Quenya 

morikotto

masculine name. *Dark Enemy

The Quenya equivalent of S. Morgoth (VT49/24). It is a compound of morë (mori-) “dark” and cotto “enemy”. It is unlikely this name was much used, and is interesting primarily in shining a light on the etymology of Morgoth.

Conceptual Development: @@@ finish after completing phonology.

Quenya [PE19/081; VT49/24] Group: Eldamo. Published by

morños

masculine name. *Dark Enemy
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

notto

enemy

*notto (ñ)noun "enemy", reconstructed simplex form of the second element of the Moringotto "Dark Enemy", a Quenya form of Morgoth(VT49:25). Compare #cotto.

morĭ

adjective. dark

PQ. dark

Quenya [PE 19:81] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

cotto

enemy

#cotto ("k")noun "enemy", isolated from Moricotto "Dark Enemy", a Quenya form of Morgoth(VT49:25). Compare cotumo, *notto.

mori-

dark, black

mori- "dark, black" in a number of compounds (independent form morë, q.v.):Morimando "Dark Mando" = Mandos (MBAD, VT45:33), morimaitë "black-handed" (LotR3:VI ch. 6, VT49:42). Moriquendi "Dark Elves" (SA:mor, WJ:361, 373), Moringotto "Black Foe", Sindarin Morgoth, later name of Melkor. The oldest form is said to have been Moriñgotho (MR:194). In late material, Tolkien is seen to consider both Moringotto and Moricotto _("k") _as the Quenya form of the name Morgoth (VT49:24-25; Moricotto also appears in the ablative, Moricottollo). Morion "the dark one", a title of Morgoth (FS). Morifinwë "dark Finwë", masc. name; he was called Caranthir in Sindarin (short Quenya name Moryo). (PM:353) In the name Morinehtar, translated "Darkness-slayer", the initial element is defined would thus seem to signify "darkness" rather than "dark" as an adjective (see mórë). (PM:384, 385)

morna

dark, black

morna adj. "dark, black" (Letters:282, LT1:261; also used of black hair, PE17:154), or "gloomy, sombre" (MOR). Used as noun in the phrase mi…morna of someone clad "in…black" (PE17:71). In tumbalemorna (Letters:282), q.v. Pl. mornë in Markirya**(the first version of this poem had "green rocks", MC:215, changed to ondolisse mornë** "upon dark rocks" in the final version; see MC:220, note 8).

móri

dark

móri adj. "dark" (MC:221; this is "Qenya"; in Tolkien's later Quenya mórë, morë)

Melkor

mighty-rising

Melkor (spelt Melcor in VT49:6, 24, MR:362), masc. name: the rebellious Vala, the devil of the Silmarillion mythos. Older (MET) form Melkórë "Mighty-rising" (hence the interpretation "He that arises in power"), compare órë #2. Oldest Q form *mbelekōro (WJ:402). Ablative Melkorello/Melcorello, VT49:7, 24. Compounded in Melkorohíni "Children of Melkor", Orcs ("but the wiser say: nay, the slaves of Melkor; but not his children, for Melkor had no children") (MR:416). The form Melkoro- here occurring may incorporate either the genitive ending -o or the otherwise lost final vowel of the ancient form ¤mbelekōro. For Melkors later name, see Moringotto / Moricotto (Morgoth) under mori-.

morë

noun/adjective. dark, black, darkness, night, *[ᴹQ.] blackness, *[Q.] night
Quenya [Let/382; PE17/110; PM/384; VT49/24] Group: Eldamo. Published by

núla¹

adjective. dark, occult, mysterious
Quenya [PE17/125] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cotumo

enemy

cotumo ("k")noun "enemy" (KOT > KOTH)

cotumo

noun. enemy
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

hróva

dark, dark brown

hróva adj. "dark, dark brown", used to refer to hair (PE17:154)

hróva¹

adjective. dark, dark brown (of hair)
Quenya [PE17/154; PE17/155] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lóna

dark

?lóna (4) adj. "dark" (DO3/DŌ). If this is to be the cognate of "Noldorin"/Sindarin dûr, as the context seems to indicate, lóna is likely a misreading for *lóra in Tolkien's manuscript.

