Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Quenya


noun. seed, grain

A noun appearing as ᴱQ. ore (ori-) “seed, grain” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s under the early root ᴱ√ORO (QL/70). Tolkien indicated its primitive form was ✱[or]ı̯ǝ. Tolkien also indicated that its root may be better analyzed as o- + ᴱ√RIẎI “scatter” (QL/70, 80).

Neo-Quenya: There are indications that the root ᴹ√RĪI̯ survived until at least the early 1930s, so I would salvage this early word but update it to ᴺQ. ori “grain” = o + . I would use the later word ᴹQ. erde for “seed”, however. I would assume that like English “grain”, ori be used both collectively for a mass of “grain” as well as an individual “grain”.


  • ᴱ√ORO “*sow” ✧ QL/070

Element in

  • Eq. orivaine “pod, seed pod, pea; peapod (a boat)” ✧ QL/070

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√ORO² > [or]ı̯ǝ > ore[orjǝ] > [orj] > [ori] > [ore]✧ QL/070
Early Quenya [QL/070] Group: Eldamo. Published by


noun. dawn, Sunrise, East


  • ᴱ√OÐO “*dawn” ✧ LT1A/Oromë; QL/070

Element in

  • Eq. órea “of the dawn, Eastern” ✧ LT1A/Oromë; QL/070
  • Eq. lindórea “singing at dawn (esp. of birds)” ✧ QL/054
  • Eq. lintuilindórea “of autumn; when many swallows congregate and sing at dawn”
  • Eq. óresse oilima “in the last morning” ✧ MC/214
  • Eq. Oreros “Eastwind” ✧ QL/070
  • Eq. Oresul “Eastwind” ✧ QL/070
  • Eq. Orodáni “East Danes”

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√OŘO > ōre[ōðē] > [ōðe] > [ōze] > [ōre]✧ QL/070


  • órë ✧ LT1A/Oromë
  • ōre ✧ QL/054 (ōre); QL/070
Early Quenya [LT1A/Oromë; MC/214; QL/054; QL/070] Group: Eldamo. Published by


verb. to rise


  • ᴱ√ORO “steepness, rising” ✧ LT1A/Kalormë; QL/070

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√ORO¹ > oro-[oro-]✧ QL/070
Early Quenya [LT1A/Kalormë; QL/070] Group: Eldamo. Published by


noun. seed


  • ᴱ√MILI “*seed” ✧ QL/061

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√MILI > mile[mili] > [mile]✧ QL/061
Early Quenya [QL/061] Group: Eldamo. Published by