the Etymologies as printed in LR, entry TEL-, TELU-)_

sundo

noun. base

base

Quenya [PE 18:33, 60 PE 18:84, 95] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

talma

noun. basis, basis, [ᴹQ.] foundation, base, root; [ᴱQ.] end

Derivations

  • talmā “basis” ✧ PE21/80
    • TALAM “flat space, flat space, [ᴹ√] floor, ground; base, root, foundation”

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
talma > talma[talma]✧ PE21/80

Variations

  • talma ✧ PE21/80 (talma)

Sindarin 

thond

noun. root

Sindarin [LotR/E, Letters/178] Group: SINDICT. Published by

thond

noun. root

n. root.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:96:121] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

thond

noun. root, root, [N.] base; root-word

Derivations

  • ᴹ√STUD “base, ground”

Element in

  • S. Morthond “Blackroot” ✧ LotR/1115; PE17/096
Sindarin [LotR/1115; PE17/096; PE17/121] Group: Eldamo. Published by

talan

flat space

pl1. telain** **_ n. _flat space, platform. Q. talan or talma. >> tâl

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:52] < C.E. _talam-_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

tâl

flat space

_ n. _flat space, platform. Q. talan or talma. >> talan

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:52] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

thond

root

1) thond (construct thon; pl. thynd; coll. pl. thonnath), 2) thonnas, pl. thennais (archaic *thönnais) (VT46:16), 3) thund (construct thun; pl. thynd; coll. pl. thunnath) (VT46:16), 4) (esp. of edible roots) solch (i holch, o solch), pl. sylch (i sylch)

Adûnaic

kulbu

noun. root

A noun appearing only in its plural form kulbî “roots”, corresponding to the collective-noun kulub “roots, edible vegetables that are roots not fruits” (SD/431). As such, it most likely refers to root vegetables only, rather than other senses of the English word “root”.

Derivations

  • √Ad. KULUB “*root (as a kind of plant)”

Primitive elvish

talam

root. flat space, flat space, [ᴹ√] floor, ground; base, root, foundation

Derivatives

  • talam “floor; flat space, platform, floor; flat space, platform, [ᴹ✶] ‘flet’; ground”
    • Q. talan “flat space, platform, flat space, platform; [ᴹQ.] floor, ground” ✧ PE17/052
    • Q. talma “flat space, platform” ✧ PE17/052
    • S. talan “flet, flat space, platform (in a tree)” ✧ PE17/052
    • S. talf “wang, flat field, topographical flat area” ✧ PE17/052
  • talmā “basis”
    • Q. talma “basis, basis, [ᴹQ.] foundation, base, root; [ᴱQ.] end” ✧ PE21/80
  • Q. talan “flat space, platform, flat space, platform; [ᴹQ.] floor, ground” ✧ PE17/052
  • Q. talma “flat space, platform” ✧ PE17/052
  • ᴺQ. talma- “to found”
  • S. talan “flet, flat space, platform (in a tree)” ✧ PE17/052
  • S. talf “wang, flat field, topographical flat area” ✧ PE17/052
  • ᴺS. talven “table”

Elements

WordGloss
TAL“foot; *flat; [ᴱ√] support”

Variations

  • talam ✧ PE17/052
Primitive elvish [PE17/052] Group: Eldamo. Published by

talmā

noun. basis

Derivations

  • TALAM “flat space, flat space, [ᴹ√] floor, ground; base, root, foundation”

Derivatives

  • Q. talma “basis, basis, [ᴹQ.] foundation, base, root; [ᴱQ.] end” ✧ PE21/80

Element in

Variations

  • talma ✧ PE17/167; PE21/80
Primitive elvish [PE17/167; PE21/71; PE21/80] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

dum

noun. root, foundation

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. numbe “root, foundation” ✧ EtyAC/NDUB

Derivations

  • ᴹ√(N)DUB “lay base, foundation, root; found” ✧ EtyAC/NDUB

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√NDUB/DUB > dum[ndumbe] > [dumbe] > [dumb] > [dumb] > [dumm] > [dum]✧ EtyAC/NDUB
Noldorin [EtyAC/NDUB] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thonn

noun. base, root, root-word

Changes

  • sunnthonn ✧ EtyAC/SUD

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. sundo “base, root, root-word” ✧ Ety/SUD

Derivations

  • ᴹ√STUD “base, ground” ✧ EtyAC/SUD; Ety/SUD

Element in

  • N. Morthond “Blackroot”
  • N. thonnas “base, root, root-word, root-word; foundation; base, root” ✧ EtyAC/SUD; EtyAC/SUD (sonnas*)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√STUD > thund > thonn[stunda] > [sθunda] > [θunda] > [θonda] > [θond] > [θonn]✧ EtyAC/SUD
ᴹ√SUD > sunn[sundo] > [sund] > [sunn]✧ Ety/SUD

