Noldorin 

gwath

noun. shade, shadow, dim light

Noldorin [Ety/397, S/432] Group: SINDICT. Published by

gwath

noun. stain

Noldorin [Ety/397, S/432] Group: SINDICT. Published by

gwath

noun. shade

Cognates

  • Ilk. gwath “shade” ✧ Ety/WATH

Derivations

  • On. watha “shade” ✧ Ety/WATH
    • ᴹ√WATH “shade” ✧ Ety/WATH

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. watha > gwath[waθa] > [gwaθa] > [gwaθ]✧ Ety/WATH

Variations

  • gwath ✧ Ety/WATH
Noldorin [Ety/DYEL; Ety/WATH] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwath

noun. stain

Derivations

  • On. watte “a stain” ✧ Ety/WAƷ
    • ᴹ✶wahtē “a stain” ✧ Ety/WAƷ
    • ᴹ√WAƷ “stain, soil” ✧ Ety/WAƷ

Element in

  • N. Iarwath “Blood-stained” ✧ Ety/WAƷ

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. watte > gwath[watte] > [wattʰe] > [waθθe] > [gwaθθe] > [gwaθθ] > [gwaθ]✧ Ety/WAƷ

Variations

  • gwath ✧ Ety/WAƷ

gwaew

noun. wind

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. vaiwa “wind” ✧ Ety/WĀ

Derivations

  • ᴹ√WAIWA “blow” ✧ Ety/WĀ
    • ᴹ√ “blow” ✧ Ety/WĀ

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√WAIWA > gwaew[waiwa] > [gwaiwa] > [gwaiw] > [gwaew]✧ Ety/WĀ

gwaew

noun. wind

Noldorin [Ety/387] Group: SINDICT. Published by

gwass

noun. stain

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. vakse “stain” ✧ Ety/WAƷ

Derivations

  • On. wasse “stain” ✧ Ety/WAƷ
    • ᴹ✶wahsē “stain” ✧ Ety/WAƷ
    • ᴹ√WAƷ “stain, soil” ✧ Ety/WAƷ

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. wasse > gwass[wasse] > [gwasse] > [gwass]✧ Ety/WAƷ

gwass

noun. stain

Noldorin [Ety/397] Group: SINDICT. Published by

heltha-

verb. to strip, to strip, *flay, peel skin; *to despoil, make bare

Changes

  • halthaheltha “strip” ✧ Ety/SKEL

Cognates

  • ᴺQ. helta- “to strip, bar, peel; *to despoil, denude”

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶skelta- “to strip” ✧ Ety/SKEL
    • ᴹ√SKEL “*strip” ✧ Ety/SKEL
  • On. skhalta- “to strip” ✧ EtyAC/SKEL
    • ᴹ√SKEL “*strip” ✧ EtyAC/SKEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶skelta- > heltha[skelta-] > [skeltʰa-] > [skelθa-] > [sxelθa-] > [xelθa-] > [helθa-]✧ Ety/SKEL
On. skhalta- > haltha[sxalta-] > [sxaltʰa-] > [sxalθa-] > [xalθa-] > [halθa-]✧ EtyAC/SKEL

Variations

  • heltha ✧ Ety/SKEL
  • helta ✧ EtyAC/SKEL
  • haltha ✧ EtyAC/SKEL (haltha)
Noldorin [Ety/SKEL; EtyAC/SKEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dae

noun. shadow

Noldorin [Ety/354, S/430] Group: SINDICT. Published by

daew

noun. shadow

lhum

noun. shade

A word appearing as N. lhum “shade” in The Etymologies of the 1930s, derived from the root ᴹ√LUM, most notably an element in the name N. Hithlum (Ety/LUM). It was the cognate of ᴹQ. lumbe, and thus derived from primitive ✱lumbē, which explains why the final m survived as a reduction of mb.

Conceptual Development: The earliest iteration of this word was G. lôm {“pool, sl...” >>} “gloom, shade” from the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s, based on primitive ᴱ✶lou̯me (GL/54) and probably derived from the early root ᴱ√LOMO as suggested by Christopher Tolkien (LT1A/Hisilómë). In this early document, G. lum or glum was “a cloud” (GL/55), likely a derivative of ᴱ√LUVU for “✱dark weather” as also suggested by Christopher Tolkien (LT1A/Luvier). In Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s Tolkien had ᴱN. {lom >>} lhom “shadow” (PE13/149). This became N. lhum “shade” in The Etymologies, as noted above.

Neo-Sindarin: In later writings, Hithlum was designated North Sindarin and its final element was based on a loan from Q. lómë “dusk”, with the m surviving only because it was from the North dialect (PE17/133; WJ/400). However, the root √LUM “shadow, darkness” also survived in later writings (PE17/168), so I think N. lhum “shade” can be salvaged, though if adapted to Neo-Sindarin it would need to become ᴺS. lum as suggested in HSD (HSD). Given the later use of Q. lumbo for “(dark) cloud”, I think the Gnomish sense G. lum “[dark] cloud” can be salvaged as well.

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. lumbe “gloom, shadow” ✧ Ety/LUM

Derivations

  • ᴹ√LUM “*shadow” ✧ Ety/LUM

Element in

  • N. Hithlum “Land of Mist, (lit.) Mist-and-Dusk” ✧ Ety/LUM
  • N. lhumren “shady” ✧ Ety/LUM

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√LUM > lhum[lumbe] > [lumbe] > [lumb] > [l̥umb] > [l̥umb] > [l̥umm] > [l̥um]✧ Ety/LUM

lhum

noun. shade

Noldorin [Ety/370, X/LH] Group: SINDICT. Published by

mael

noun/adjective. stained

Noldorin [Ety/386] Group: SINDICT. Published by

mael

noun/adjective. stain

Noldorin [Ety/386] Group: SINDICT. Published by

hmael

noun/adjective. stain

Noldorin [Ety/386] Group: SINDICT. Published by

hmael

noun/adjective. stained

Noldorin [Ety/386] Group: SINDICT. Published by