Quenya 

mor

darkness

mor noun "darkness" (Letters:308; probably just an Elvish "element" rather than a complete word; Namárië has mornië for "darkness")

morë

black

morë adj. "black" (MOR), "dark, darkness" (Letters:282). In compounds the stem-form mori- (q.v.) appears, since the primitive form was ¤mori.

morna

adjective. black, dark, black of hair, *[ᴹQ.] sombre, *gloomy
Quenya [Let/382; LotR/1131; MC/222; PE17/071; PE17/073; PE17/081; PE17/082; PE17/125; PE17/154] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mornië

darkness

mornië noun "darkness" (Nam, RGEO:67), "dark, blackness" (PE17:73). Early "Qenya" also has Mornië "Black Grief", "the black ship that plies between Mandos and Erumáni" (LT1:261). This is probably a compound of mor- "black" and nië "tear".

morqua

black

morqua adj. "black" (LT1:261; rather morna in LotR-style Quenya)

mára

adjective. good, proper, *[ᴹQ.] useful, *fit, *good (of things), *[ᴱQ.] excellent, *mighty, *power, *doughty
Quenya [PE17/016; PE17/057; PE17/058; PE17/059; PE17/074; PE17/093; PE17/147; PE17/162; PE17/172; PE22/154; PE22/166; VT42/33; VT49/12; VT49/15; VT49/30] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mára

adjective. good
Quenya [PE 22:154, 166] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

Amarië

good

Amarië fem. name; perhaps derived from mára "good" with prefixing of the stem-vowel and the feminine ending - (Silm)

ala-

good

ala- (3), also al-, a prefix expressing "good" or "well" (PE17:146), as in alaquenta (q.v.) Whether Tolkien imagined this ending to coexist with the negative prefix of the same form (#2 above) is unclear and perhaps dubious.

lúmë

darkness

lúmë (2) noun "darkness" (one wonders if Tolkien confused lúmë "time, hour" and lómë "night") (Markirya)

lúmë²

noun. darkness
Quenya [MC/222] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin 

mor

black

_adj. _black.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:31] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

mor-

black

_ pref. _black. >> Moria, morn-

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:35] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

morn

adjective. black, dark
Sindarin [Ety/373, Letters/382, Letters/427, WJ/368, WR/11] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

morn

adjective. black

adj. black. >> mor, Morgai

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:101] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

morn

noun/adjective. black, dark, night
Sindarin [Let/382; Let/427; PE17/031; PE17/035; PE17/037; PE17/101; PE17/125; RC/lxv; UT/065; VT42/09; WJ/362] Group: Eldamo. Published by

morn-

black

_pref. _black. >> Moria, mor-

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:31:35] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

môr

noun. darkness, dark, night
Sindarin [Ety/373, Letters/382] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

maer

adjective. good, excellent, fair, *[N.] useful, *fit, *good (of things)
Sindarin [PE17/162; PE17/163; PE17/172] Group: Eldamo. Published by

maer

good

_ adj. _good.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:162] < MAY. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

maer

good

adj. good, proper, excellent. Q. mára good, proper, Q. maira excellent. >> mae-. This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:172] < (A)MAY suitable, useful, prosper, serviceable, right. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ma

interjection. good, excellent, that’s right
Sindarin [PE17/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ma

adjective. good

_ adj. _good. Archaic and obsolete except as interjection 'good, excellent, that's right'.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:162] < *_magā_ < MAGA to thrive, be in good state. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

bain

good

_ adj. _good, wholesome, blessed, fair (esp. of weather). . This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:149] < ƀan fair. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

dúath

noun. darkness, shadow
Sindarin [Ety/354, S/430] Either the collective plural of dû, or a compound dû+gwath "night shade" (hence dúwath). Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dúath

noun. nightshade
Sindarin [Ety/354, S/430] Either the collective plural of dû, or a compound dû+gwath "night shade" (hence dúwath). Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* môr

black

1) môr (dark), lenited vôr, pl. mŷr (Letters:382), also morn (dark), pl. myrn, lenited #vorn. Note: the word is also used as a noun ”darkness, night”. (Letters:386) The lenited form #vorn appears, compounded, in the name of the

* maer

good

_(”useful” of things _ not of moral qualities) maer (lenited vaer, no distinct pl. form) (fit, useful). For ”good” as an adjective describing human qualities, the word fael ”fair-minded, just, generous” may be considered.

