Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish

lag

root. *cut

An unglossed root in The Etymologies of the 1930s with the derivatives ᴹQ. lango “broad sword; prow of a ship” and N. lhang “cutlass, sword” (Ety/LAG), so probably meaning something like “✱cut”.

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. lango “broad sword; prow of a ship” ✧ Ety/LAG
  • N. lhang “cutlass, sword” ✧ Ety/LAG
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/LAG] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yak

root. *neck

An unglossed root in The Etymologies of the 1930s with derivatives like ᴹQ. yat/N. iaeth “neck” (Ety/YAK). It might also be the basis for later Sindarin S. iach “ford” as in S. Arossiach “Ford(s) of Aros” (S/121, WJ/338).

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶yakta- “neck” ✧ Ety/YAK
    • ᴹQ. yat “neck, neck; [ᴱQ.] isthmus” ✧ Ety/YAK
    • N. iaeth “neck” ✧ Ety/YAK
  • ᴹQ. yatta “narrow neck, isthmus, narrow neck, isthmus; *(lit.) joining” ✧ Ety/YAK
  • S. iach “ford”
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/YAK] Group: Eldamo. Published by