Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish


root. *crooked


  • ᴹ✶ragnā “crooked” ✧ Ety/RAG
    • On. ragna “crooked” ✧ Ety/RAG
    • N. rhaen “crooked” ✧ Ety/RAG
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/RAG] Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. edge, border, margin

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “edge, border, margin” with derivatives like ᴹQ. réna of similar meaning and N. rhain “border” (Ety/REG). ᴹ√REG replaced a rejected variant ᴹ√RAG (EtyAC/REG). The root is evident in only one name: N. {Duil Rain >>} Emyn Rhain “Border Hills” in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (TI/268, 313), called S. Emyn Muil “Drear Hills” in the published version of The Lord of the Rings (LotR/373; RC/334).


  • RAGREG ✧ Ety/REG


  • ᴹQ. réna “edge, border, margin” ✧ Ety/REG; EtyAC/REG
  • N. rhain “border” ✧ Ety/REG; EtyAC/REG


  • RAG ✧ EtyAC/REG (RAG)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/REG; EtyAC/REG] Group: Eldamo. Published by