*

darkness

1) (i dhû) (night, nightfall, late evening, dusk), pl. dui (i nui) (SD:302), 2) fuin (gloom, night, dead of night, nightshade). No distinct pl. form. 3) môr (i vôr, construct mor), pl. mŷr (i mŷr) if there is a pl. (Letters:382); 4 morn (i vorn) (night), pl. myrn (i myrn). Note: the word môr, morn is also used as an adjective ”dark, black”. (Letters:386)

Nandorin 

* dunna

adjective. black

This might seem to be derived from dunnâ, sc. the stem DUN "dark (of colour)" (LR:355) either with the adjectival ending -nâ or with medial fortification n > nn and the simpler adjectival ending . However, other Nandorin words seem to have lost their final 's, e.g. ealc "swan" from alk-wâ, and (to quote a wholly parallel example) cogn "bow" from ku3nâ. The descendant form is not cogna with the final vowel intact as the case would seem to be in dunna. However, primitive does come out as -a in Nandorin, cf. golda "Noldo" from ñgolodô, so a form dunnô might be capable of yielding dunna, but this primitive form would rather be a noun "dark person/thing", since primitive -ô, -nô are nominal rather than adjectival endings. Of course, Nandorin may have turned an original noun into an adjective, or developed an adjectival ending -a afresh. But all things considered *dunnâ still appears to be the best reconstruction of the primitive form.

The words dunna and scella raise the question of whether original final is actually preserved as -a following double consonants (as opposed to clusters of different consonants) in Nandorin.

Nandorin [H. Fauskanger (LR:355)] < DUN. Published by

Black Speech

burzum

noun. darkness
Black Speech [LotR/0254; PE17/011; PE17/012] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* burzum

noun. darkness
Black Speech [PE17/11] Published by

Adûnaic

dulgu

adjective. black, dark

An adjective translated “black” (SD/247). It appears in its plural form dulgî “black” in the final version of the Lament of Akallabêth (SD/247) and in its singular form dulgu in the second draft of this text (SD/312). It may be related to S. dûr “dark” and N. doll “obscure, hidden, dusky”, as suggested by Carl Hostetter and Patrick Wynn (AAD/14). It is likely related to or a variant of dolgu “black, dark”.

Adûnaic [SD/247; SD/312] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Khuzdûl

narâg

adjective. black
Khuzdûl [PE17/037; PE17/047; RS/466] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

morn

adjective. black
Noldorin [Ety/MOR; EtyAC/LIS; EtyAC/MAT; EtyAC/MOR; EtyAC/ÑGOL; PE22/033; TI/124; WR/113; WR/122] Group: Eldamo. Published by

morn

adjective. black, dark
Noldorin [Ety/373, Letters/382, Letters/427, WJ/368, WR/11] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

môr

adjective. black
Noldorin [Ety/MOR; EtyAC/LOƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

môr

noun. darkness, dark, night
Noldorin [Ety/373, Letters/382] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dúath

noun. darkness, shadow
Noldorin [Ety/354, S/430] Either the collective plural of dû, or a compound dû+gwath "night shade" (hence dúwath). Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dúwath

noun. darkness, shadow
Noldorin [Ety/354, S/430] Either the collective plural of dû, or a compound dû+gwath "night shade" (hence dúwath). Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dúath

noun. nightshade
Noldorin [Ety/354, S/430] Either the collective plural of dû, or a compound dû+gwath "night shade" (hence dúwath). Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dúwath

noun. nightshade
Noldorin [Ety/354, S/430] Either the collective plural of dû, or a compound dû+gwath "night shade" (hence dúwath). Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

mor

root. black, dark, darkness
Primitive elvish [Let/308; Let/382; Let/384; PE17/036; PE17/073; PE17/165; SA/mor] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mori

