Quenya 

elda

noun. Elf, Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk, Elven, one of the Star-folk, Elves in general

The most common Quenya word for “Elf”. Its literal meaning is “one of the Star-folk” (WJ/374), a name given to them by Oromë (S/49) and derived from the same primitive root √EL as Q. elen “star”. Strictly speaking, this term excludes the Avari who chose not to journey to Valinor, so that the proper term for all of Elvenkind is Q. Quendë “one of the Elven race”. The Elves of the West rarely encountered the Avari, however, so that term Elda was ordinarily broad enough to describe all Elves.

Conceptual Development: This word dates back to the earliest stages of Tolkien’s languages. At its first appearance, ᴱQ. Elda was glossed “a beach-fay” (QL/35), but was soon extended to describe all Elves (LT1/113). In Tolkien’s earliest writings the word was not given a clear etymology. In the Lhammas “Account of Tongues” from the 1930s (LR/168-180), Tolkien gave ᴹQ. Elda the sense of “one who departed” (LR/169), as opposed to the ᴹQ. Lembi “Lingerers” who remained behind (precursors of the Avari). With this sense, Elda was derived from ᴹ√LED “go, fare, travel” (Ety/LED).

Tolkien soon revised the etymology of Elda so that it was derived instead from ᴹ√ELED “star-folk” (Ety/ELED). In some later writings, he considered both etymologies of this word to be valid, so that Elda was blending of both “star-folk” (from √EL) and Q. Eldo “marcher” (from √LED or √DEL¹), as discussed in the “Quendi and Eldar” essay from 1959-60 and elsewhere (WJ/362-3, PE17/139). However, the sense “star-folk” is probably better known.

In some notes from 1957, Tolkien considered deriving this word from a variant root √DEL² “fair” so that its meaning would be “the fair” (PE17/151), but this seems to have been a transient idea.

Quenya [Let/198.2307; Let/281.2205; LotR/1127.2905; LotR/1137.2308; LotRI/Eldar.001; LRI/Edhil.002; MRI/Eldar.001; MRI/Eldar.004; PE17/045.1001; PE17/056.1103; PE17/057.1008; PE17/114.1202; PE17/135.2402; PE17/135.2414; PE17/139.1302; PE17/139.1907; PE17/139.1907-2; PE17/151.1208; PE17/152.0606; PE17/152.0606-2; PE17/189.4007-1; PE21/73.1713; PE21/73.1908; PE21/77.1605; PE21/77.3111; PE21/77.3209; PE21/77.3214; PE22/155.3408; PM/029.3606; PM/346.4003-1; PM/395.1404; PM/403.0810; PMI/Eldar.001; PMI/Eldar.004; RC/217.1306; RC/780.1604; RC/780.1607; S/049.3102; S/049.3201; SA/êl.071; SA/êl.079; SI/Eldar.001; SI/High Elves.004; TII/Eldar.001; UTI/Eldanna.017; UTI/Eldar.017; VT49/08.2401; VT49/08.3505; VT49/08.3705; WJ/362.2702; WJ/362.2711; WJ/364.0202; WJ/364.0203; WJ/368.4002; WJ/369.0201; WJ/369.0205; WJ/369.1110; WJ/369.1201; WJ/373.0202; WJ/374.1701; WJ/374.3304; WJ/375.3810; WJ/407.2109; WJ/407.2203; WJI/Eldar.001; WJI/Eldar.004; WRI/Eldar.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noldo

noun. Noldo

Noldo, Gnome

Quenya [PE 18:40 PE 19:76] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

Sindarin 

edel

edel

. This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:140] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edel

edel

pl1. edil n.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:142] < _etelō_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhel

noun. Elf
Sindarin [LRI/Edhil.001; PE17/045.0905; PE17/097.2003; PE17/097.3101; PE17/097.3102; PE17/139.2809; PE17/139.2811; PE17/139.2812; PE17/141.0201; PE17/151.1210; PE17/152.0806; PE17/152.0808; PM/346.4001-1; RC/780.1711; RGEO/62.3603; SA/edhel.001; SA/edhel.010; SA/êl.081; SA/êl.083; SI/Sindar.121; SI/Sindar.123; UT/255.2301; UT/318.4109; UTI/Edhelrim.001; UTI/Edhelrim.006; WJ/364.1302; WJ/364.1304; WJ/364.2707; WJ/377.3002; WJ/377.3004; WJ/377.3807; WJ/378.0207; WJ/378.2806-2; WJI/Edhel.001; WJI/Edhel.003] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. Elf
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

