Quenya 

hastaina

adjective. marred

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
hasta-“to mar”
-ina“adjective suffix; passive participle”

Variations

  • Hastaina ✧ MR/254

hasta-

mar

hasta- vb. "mar"(verbal stem isolated from the passive participle hastaina "marred"). (MR:254)

hasta-

verb. to mar

Derivations

Element in

χarina

adjective. marred

Derivations

Element in

-na

suffix. slain

A shorter ending -na also occurs, e.g. nahtana "slain" (VT49:24); the example hastaina "marred" would suggest that *nahtaina is equally possible. In the example aistana "blessed" (VT43:30), -na may be preferred to -ina for euphonic reasons, to avoid creating a second diphthong ai where one already occurs in the previous syllable (*aistaina). In PE17:68, the ending -ina is said to be "aorist" (unmarked as regards time and aspect); the same source states that the shorter ending -na is "no longer part of verbal conjugation", though it obviously survives in many words that are maybe now to be considered independent adjectives. See -na #4.

harin

marred

*harin adj. "marred" (PE17:150). The word is given as χarin*, where the initial Greek chi presumably represents [x]; in later [MET] pronunciation and spelling, this would become harin**.

nanca

slain

nanca adj. *"slain" (PE17:68); see -na

-ina

general 'passive' participle

-ina ending for what Tolkien called "general 'passive' participle" (VT43:15); compare nótina "counted", rácina "broken", hastaina "marred" (q.v.). The stem-vowel is usually lengthened when the ending is added to the stem of a primary verb (as in the two first examples above), though the lengthening fails to occur (or is not denoted) in carina as the passive participle of car- "make, do" (VT43:15).

sahta

adjective. marred

Derivations

  • ᴹ√SAK “?hurt, injury”

Element in

Variations

  • Sahta ✧ MR/405

úvana

adjective. marred

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
ú-“no, not, un-, in-; hard, difficult, bad, uneasy; hardly, with difficulty, ‘badly’”
vanya“fair, beautiful, unmarred; fair-haired (yellow to golden), fair, beautiful, unmarred; fair-haired (yellow to golden); [ᴱQ.] good (not evil), holy”

Variations

  • Úvana ✧ PE17/150
Quenya [PE17/149; PE17/150] Group: Eldamo. Published by

harina Reconstructed

adjective. marred