Quenya 

elwen

heart

elwen noun "heart" (LT1:255; rather hón or enda in LotR-style Quenya)

enda

noun. heart, center, **interior
Quenya [VT39/32] Group: Eldamo. Published by

enda

heart

enda noun "heart", but not referring to the physical organ; it literally means "centre" (cf. endë) and refers to the fëa (soul) or sáma (mind) itself. (VT39:32)

hón

heart

hón noun "heart" (physical) (KHŌ-N); hon-maren "heart of the house", a fire (LR:63, 73; this is "Qenya" with genitive in -en, not -o as in LotR-style Quenya read *hon-maro?)

órë

heart

órë (1) noun "heart" (inner mind), also name of tengwa #21 (Appendix E), "premonition" (VT41:13), "nearest equivalent of 'heart' in our application to feelings, or emotions (courage, fear, hope, pity, etc.)" (VT41:13). The órë apparently defines a person's personality, cf. the description of Galadriel in PM:337, that "there dwelt in her the noble and generous spirit (órë) of the Vanyar". Órenya "my heart" (VT41:11).

indo

heart, mood

indo (1) noun "heart, mood" (ID), "state" (perhaps especially state of mind, given the other glosses) (VT39:23), "mind, region/range of thought, mood" (PE17:155, 179), "inner thought, in fea as exhibited in character or [?personality]" (PE17:189). In another post-LotR source, indo is translated "resolve" or "will", the state of mind leading directly to action (VT41:13). Indo is thus "the mind in its purposing faculty, the will" (VT41:17). Indo-ninya,a word occurring in Fíriels Song, translated "my heart" (see ninya). In the compound indemma "mind-picture", the first element would seem to be indo.

tenna³

noun. thought, notion, idea
Quenya [PE19/097] Group: Eldamo. Published by

órë¹

noun. heart (inner mind), warning, caution, (pre)monition, **conscience

The meaning of the Quenya word órë is quite subtle, and does not have a direct equivalent in English. In The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien translated the word as “heart (inner mind)” (LotR/1123), but elsewhere he said that this was a poor translation of the word (VT41/11). In a lengthy essay on the nature of this word (VT41/11-19), Tolkien described it as the source of wisdom and moral impulses that informed one’s judgement, so perhaps the closest English equivalent is “conscience”. This is still not quite right, however, since the órë could be the source of negative impulses as well, particularly among Men (VT41/13). Furthermore, divine powers such as the Valar could sometimes (but not always) communicate subtly through one’s órë (VT41/15). Galadriel was described as having a particularly noble and generous órë (PM/337).

This word could also be used with the sense “warning, caution” (VT41/15) or even “premonition” (VT41/13). It seems that the órë and its urges was viewed as almost external to the mind itself, as indicated by the phrase órenya quetë nin “my heart tells me” = “I feel compelled to ...”, not unlike pop-cultural “shoulder angel and devil” whispering into your ear. Tolkien said that in Quenya this word was associated with the sense of √OR “rise” and its urges were seen as rising up within the spirit (VT41/13). Compare this to the words for ordinary feelings, such as fëafelmë “*(lit.) spirit-impulse”.

Possible Etymology: The word órë was also the name of tengwa #21 used for a weak and untrilled medial r (LotR/1123), many of which originated from primitive intervocalic [z] or [d]. There is no sign that órë had such a consonant medially, however, and it seems this name chosen simply because it had a medial r.

In the article mentioned above, Tolkien derived órë from the primitive roots √ƷOR or √HOR, along with these cognates: Sindarin gûr and Telerin órë (VT41/11). Unfortunately, this article also seems to be based on the transient idea that primitive initial h- (or ʒ-) vanished in Quenya while becoming g- in Sindarin. This is almost the opposite of its phonetic development in Tolkien’s other writings, where it became h- in Quenya and vanished in Sindarin.

To preserve both the Quenya and Sindarin forms, the only real option is to instead derive this word from the root ᴹ√GOR, which appeared in The Etymologies from the 1930s with the similar senses “violence, impetus, haste”, and included derivatives like N. gorf “impetus, vigor”. This is not consistent with Telerin órë, but I see no other way the etymology of this word can derived without drastic re-working of Elvish phonology.

Conceptual Development: There is no clear precursor to this word in Tolkien’s earlier writings, except perhaps ᴹQ. hóre “impulse” (Ety/KHOR).

