An unglossed and deleted root in The Etymologies of the 1930s, an extension of ᴹ√GOR that provided an etymology for ᴹQ. Orome (EtyAC/GÓROM). After the rejection of this root, ᴹQ. Orome was redefined as a derivative of ᴹ√(O)ROM “loud noise, horn blast”.
root. violence, impetus, haste
- ᴹ✶gor “vigour” ✧ Ety/TUG
- ᴹ√ÑGOROTH “horror” ✧ Ety/ÑGOROTH
- ᴹQ. orme “haste, violence, wrath, rushing” ✧ Ety/GOR; Ety/KHOR
- ᴹQ. orna “hasty” ✧ Ety/GOR
- N. gorf “impetus, vigour” ✧ Ety/GOR
- N. gorn “impetuous” ✧ Ety/GOR
- ᴹ√GOR “violence, impetus, haste” ✧ EtyAC/GOR
A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “dread” with two variations: ᴹ√GOS and ᴹ√GOTH (Ety/GOS). It was an element in quite a few names in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, such as ᴹQ. Mandos “Dread Imprisoner” (Ety/MBAD), ᴹQ. Osse (Ety/GOS), N. Gothmog (Ety/MBAW), N. Tauros “Forest-Dread” (Ety/TÁWAR), and N. Dor-Daideloth “Land of the Shadow of Dread” (LR/405), the last of these containing N. deloth “abhorrence, detestation, loathing” = ᴹ√DYEL + ᴹ√GOTH (Ety/DYEL).
In Tolkien’s later writings, many of these names were given new forms or etymologies: Q. Mandos “Castle of Custody” = mando + osto (MR/350); Q. Ossë as an adaptation of his Valarin name Oš(o)šai (WJ/400); S. Tauron “Forester” (PM/358). This calls into question whether ᴹ√GOS or ᴹ√GOTH survived as a root. It does have a few useful derivatives for the purposes of Neo-Eldarin, however, such as N. gosta- “fear exceedingly”.
GOROS→ GOS ✧ Ety/GOS
- ᴹ✶angosse “horror” ✧ Ety/GOS
- ᴹ✶Gothombauk- ✧ Ety/MBAW
- ᴹQ. Mandos “(Dread) Imprisoner” ✧ Ety/MBAD; Ety/MBAD
- N. Bannos “Mandos, Dread Imprisoner” ✧ Ety/MBAD
- N. deloth “abhorrence, detestation, loathing” ✧ Ety/DYEL
- N. Oeros “Osse”
- N. Gothmog “Voice of Goth” ✧ Ety/GOS
- N. Tauros “Lord of Forests; (lit.) Forest-Dread” ✧ Ety/TÁWAR
- GOTH ✧ Ety/DYEL; Ety/GOS; Ety/KOT; Ety/ÑGOROTH
- GOROS ✧ EtyAC/GOS (
- ᴹ√GOR “violence, impetus, haste” ✧ Ety/ÑGOROTH
- ÑGÓROTH ✧ Ety/ÑGOROTH
- ÑGOR-OT ✧ EtyAC/GOS
- N. angos “horror” ✧ EtyAC/GOS; EtyAC/GOS
- añgoss- ✧ EtyAC/GOS
- añgosse ✧ EtyAC/GOS (
A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “fear” (Ety/GÁYAS). One of its derivatives, N. gaer “dreadful” (< ᴹ✶gaisrā), was given a new etymology in the Quendi and Eldar essay of 1959-60, where S. gaer “awful, fearful” was derived from ✶gairā (WJ/400). However, it is conceivable that √GAYAS could have survived as an extension of the later root √GAY “astound, make aghast”.
- GÁYAS ✧ Ety/GÁYAS
- GAISA ✧ PE18/039
- ᴹQ. ilqa “everything, all” ✧ Ety/IL