ell

noun. Elf
Sindarin [Let/281.3109; PE17/141.0601; PE17/141.0703; PE17/152.1006; VT50/15.0503; VT50/19.1503; VT50/23.0107; WJ/363.0502; WJ/363.0608; WJ/363.0611; WJ/363.0702; WJ/364.1607; WJ/364.1904; WJ/364.2409; WJ/364.2411; WJ/377.3706; WJ/377.4102; WJ/377.4104; WJ/412.2005-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penedh

noun. Elf
Sindarin [PE17/140.1905; PE17/141.0302-2; PE17/141.0303] Group: Eldamo. Published by

golodh

noun. Noldo, one of the wise folk, Noldo, the Wise
Sindarin [MR/350.1702; PE17/126.2302-1; PE17/126.2306; PE17/126.2309; PE17/153.0706; PM/360.0704; S/238.2105; SA/golodh.001; SA/golodh.012; SA/golodh.014; SA/rim.015; SI/Golodhrim.001; SI/Golodhrim.004; SI/Noldor.025; WJ/364.3401; WJ/364.3403; WJ/379.0403; WJ/379.0405; WJ/383.2912; WJ/383.2913; WJI/Golodh.001; WJI/Golodh.003; WJI/Golodh.004; WJI/Noldor.014] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* golodh

noldo

(one of the Noldor) Golodh (i **Ngolodh = i Ñolodh, o N**golodh = o Ñgolodh), pl. Gelydh (in Gelydh = i Ñgelydh), coll. pl. Golodhrim. While Golodh is the actual Sindarin cognate of Quenya Noldo, the Noldor themselves apparently found this form unpleasing (WJ:379) and preferred the word Gódhel (i **Ódhel), pl. Gódhil (i Ngódhil = i Ñódhil), coll. pl. Gódhellim. Also Ódhel, pl. Ódhil, coll. pl. Ódhelllim** (WJ:364, 378-9). Adj.

Telerin 

ella

noun/adjective. Elf
Telerin [WJ/362.3502; WJ/364.0608; WJ/375.3504; WJI/Eldar.014] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ello

noun. Elf
Telerin [WJ/362.3507; WJ/364.0602; WJ/364.1002; WJ/373.0206; WJ/375.3502; WJ/376.0105; WJI/Eldar.013; WJI/Eldar.016] Group: Eldamo. Published by

goldo

noun. Noldo
Telerin [PM/360.0702; WJ/383.2910; WJI/Goldo.001; WJI/Noldor.015] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Nandorin 

* edel

noun. Elda, High-elf

Stated in the Etymologies to be derived from a stem ÉLED (LR:356), defined as "Star-folk"; Tolkien points out that Doriathrin and Danian used a "transposed" form, clearly referring to the sounds L and D changing place. In Etym the development is apparently meant to be eledâ (this primitive form is explicitly given in Letters:281) > edela > edel. Later Tolkien reconstructed the primitive form of Quenya Elda as eldâ (WJ:360); whether this could regularly yield Nandorin edel is doubtful, unless final -ld metathesized to -dl and a vowel developed to break up this final cluster.

In Etym, Tolkien first gave the Nandorin form as elda, then changed it. *Eledâ could not yield elda, since final is regularly lost in Nandorin. Since in this word we do not see loss of the second of two identical vowels (compare golda), we must conclude that final -a was lost before this could happen.

Nandorin [H. Fauskanger (Letters:281, LR:356)] < ÉLED. Published by

* golda

adjective. noldo

The primitive form of Quenya Noldo (and hence also Nandorin golda) is given in WJ:364, 380 as ñgolodô. This example demonstrates that in Nandorin, like in Quenya, the second of two identical vowels in adjacent syllables is lost in words that had another syllable following the lost vowel. This word alone provides a clear example of the change of primitive final _-ô to -a_. The form golda also suggests that in Nandorin as in Sindarin, the original initial nasalized stops ñg, nd, mb were simplified to g, d, b, though examples for d and b are lacking in our very small corpus. The stems involved are found in LR:377: ÑGOL "wise" and the extended form ÑGOLOD "one of the wise folk". Ñgolodô is thus either formed from ÑGOL by ómataina (suffixed base-vowel), suffixed D and the nominal (often masculine or agental) ending , alternatively simply the longer ending -dô (of similar meaning) suffixed to the ómataina-form of the stem ÑGOL (sc. ñgolo-).

Nandorin [H. Fauskanger (WJ:364, 377, 380)] < ÑGOL/ÑGOLOD. Published by

Adûnaic

nimir

noun. Elf, Elf, (lit.) Shining One

A noun translated “Elf” (WJ/419) and fully declined as an example of a Strong I noun (SD/436). In one place, its plural Nimrî was translated “Shining Ones” (SD/358), which indicates was probably derived from the Primitive Adûnaic root √NIMIR.

