Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish

lak

root. swallow

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “swallow” with variant ᴹ√LANK and derivatives ᴹQ. lanko/N. lhanc “throat” (Ety/LAK¹, LANK), the latter an element in N. tarlanc “stiff-necked, obstinate” (Ety/TÁRAG). This last word was changed to S. tarlang in Tolkien’s later writings (PE17/92; RC/536), consistent with an earlier but rejected form ᴹ√LANG for ᴹ√LANK in The Etymologies (Ety/LANK).

In later writings, Q. lango/S. lang meant “neck” rather than “throat”, so it is tempting to retain ᴹ√LAK for “throat” and other swallow-words. But it would be very confusing to have such similar but unrelated words for “neck” and “throat”, so I recommend using the root ᴹ√SLUK for “swallow” instead, and Q. lango, S. lang for both “neck” and “throat”.

Changes

  • LANGLANK ✧ Ety/LANK
  • LAK¹LAK¹ “devour, swallow” ✧ Ety/LAK¹

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. lanko “throat” ✧ Ety/LAK¹; Ety/LANK
  • ᴹQ. lango “throat” ✧ Ety/LANK
  • N. lhanc “throat” ✧ Ety/LANK; Ety/LANK; EtyAC/LAK¹

Element in

  • N. tarlanc “stiff-necked, obstinate” ✧ Ety/TÁRAG

Variations

  • LANK ✧ Ety/LAK¹; Ety/LANK; Ety/TÁRAG
  • LANG ✧ Ety/LANK (LANG)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/LAK¹; Ety/LANK; Ety/TÁRAG; EtyAC/LAK¹] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lak

root. swift

Middle Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

lank

root. swallow

Middle Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

(a)lak

root. swift, rushing

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶álākō “rush, rushing flight, wild wind” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • ᴹQ. alako “rush, rushing flight, wild wind” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • N. alag “rushing, impetuous” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
  • ᴹ✶alkwā “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK; PE18/050
    • Ilk. alch “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • Dan. ealc “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • ᴹQ. alqa “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • On. alpha “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • N. alf “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • ᴹT. alpa “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
  • ᴹ✶lakra “swift, rapid” ✧ Ety/LAK²
    • ᴹQ. (a)larka “swift, rapid” ✧ Ety/LAK²
    • N. lhagr “swift, rapid” ✧ Ety/LAK²
  • ᴹQ. (a)larka “swift, rapid” ✧ EtyAC/ÁLAK
  • N. alagos “storm (of wind)” ✧ Ety/ÁNAK; Ety/NAK

Variations

  • LAK² ✧ Ety/ÁLAK; Ety/LAK²
  • ÁLAK ✧ Ety/ÁNAK; Ety/NAK; EtyAC/ÁLAK; EtyAC/LAK²
  • ALAK ✧ PE18/050
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ÁLAK; Ety/ÁNAK; Ety/LAK²; Ety/NAK; EtyAC/ÁLAK; EtyAC/LAK²; PE18/050] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sluk

root. swallow

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s with no derivatives (Ety/SLUK).

Derivatives

  • ᴺQ. hluc- “to swallow”
  • ᴺQ. hlungo “pharynx, gullet”
  • ᴺS. lhung “pharynx, gullet”
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/SLUK] Group: Eldamo. Published by