Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish


root. *head

An unglossed root in The Etymologies of the 1930s with derivatives like ᴹQ. nóla “round head, knoll” and N. dôl “head” (Ety/NDOL), the latter appearing in a large number of Noldorin and Sindarin names for hills. In the 1910s, the words ᴱQ. nóla “head, hill” and G. nôl “head” were derived from ᴱ√NOHO “extend”, making this the conceptual precursor to ᴹ√NDOL (QL/67; GL/61). On the other hand, in the 1910s the root ᴱ√NDOLO meant “delve” with derivatives like ᴱQ. noldare/G. doldrin “mole” and ᴱQ. nolmo/G. dolm “pit” (QL/65; GL/30). As for the later form of the root, the soft-mutated form -dhol in S. Fanuidhol “Cloudyhead” indicates the root might have become unstrengthened √DOL, or at least had an unstrengthened variant.


  • Ilk. dol “head, *hill”
  • ᴹQ. nóla “round head, knoll, round hilltop; summit, round head, knoll, round hilltop; summit, [ᴱQ.] top (only used of mountains etc.); crown of head” ✧ Ety/NDOL
  • ᴺQ. nolpa “mole”
  • S. dol(l) “head, hill”
  • Ilk. Dolmed “Wet Head” ✧ Ety/NDOL
  • ᴺS. dolph “mole”
  • N. dolt “round knob, boss” ✧ Ety/NDOL
  • On. ndolo “head” ✧ Ety/NDOL
    • N. dôl “head, hill” ✧ Ety/NDOL

Element in

Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/MIZD; Ety/NDOL] Group: Eldamo. Published by