Conceptual Development: In its earliest appearances from the 1940s, this noun had the plural form Nimrî (SD/358, 388) as opposed to later plural Nimîr (SD/388, 436), which could indicate either an earlier singular form Nimri or a variant syntax for draft-plural formation. The word also appears in Tolkien’s “Quendi and Eldar” essay from 1959-60 (WJ/386), indicating that this word survived in Tolkien’s later conception of Adûnaic.

Adûnaic [SD/358.3909; SD/388.0701; SD/388.0703; SD/389.07071; SD/414.0613; SD/436.3008; SD/436.3304; SD/436.3404; SD/436.3503; SD/436.3604; SD/436.3705; SD/436.3804; SDI2/Nimrî.001; SDI2/Nimrî.008; WJ/386.0807; WJ/419.1106; WJI/Nimîr.001; WJI/Nimîr.006] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

edhel

noun. firstborn, eldest
Noldorin [EtyAC/EDE.022] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eledh

noun. Elf, Star-folk, Elf
Noldorin [Ety/ELED.010; Ety/ELED.046; Ety/ELED.048; Ety/ELED.050; Ety/KWEN(ED).019; Ety/LÁYAK.017-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penedh

noun. Elf
Noldorin [Ety/KWEN(ED).008; Ety/KWEN(ED).010; Ety/KWEN(ED).016; EtyAC/SET.019] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penn

noun. Elf
Noldorin [EtyAC/MOR.062-2; PE22/067.0608; PE22/067.0618; PE22/067.0620] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

edelā

noun. Elf, the fair
Primitive elvish [PE17/139.1611; PE17/151.1201; PE17/151.1205] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eled

root. Star-Folk, Elf
Primitive elvish [PE18/084.3508; PE18/084.4006] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

qende

noun. Elf
Qenya [Ety/KWEN(ED).005; LR/119.1709; LR/168.2103; LR/212.3104; LRI/Qendi.002; MRI/Quendi.002; PE18/023.0313; PE21/69.0907; SM/085.0202; SM/086.1102; SMI/Quendi.007; TII/Qendi.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qende

noun. Elf
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

elda

noun. Elf, beach-fay
Qenya [GG/13.0509; GL/32.2303; LBI/Eldar.001; LT1/114.2909; LT1/235.0907; LT1/235.1205; LT1A/Eldamar.081; LT1A/Eldar.001; LT1A/Eldar.004; LT1I/Eldar.001; LT1I/Eldar.003; LT2A/Eglamar.056; LT2I/Eldar.001; PE13/099.0601; PE13/155.1601; PE14/009.0301; PE14/047.1112; PE14/047.1114; PE14/047.1714; PE14/050.2202; PE14/050.2207; PE14/079.2405; PE14/079.2409; PE14/079.2705; PE14/083.3211; PE14/083.3215; PE14/083.3602; PE14/084.0313; PE15/23.6505; PE15/61.1103; PE15/62.0507; PE15/62.0509; PE15/71.6303; QL/035.2901; QL/043.2601; WJI/Egla.005] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qen

noun. Elf
Qenya [PE21/19.2605; PE21/19.3505; PE21/25.0202; PE21/25.0401; PE21/25.0402; PE21/25.0403; PE21/25.0404; PE21/25.0405; PE21/25.0406; PE21/25.0407; PE21/25.0408; PE21/25.0505; PE21/25.0506; PE21/25.0601; PE21/25.0602; PE21/25.0801; PE21/25.0802; PE21/25.0803; PE21/25.0804; PE21/25.0805; PE21/25.0806; PE21/25.1001; PE21/25.1002; PE21/25.1201; PE21/25.1202; PE21/25.1203; PE21/25.1204; PE21/25.1205; PE21/25.1206; PE21/25.1401; PE21/25.1402; PE21/25.1403; PE21/25.1404; PE21/25.1405; PE21/25.1503; PE21/25.1809; PE21/25.2103; PE21/25.2114; PE21/25.2205; PE21/25.2614; PE21/25.2701; PE21/25.2702; PE21/25.2703; PE21/25.2704; PE21/25.2705; PE21/25.2709; PE21/25.2902] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qen

noun. Elf
Qenya [GL/32.2403; LRI/Qendi.001; LT1/235.0705; LT1I/Qendi.001; PE13/099.1201; PE13/146.7204; PE13/146.7206; PE14/009.1612; PE14/009.1701; QL/092.1403; SM/013.1107; SM/168.3303] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

cwend

noun. Elf

A Doriathrin noun meaning “Elf” derived from primitive ᴹ✶kwenedē (EtyAC/KWEN(ED)), an example of the Ilkorin syncope.

Conceptual Development: This word is nearly identical to earlier Gnomish Cwenn “Elf” before Tolkien revised the phonological history of the Noldorin language so that [kw] became [p].

