Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Quenya


noun. fat, grease

A word appearing as ᴱQ. laru “fat, grease” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s under the early root ᴱ√LARA whose derivatives had to do with fat (QL/51). In Early Qenya Word-lists of the 1920s Tolkien instead had ᴱQ. lise {“greasy” >>} “grease”, with an accusative form lisya- indicating a stem lisy- (PE16/141). In Qenya Declensions also from the 1920s, its partitive form lisihta was glossed “of butter” (PE16/115).

Neo-Quenya: The root ᴹ√LAR “fat, grease” from The Etymologies of the 1930s seems to indicate that lisy- was a transient idea, so I would retain ᴺQ. laru for purposes of Neo-Quenya, but would use it only for “grease”. For “fat” I would instead use ᴹQ. larma (Ety/LAR). Note that Tolkien also had the adjective Q. (h)lúvo “greasy, fat” in notes from the early 1950s (PE21/82) but gave no noun form.


  • ᴱ√LARA “*fat” ✧ QL/051

Element in

  • Eq. laruke “fat, rich” ✧ QL/051
  • Eq. larúva “greasy” ✧ QL/051

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√LARA > laru[larū] > [laru]✧ QL/051
Early Quenya [QL/051] Group: Eldamo. Published by


adjective. fat


Early Quenya [PE16/137] Group: Eldamo. Published by


noun. grease

A word for “grease” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s derived the early root ᴱ√MṆGṆ (QL/62), with syllabic becoming an [aŋ] which was the most common result in Early Qenya (PE12/10).


Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√MṆGṆ > mange¹[mṇgi] > [mṇge] > [maŋge]✧ QL/062
Early Quenya [QL/062] Group: Eldamo. Published by