Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Noldorin


noun. skull, skull, [G.] head

A noun appearing as G. cas “head, skull” in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s, where Tolkien said it was “only used of physical head of bodies” (GL/25). It was clearly derived from the early root ᴱ√KASA “head” (QL/31). The word ᴱN. cas “skull” reappeared in Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s (PE13/140). Given the tendency of non-initial s to vanish in later iterations of the language (something that was not a feature of Gnomish of the 1910s), Tolkien likely abandoned this word; in The Etymologies of the 1930s, ᴹ√KAS “head” had no Noldorin derivatives (Ety/KAS).


  • ᴱ√KASA “head”
Early Noldorin [PE13/140] Group: Eldamo. Published by


noun. head


  • naulnod “head” ✧ PE13/150
  • naulnod “head” ✧ PE13/151


  • naul ✧ PE13/150 (naul); PE13/151 (naul)
Early Noldorin [PE13/150; PE13/151] Group: Eldamo. Published by