Quenya [LotR/1123; PE22/155; PM/337; VT41/11; VT41/12; VT41/13; VT41/14; VT41/15] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sanar

noun. mind, thinker, reflector
Quenya [VT41/13; VT41/14; VT41/16] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sanar

mind

sanar noun "mind" (literally "thinker" or "reflector", suggesting an underlying verb #sana- "to think, to reflect") (VT41:13)

minta

inwards, [?into]

minta prep. "inwards, [?into]" (Tolkien's gloss is not certainly legible). Also mitta. (VT45:34)

mitta

inwards, [?into]

mitta (4) prep. "inwards, [?into]" (Tolkiens gloss is not certainly legible). Also minta. (VT45:34)

enne

noun. thought, purpose
Quenya [PE 22:51n] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

mitya

interior

mitya adj. "interior" (MI)

mitya

adjective. interior
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

sanwë

thought, an act of thinking

sanwë noun "thought, an act of thinking" (VT39:23, 30; VT41:5, 13, PE17:183)

sanwë

noun. thought, an act of thinking
Quenya [PE17/183; PE22/158; VT39/23; VT39/30; VT41/05; VT41/13] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sáma

noun. mind, minds
Quenya [PE17/183; VT39/23; VT39/30; VT41/05] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sáma

mind

sáma noun "mind" (pl. sámar and dual samat [sic, read *sámat?] are given) (VT39:23, VT41:5, VT49:33, PE17:183)

síma

mind, imagination

síma noun "mind, imagination" (VT49:16); variant isima. Also attested with endings: símaryassen "in their imaginations" (with the ending -rya used = "their" rather than "his/her", according to colloquial useage) (VT49:16)

tenna

noun. thought

thought, notion, idea

Quenya [PE 19:97] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

* hón

noun. heart (physical)
Quenya [PE19/102] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* mitië

noun. interior
Quenya Group: Neologism. Published by

Sindarin 

ind

noun. some particular purpose or intention of an individual, heart, *[N.] inner thought, *meaning
Sindarin [MR/305; PE22/165] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hûn

noun. heart (physical)
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

gûr

noun. heart (inner mind)
Sindarin [VT41/11] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nauth

noun. thought
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

gûr

noun. heart (in the moral sense), counsel
Sindarin [VT/41:11,15] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

inn

noun. some particular purpose or intention of an individual
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* ind

mind

ind (inner thought, meaning, heart), no distinct pl. form;, coll. pl. innath.

* hûn

heart

1) (physical heart) hûn (i chûn, o chûn, construct hun), pl. huin (i chuin), 2) (inner mind) gûr (i **ûr, construct gur), pl. guir (i nguir = i ñuir). Note: A homophone means ”death”, but has different mutations. (VT41:11). 3) ind (inner thought, mind, meaning), no distinct pl. form;, coll. pl. innath. 4) nest (core, center), pl. nist. Also notice the prefix hû**- apparently meaning ”heart”..

* nest

noun. heart, core
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* felf

noun. feeling, sensation
Sindarin Group: Neologism. Published by

* nauth

thought

nauth (pl. noeth, coll. pl. nothath);

* ind

inner thought

ind (mind, meaning, heart), no distinct pl. form; coll. pl. innath

* ind

inner thought

ind (mind, meaning, heart), no distinct pl. form;, coll. pl. innath.

Telerin 

óre

noun. heart (inner mind)
Telerin [VT41/11.2104, VT41/11.2409, VT41/15.1206] Group: Eldamo. Published by

órë

noun. heart (inner mind)
Telerin [VT41/11; VT41/15] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

ind

noun. inner thought, meaning, heart
Noldorin [Ety/ID] Group: Eldamo. Published by

inn

noun. inner thought, meaning, heart
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

nest

noun. ?heart, core
Noldorin [WR/357] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nesta

noun. ?heart, core
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

nethra

noun. ?heart, core
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

hûn

noun. heart (physical)
Noldorin [Ety/KHŌ-N] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hûn

noun. heart (physical)
Noldorin [Ety/364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

nauth

noun. thought
Noldorin [Ety/NOWO; EtyAC/NOWO] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nauth

noun. thought
Noldorin [Ety/378, VT/46:6] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ind

noun. inner thought, meaning, heart
Noldorin [Ety/361, X/ND1] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

