Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Quenya


noun. badger

A word appearing as ᴱQ. oryat “badger” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s under the early root ᴱ√ORO “steepness, rising” (QL/70). Tolkien marked the word with a “?” and gave it two different stem forms oryak- and oryap-. In the contemporaneous Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa, the word had only one stem form oryap-, and appeared beside a longer form oryapin, perhaps an accusative or feminine form (PE12/xxi). With this stem form, it might be a combination of ᴱ√ORO “high” with (onomatopoeic?) ᴱ√YAPA “snarl”, so perhaps originally meaning “✱high-yapper” referring to the badger’s high-pitched bark, as suggested by Lokyt in a 2021 Discord chat.

Neo-Quenya: I would retain ᴺQ. oryat (oryap-) “badger” for purposes of Neo-Quenya, with the semi-onomatopoeic derivation “✱high-yapper” suggested above.


  • ᴱ√ORO “steepness, rising” ✧ QL/070


ORO“steepness, rising”
YAPA“snarl, snap, bark ill-temperedly”

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√ORO¹ > oryat[orjap] > [orjat]✧ QL/070
Early Quenya [PME/070; QL/070] Group: Eldamo. Published by