Doriathrin [EtyAC/KWEN(ED).007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eld

noun. Star-folk, Elf

A rejected Doriathrin word for “Elf”, a derivation of the root ᴹ√ELED and a direct cognate of ᴹQ. Elda, also appearing in its plural form Eldin (Ety/ELED). It was replaced by Ilk. Egla derived from the inverted form of the root: ᴹ✶edel[a].

Doriathrin [Ety/ELED.060; Ety/ELED.062] Group: Eldamo. Published by

egla

noun. Star-folk, Elf

A Doriathrin word for “Elf” (Ety/ELED), also attested in its class-plural form Eglath which was marked as both Doriathrin (Ety/ELED) and Ilkorin (Ety/GAT(H), LED). This word developed from the inverted primitive form ᴹ✶edel[a] of the root ᴹ√ELED (Ety/ELED). First the middle [e] was lost because of the Ilkorin syncope, after which the resulting [dl] became [gl].

This word was a frequent element in Ilkorin names. As noted by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Doriathrin/Eglador), ordinarily the primitive final [a] would be lost in Ilkorin. Perhaps it was preserved in Ilk. Egla by analogy with the various names where it appeared, or perhaps Egla was actually the genitival form (of unattested *Egol as Ilk. legol) with the suffix -a(n).

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, G. Egla was the Gnomish word for “Elf”. In The Etymologies from the 1930s, Tolkien first wrote Ilk. Eld for “Elf”, derived from the uninverted form of the root. This was rejected in favor of Ilk. Egla, perhaps an attempt to preserve the earlier Gnomish form.

Doriathrin [Ety/ELED.086; Ety/ELED.087; Ety/GAT(H).025; Ety/LED.047] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Ossriandric

edel

noun. Elf, Star-folk, Elf

A noun for “Elf” derived from primitive ᴹ✶edel-, an inversion of the primitive root ᴹ√ELED (Ety/ELED). Unlike most similar Danian nouns, it did not undergo the Danian syncope and retained its second vowel. One possible explanation is that the primitive form of this noun ended in a short vowel, *✶edelă, and this short final vowel vanished before the period of the syncope, preventing it from occurring in this word. Helge Fauskanger originally suggested a theory much like this one (AL-Nandorin/edel).

Conceptual Development: In an earlier version of this entry, the Danian word for Elf was given as Elda (Ety/ELED).

Ossriandric [Ety/ELED.064; Ety/ELED.092] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cwenda

noun. Elf

A noun for “Elf” developed from primitive ᴹ✶kwenedē (Ety/KWEN(ED)). It is an example of the Danian syncope, with second unstressed [e] vanishing after the identical vowel. It is also one of the Danian words for which a long final vowel developed into short final [a].

Ossriandric [Ety/KWEN(ED).012] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

edel

root. star-folk
Middle Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

edel-

noun. Star-folk, Elf
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ELED.083] Group: Eldamo. Published by

edēlā

noun. firstborn, eldest
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/EDE.007; EtyAC/EDE.018] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ede(l)

root. precede, come forward, hence
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/EDE.001; EtyAC/EDE.002; EtyAC/NŌ.044; EtyAC/NŌ.045] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kwen(ed)

root. Elf
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KWEN(ED).001; PE18/034.0404; PE18/061.1413] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kwenedē

noun. Elf
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KWEN(ED).003; PE19/057.1301; PE19/059.0217; PE19/059.0301; PE21/25.1911; PE21/25.2206; PE21/69.0906] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eled

root. Star-Folk, Elves
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/EL.043; Ety/ELED.033; Ety/LED.051; Ety/RIS².029; PE18/034.0405; PE18/034.0410; PE18/061.1414; PE18/061.1502] Group: Eldamo. Published by

el(ed)

root. star, starry sky, star-folk, Elf
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/EL.001; Ety/EL.022; Ety/EL.043; Ety/ELED.033; Ety/LED.051; Ety/RIG.051; Ety/RIS².029; Ety/ROD.052; PE18/034.0405; PE18/034.0410; PE18/061.1414; PE18/061.1502] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* eledā

noun. Star-folk, Elf
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE21/64.0208; PE21/64.0214; PE21/64.3701; PE21/64.3904; PE21/64.3905; SD/358.3804; SD/401.3410; SDI2/Eledâi.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

cwenn

noun. Elf
Gnomish [GL/28.6301; GL/28.6707; GL/32.2405; GL/32.2904; PE13/099.1207; PE14/009.1702] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

idhel

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

egol

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwenn

noun. Elf
Early Noldorin [PE13/146.6901; PE13/146.7103; PE13/146.7201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ileth

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

uidhol

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

uigol

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by