inn

noun. inner thought, meaning, heart
Noldorin [Ety/361, X/ND1] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

indō

noun. interior reflection or mind, the mind in its purposing faculty, the will, mood, heart
Primitive elvish [PE19/097; PE22/165] Group: Eldamo. Published by

khom

root. heart

@@@ KHON may remain as a Sindarin variant

Primitive elvish [PE19/097] Group: Eldamo. Published by

khom

root. heart
Primitive elvish [PE19/097.2603] Group: Eldamo. Published by

khōm

noun. heart
Primitive elvish [PE19/102; PE21/71] Group: Eldamo. Published by

in(id)

root. mind, (inner) thought, inmost heart, inner senses
Primitive elvish [PE17/145; PE17/155; PE17/189; UT/400; VT43/16] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ʒorē

noun. heart (inner mind)
Primitive elvish [VT41/11] Group: Eldamo. Published by

īdē

noun. heart, desire, wish
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

elben

noun. heart
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

elwen

noun. heart
Qenya [LT1A/Ilverin; LT2/202; PE15/23; QL/035; QL/052] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hir

noun. inwards, interior, inside, heart
Qenya [PE13/161] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hon(do)

noun. heart

Variations of the word: londa, hondo.

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
hond-stem-QL/040.8501
hondorplural*heartsPE15/32.0806
Qenya [QL/040.8501; QL/040.8502; PE16/137.2901; PE13/162.5403; QL/040.8601; PE15/32.0806; PE13/149.3606; PE13/162.4701] Group: Eldamo. Published by

honde

noun. heart
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

hondo

noun. heart
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

hon²

noun. heart, *hearts
Qenya [PE13/149; PE13/162; PE15/32; PE16/137; QL/040] Group: Eldamo. Published by

indo

noun. heart, mood
Qenya [Ety/ID; LR/072] Group: Eldamo. Published by

londa

noun. heart
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

mekte

noun. heart, center
Qenya [QL/060] Group: Eldamo. Published by

áma

noun. mind, heart, thought
Qenya [GL/62] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ir

noun. interior, centre, inwards, inner parts
Qenya [PE13/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hón

noun. heart (physical)
Qenya [Ety/KHŌ-N; LR/063; LR/072; PE21/19; PE21/23; PE21/52; PE21/62] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hont

adverb. inwards
Qenya [PE21/23; PE21/25] Group: Eldamo. Published by

int

adverb. inwards
Qenya [QL/042] Group: Eldamo. Published by

minta

preposition/adverb. inwards, (?into)
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

mitta

preposition/adverb. inwards, (?into)
Qenya [EtyAC/MI] Group: Eldamo. Published by

â

noun. mind, inner thought
Qenya [QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tendilea

adjective. feeling, sentimental
Qenya [QL/091] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tendile

noun. feeling, sentiment
Qenya [QL/091] Group: Eldamo. Published by

enne

noun. thought, purpose
Qenya [PE22/051] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mitya

adjective. interior
Qenya [Ety/MI] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

indo

noun. mood, heart
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ID; Ety/TUR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

khōn

noun. heart
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE21/55; PE21/64; PE21/66] Group: Eldamo. Published by

īdē

noun. heart, desire, wish
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ID; EtyAC/ID] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kho(n)

root. heart (physical)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GOR; Ety/KHŌ-N] Group: Eldamo. Published by

khon

root. heart (physical)

Variations of the word: KHŌ-N.

Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GOR.043; Ety/KHŌ-N.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

elf

noun. feeling, heart, heart
Gnomish [GL/32; LT2/202; PE15/23] Group: Eldamo. Published by

honn

noun. heart
Gnomish [GL/49] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ilf

noun. heart
Gnomish [GL/49; GL/50; LT1A/Ilverin] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ôm

noun. mind, heart, thought
Gnomish [GL/62] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ist

noun. feeling, sensation, notion
Gnomish [GL/52] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

gir

noun. interior, inwards, centre, inner parts, inside, heart
Early Noldorin [PE13/144; PE13/161] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lhonn

noun. heart
Early Noldorin [PE13/147; PE13/149; PE13/156; PE13/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nuin¹

noun. mind, thought
Early Noldorin [PE13/140; PE13/151] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

hono

root. *heart
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/040] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lefe¹

root. *heart
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/035; QL/052] Group: Eldamo. Published by