Variations

  • sunn ✧ EtyAC/SUD (sunn)
Noldorin [EtyAC/SUD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thonnas

noun. base, root, root-word, root-word; *foundation; base, root

Changes

  • sonnasthonnas ✧ EtyAC/SUD

Variations

  • sonnas ✧ EtyAC/SUD (sonnas)
Noldorin [EtyAC/SUD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

solch

noun. root (especially as edible)

Noldorin [Ety/388] Group: SINDICT. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

numbe

noun. root, foundation

Cognates

  • N. dum “root, foundation” ✧ EtyAC/NDUB

Derivations

  • ᴹ√(N)DUB “lay base, foundation, root; found” ✧ EtyAC/NDUB

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√NDUB/DUB > numbe/núve[ndumbe] > [numbe]✧ EtyAC/NDUB

Variations

  • numbe/núve ✧ EtyAC/NDUB (numbe/núve)

sundo

noun. base, root, root-word

Cognates

  • N. thonn “base, root, root-word” ✧ Ety/SUD

Derivations

  • ᴹ√STUD “base, ground” ✧ Ety/SUD

Element in

  • ᴹQ. sundóma “determinant vowel, vocalic determinant” ✧ PE18/060

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√SUD > sundo[stundo] > [θundo] > [sundo]✧ Ety/SUD

Variations

  • Sundo ✧ PE18/033
Qenya [Ety/SUD; PE18/033; PE18/060] Group: Eldamo. Published by

talma

noun. base, foundation, root

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶talmā “foundation, basis, root”
    • ᴹ√TALAM “base, root, foundation; floor, ground” ✧ PE21/56
  • ᴹ√TALAM “base, root, foundation; floor, ground” ✧ Ety/TAL

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√TALAM > talma[talma]✧ Ety/TAL

Variations

  • telmanna ✧ EtyAC/TEL
Qenya [Ety/TAL; Ety/TEL; EtyAC/TEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

talmā

noun. foundation, basis, root

Derivations

  • ᴹ√TALAM “base, root, foundation; floor, ground” ✧ PE21/56

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. talma “base, foundation, root”
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE21/56] Group: Eldamo. Published by

talam

root. base, root, foundation; floor, ground

Derivatives

  • Ilk. talum “ground, floor” ✧ Ety/TAL
  • ᴹ✶talam “floor, ground; ‘flet’, platform” ✧ PE21/56
    • ᴹQ. talan “floor, ground” ✧ PE21/62
    • N. talaf “ground, floor”
  • ᴹ✶talmā “foundation, basis, root” ✧ PE21/56
    • ᴹQ. talma “base, foundation, root”
  • ᴹQ. talan “floor, ground” ✧ Ety/TAL
  • ᴹQ. talma “base, foundation, root” ✧ Ety/TAL
  • N. talaf “ground, floor” ✧ Ety/TAL
  • N. talan “flet”

Variations

  • TÁLAM ✧ PE21/56
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/TAL; PE21/56] Group: Eldamo. Published by

(n)dub

root. lay base, foundation, root; found

Changes

  • NDUM/DUMNDUB/DUB ✧ EtyAC/NDUB

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. numbe “root, foundation” ✧ EtyAC/NDUB
  • N. dum “root, foundation” ✧ EtyAC/NDUB

Variations

  • NDUB/DUB ✧ EtyAC/NDUB (NDUB/DUB)
  • NDUM/DUM ✧ EtyAC/NDUB (NDUM/DUM)
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/NDUB] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

tarc

noun. root

Cognates

  • Eq. tarka “root” ✧ GL/69

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√tṛk > tarc[tṝk] > [tark]✧ GL/69
Gnomish [GL/69; GL/71] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

tṛkṛ

root. *root

An unglossed root in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with derivatives ᴱQ. tarka “root” and ᴱQ. tarkele “great system of roots” (QL/94). It also had derivatives in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon such as G. tarc “root” and G. tricthon “(fibrous fine) root” (GL/69, 71). There are no signs of this root in Tolkien’s later writing.

Derivatives

  • Eq. tarka “root” ✧ GL/69; QL/094
  • G. tarc “root” ✧ GL/69
  • G. tricthon “(fibrous fine) root” ✧ GL/69

Variations

  • tṛk ✧ GL/69
Early Primitive Elvish [GL/69; QL/094] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

móle

noun. root

Early Quenya [PE16/139] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tarka

noun. root

Cognates

  • G. tarc “root” ✧ GL/69

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TṚKṚ “*root” ✧ GL/69; QL/094

Element in

  • Eq. tarkele “great system of roots” ✧ QL/094

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√tṛk > tarka[tṛkā] > [tṛka] > [tarka]✧ GL/69
ᴱ√TṚKṚ > tarka[tṛkā] > [tṛka] > [tarka]✧ QL/094
Early Quenya [GL/69; QL/094] Group: Eldamo. Published by