adjective. black
Primitive elvish [Let/382; PE19/081] Group: Eldamo. Published by

magrā

adjective. good, useful, proper, fit
Primitive elvish [PE17/016; VT47/06] Group: Eldamo. Published by

manrā

adjective. good
Primitive elvish [PE17/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ari

root. good, excellent, noble
Primitive elvish [PE17/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aran

root. good, excellent, noble
Primitive elvish [PE17/147; PE17/148] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arat

root. good, excellent, noble
Primitive elvish [PE17/147; PE17/148; SA/ar(a)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

more

adjective. black, dark
Qenya [Ety/MOR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

morna

adjective. black
Qenya [LT1A/Mornië; QL/062; QL/063] Group: Eldamo. Published by

morqa

adjective. black
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

mára

adjective. good, good, excellent, useful (of things), mighty, power[ful], doughty
Qenya [GG/10.0513; LFC/030.1501; PE13/122.1505; PE13/125.2113; PE13/125.2114; PE13/125.2115; PE14/048.2501; PE14/081.1601; PE15/32.0205; PE15/32.0803; PE15/32.1005; PE15/73.1701; PE15/73.1704; PE16/137.3901; PE16/140.7701; PE16/140.7702; PE16/141.0801; QL/057.4101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

ungor

adjective. black, dark, gloomy

An adjective meaning “black, dark, gloomy” developed from the root ᴹ√UÑG (Ety/UÑG), perhaps from a primitive form uñgrā̆* [uŋgrā̆] as suggested by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Ilkorin/ungor): after the [[ilk|primitive final [a] was lost]], the resulting [[ilk|final [r] would become syllabic and develop into [-or]]].

Doriathrin [Ety/UÑG] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ungol

noun. darkness

A noun for “darkness” developed from the root ᴹ√UÑG (Ety/UÑG), perhaps from a primitive form uñglē̆* [uŋglē̆] as suggested by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Ilkorin/ungol): after the [[ilk|primitive final [e] was lost]], the resulting [[ilk|final [l] would become syllabic and develop into [-ol]]].

Doriathrin [Ety/UÑG] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dunn

adjective. black

A Doriathrin adjective meaning “black” (Ety/DUN). Its Noldorin and Danian cognates imply development from a primitive form dunnā. Since the primitive form ended in [a], the Ilkorin a*-affection]] would ordinarily have produced **donn. However, it seems that a-affection was prevented or reversed before [nn], as suggested by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Doriathrin/dunn).

Doriathrin [Ety/DUN; Ety/ÑGOROTH] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Ossriandric

dunna

adjective. black

An adjective for “black” developed from the root ᴹ√DUN (Ety/DUN). It most likely developed from primitive dunnā given its cognates, as suggested by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Nandorin/dunna). It is a counter-example to Danian a*-affection]], perhaps indicating that this change was prevented or reverted before nasal clusters as was the case in Ilkorin.

Ossriandric [Ety/DUN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

magra

adjective. good
Old Noldorin [EtyAC/MAƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

mor

root. *black, dark
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KHYEL(ES); Ety/MOR; Ety/TIN; EtyAC/LOƷ; EtyAC/MAK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mori

adjective. black
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/MOR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

mora

adjective. good, worse, better
Gnomish [GG/10; GG/15; GG/16; GL/17; GL/56; GL/57; PE13/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

morn

adjective. dark, black
Gnomish [GL/58; LT1A/Mornië; LT2/067] Group: Eldamo. Published by

morth

noun. darkness
Gnomish [GL/58; LT1A/Mornië] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mawr

adjective. good
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

mûri

noun. darkness, †night
Gnomish [GL/58; LT1A/Móru] Group: Eldamo. Published by

colw

adjective. black
Gnomish [GL/26] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

morn

adjective. black, dark
Early Noldorin [PE13/150] Group: Eldamo. Published by

môr

adjective. good
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

maur

adjective. good
Early Noldorin [PE13/122; PE13/124; PE13/125; PE13/150] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

moro

root. *black, dark
Early Primitive Elvish [LT1A/Mornië; LT1A/Morwinyon; QL/062] Group: Eldamo. Published by