lóna

adjective. dark
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

lúrëa

dark, overcast

lúrëa adj. "dark, overcast" (LT1:259)

núla

dark, occult, mysterious

núla ("ñ")adj. "dark, occult, mysterious" (PE17:125)

lúna

dark

lúna adj. *"dark" in Lúnaturco and Taras Lúna, Quenya names of Barad-dûr (Dark Tower). (PE17:22). In the Etymologies, lúnë "blue" was changed by Tolkien from lúna (VT45:29).

ulca

adjective. dark

dark, gloomy, sinister

Quenya [PE 18:88] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

nulla

dark, dusky, obscure

nulla adj. "dark, dusky, obscure" (NDUL), "secret" (DUL). See also VT45:11.

Sindarin 

morgoth

masculine name. Black Foe, Dark Foe, Black Enemy, Dark Tyrant

Sindarin name of the Vala Melkor, source of evil in the world, variously translated “Black Foe” (S/79, MR/294), “Dark Foe” (WJ/14), “Black Enemy” (PM/358) or “Dark Tyrant” (PE21/85). His name is a combination of the element MOR “black” (SA/mor, PE17/73) and the lenited form of coth “enemy” (Ety/KOT).

Possible Etymology: Tolkien stated that this name was given to Morgoth by Fëanor (S/79, MR/194). This scenario made sense when the Welsh-like Elvish language was the native language of the Noldoras it was up through the 1940s, but was more difficult to justify when Sindarin became the language of Beleriand in the 1950s. Tolkien seems to have devised several new etymologies of this name specifically to make the statement more plausible. See the entry ✶Moriñgotho for further discussion.

Conceptual Development: The name G. Morgoth appeared in the earliest Lost Tales, but at that stage its second element was goth “strife” (LT2/67). In Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, N. Morgoth was translated “Dark Power” (SM/164) or “Black God” (LR/206), indicating a shift in the conception of the name’s meaning. The name first appeared with the translation “Black Foe” and the derivation described above in The Etymologies (Ety/MOR, KOT), though in the same period Tolkien also considered making the second element an Orcish word meaning “master” (LR/406). See ✶Moriñgotho for later etymological developments.

Sindarin [Let/382; LotRI/Morgoth; LT1I/Morgoth; MR/194; MR/294; MR/373; MRI/Morgoth; PE17/073; PE21/85; PM/358; PMI/Morgoth; S/079; SA/mor; SI/Morgoth; UTI/Morgoth; VT49/24; WJ/014; WJI/Morgoth] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dûr

adjective. dark, sombre
Sindarin [Ety/354, S/430, UT/434] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dúath

adjective. dark

_ adj. _dark, black shadow.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:87] < _du-wath_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

dûr

dark

_ adj. _dark, gloomy, 'hellish'.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:152] < _(n)dūrā_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

* morn

dark

morn (black), pl. myrn, lenited vorn. Note: the latter word is also used as a noun ”darkness, night”. (Letters:386)

* môr

dark

môr (black), lenited vôr, pl. mŷr (Letters:382), also

* goth

enemy

1) goth (i ngoth = i ñoth, o n**goth = o ñgoth), pl. gyth (in gyth = i ñgyth), 2) #gûd (i ngûd = i ñûd, o n**gûd = o ñgûd, construct gud) (foe), pl. guid (in guid = i ñgŷd). Isolated from the name Thuringud, Hidden Foe. 3) (also used = ”enmity”) coth (i goth, o choth), pl. cyth (i chyth).

* coth

noun. enemy, foe, *[N.] enmity

Its later form could be *(ñ)goth. See ᴺ✶kottō for a discussion.

Sindarin [SA/mor] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* graw

adjective. dark, swart
Sindarin Group: Neologism. Published by

* doll

dark

doll (dusky, misty, obscure), lenited noll, pl. dyll. Note: In ”Noldorin”, this word appeared as dolt as well as doll, but the latter seems the best form in S.

* dûr

dark

dûr (sombre), lenited dhûr, pl. duir

* graw

dark

graw (swart), lenited raw, pl. groe. (VT45:16)

Black Speech

búrz

adjective. dark
Black Speech [PE17/011; PE17/012; PE17/079] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* búrz

adjective. dark
Black Speech [PE17/11] Published by

Adûnaic

dolgu

noun. dark, (evil) night

A noun attested as the isolated word dolgu, described as “a word with the evil sense of ‘night’ or ‘dark’” (SD/306). It may be related to S. “night” and N. doll “obscure, hidden, dusky”, as suggested by Carl Hostetter and Patrick Wynn (AAD/13). It is similar to the word dulgu “black” appearing in the Lament of Akallabêth and the two may be variations of the same word, but most authors have suggested (AAD/13-14, AL/Adûnaic, EotAL/DUL’G, NBA/11, 24) that they are distinct words. In the phonetic rules in Lowdham’s Report from this period, a short o cannot appear in an Adûnaic (SD/423), so perhaps the proper form of this noun should be *dôlgu.

Adûnaic [SD/306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Khuzdûl

azan

adjective. dark, dim
Khuzdûl [PE17/037; RS/466] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

morgoth

masculine name. Black Foe
Noldorin [Ety/KOT; Ety/MOR; EtyAC/KOT; LR/206; LR/406; LRI/Morgoth; PE22/041; RSI/Morgoth; SDI1/Morgoth; SDI2/Morgoth; SDI2/Mulkhêr; SM/079; SM/164; SMI/Morgoth; TII/Morgoth; WRI/Morgoth] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dolt

adjective. dark, dusky, obscure
Noldorin [Ety/355, Ety/376, Tengwestie/20031207] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

grau

adjective. dark, swart
Noldorin [EtyAC/GRAWA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dûr

adjective. dark, sombre
Noldorin [Ety/354, S/430, UT/434] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

doll

adjective. dark, dusky, obscure
Noldorin [Ety/355, Ety/376, Tengwestie/20031207] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dûr

adjective. dark
Noldorin [Ety/DOƷ; WR/113] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

moriñgotho

masculine name. Black Foe
Primitive elvish [MR/194; MR/294; MRI/Morgoth; PE19/081] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mornā

adjective. dark
Primitive elvish [Let/382; WJ/362] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dom

root. dark, *[ᴹ√] faint, *dim
Primitive elvish [PE17/151; PE17/152; PE22/153] Group: Eldamo. Published by

doʒ

root. dark
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

* du

root. dark

[This theoretical root was suggested by Iipitaka on the Elfling list, message #36296]

Primitive elvish Group: Neologism. Published by

* du

root. dark

[This theoretical root was suggested by Iipitaka on the Elfling list, message #36296]

Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

hui

noun. dark, murk, fog, night, evening
Qenya [LT1A/Fui; MC/214; MC/221; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/077; PE16/080; PME/038; PME/041; QL/034; QL/038; QL/041] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kotumo

noun. enemy
Qenya [Ety/KOT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yanda

adjective. dark, gloomy
Qenya [QL/105] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lúrea

adjective. dark, overcast
Qenya [LT1A/Luvier; PME/057; QL/057] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lúvina

adjective. dark, overcast
Qenya [QL/057] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lóna²

adjective. dark
Qenya [Ety/DOƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

laumea

adjective. dark, stormy
Qenya [QL/051] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nulla

adjective. dark, dusky, obscure, hidden, secret
Qenya [Ety/DUL; Ety/NDUL; EtyAC/DUL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

untamo

noun. enemy
Qenya [PE21/05; PE21/38; PE21/48; PE21/49] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

graw

root. dark, swart
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/GRAWA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ndulla

adjective. dark, dusky, obscure
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/NDUL; EtyAC/DUL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

forog

noun. enemy
Gnomish [GL/36] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fung

adjective. dark
Gnomish [GL/36] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

hinar

adjective. dark
Early Noldorin [MC/217] Group: Eldamo. Published by

drû

adjective. dark
Early Noldorin [PE13/142] Group: Eldamo. Published by