Quenya 

vaina

clad

vaina (1) adj. "clad" (LT1:272)

-ima

fair

-ima adjectival suffix. Sometimes it is used to derive simple adjectives, like vanima "fair" or calima "bright"; it can also take on the meaning "-able" (PE17:68), as in mátima "edible" (mat- "eat"), nótima "countable" (not- "count") and (with a negative prefix) úquétima "unspeakable" (from quet- "speak"). Note that the stem-vowel is normally lengthened in the derivatives where -ima means "-able", though this fails to occur in cenima "visible" (q.v., but contrast hraicénima, q.v.) and also before a consonant cluster as in úfantima "not concealable" (PE17:176). "X-ima" may mean "apt to X" (when the ending is added to an intransitive verbal stem), as in Fírimar "mortals", literally "those apt to die" (WJ:387). The adj. úfantima "not concealable" (PE17:176) also appears as úfantuma (PE17:180), indicating the existence of a variant ending -uma (possibly used to derive adjectives with a "bad" meaning; compare the ending *-unqua next to -inqua, q.v.)

alima

adjective. fair, good
Quenya [PE17/146] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alya

adjective. fair, good, *[ᴹQ.] rich, *prosperous, *abundant, *blessed, *[Q.] fair
Quenya [PE17/146] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vanima¹

adjective. beautiful, fair, *[ᴱQ.] proper, *right, *as it should be
Quenya [PE17/055; PE17/056; PE17/057; PE17/143; PE17/149; PE17/150; PE17/165; PE22/156; VT39/14] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vanya

adjective. fair, beautiful, unmarred, fair-haired (yellow to golden), *[ᴱQ.] good (not evil), *holy
Quenya [PE17/056; PE17/057; PE17/149; PE17/150; PE17/154; PE17/165] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vanya

fair

vanya (1) adj. "fair" (FS), "beautiful" (BAN), a word referring to beauty that is "due to lack of fault, or blemish" (PE17:150), hence Arda Vanya as an alternative to Arda Alahasta for "Arda Unmarred" (ibid., compare MR:254). Nominal pl. Vanyar "the Fair", the first clan of the Eldar; the original meaning of this stem was "pale, light-coloured, not brown or dark" (WJ:382, 383, stem given as WAN), "properly = white complexion and blonde hair" (PE17:154, stem given as GWAN); stems BAN vs. WAN discussed, see PE17:150.

vanë

adjective. fair, *[ᴱQ.] lovely
Quenya [PE17/056] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vanë

fair

vanë adj. "fair" (LT1:272; in Tolkien's later Quenya rather vanya)

wenya

adjective. fair, beautiful
Quenya [PE17/191] Group: Eldamo. Published by

calwa

beautiful

calwa ("k") adj. "beautiful" (LT1:254)

mairëa

beautiful

mairëa adj. "beautiful" (of things made by art) (PE17:163). An alternative (and peculiar) form "mairia" is also implied in the source.

mirya

adjective. beautiful, lovely (of works of art only)
Quenya [PE17/165] Group: Eldamo. Published by

míra

adjective. beautiful, lovely
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

mírya

beautiful

mírya adj. "beautiful" (of work of art only) (PE17:165)

vanima

adjective. beautiful
Quenya [PE 22:156] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

alima

fair, good

alima adj. "fair, good" (also alya) (PE17:146)

linda

fair, beautiful

linda adj. "fair, beautiful" (of sound) (SLIN, LIND; VT45:27), "soft, gentle, light" (PE16:96), "beautiful, sweet, melodious of sound" (PE17:150); for Linda as a noun, see Lindar.

Amarië

good

Amarië fem. name; perhaps derived from mára "good" with prefixing of the stem-vowel and the feminine ending - (Silm)

vanima

beautiful, fair

vanima adj. "beautiful, fair" (BAN, VT39:14) (glossed "proper, right, fair" in early "Qenya", LT1:272, though a later source says the word is used "only of living things, especially Elves and Men", PE17:150); nominal pl. vanimar "beautiful ones", partitive pl. genitive vanimálion, translated "of beautiful children", but literally meaning *"of [some] beautiful ones") (LotR3:VI ch. 6, translated in Letters:308). Arwen vanimalda "Beautiful Arwen", literally "Arwen your beauty" (see -lda for reference; changed to Arwen vanimelda in the second edition of LotR; see vanimelda).

alya

fair, good

alya (1) adj. "fair, good" (PE17:146), "prosperous, rich, abundant, blessed" (GALA). In a deleted entry in Etym, the glosses provided were "rich, blessed"; another deleted entry defined alya as "rich, prosperous, blessed". (GALA, [ÁLAM], VT42:32, 45:5, 14)

mára

adjective. good, proper, *[ᴹQ.] useful, *fit, *good (of things), *[ᴱQ.] excellent, *mighty, *power, *doughty
Quenya [PE17/016; PE17/057; PE17/058; PE17/059; PE17/074; PE17/093; PE17/147; PE17/162; PE17/172; PE22/154; PE22/166; VT42/33; VT49/12; VT49/15; VT49/30] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ala-

good

ala- (3), also al-, a prefix expressing "good" or "well" (PE17:146), as in alaquenta (q.v.) Whether Tolkien imagined this ending to coexist with the negative prefix of the same form (#2 above) is unclear and perhaps dubious.

mára

adjective. good
Quenya [PE 22:154, 166] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

* vaina²

adjective. clad

@@@ used in NQNT

Quenya Group: Neologism. Published by

Sindarin 

bain

adjective. fair, beautiful, fair-haired, good, wholesome, favorable
Sindarin [PE17/150; PE17/154; PE17/155; PE17/165; PE17/191] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bain

fair

_ adj. _fair, good, blessed, wholesome, favourable, without evil/bad element, not dangerous, evil or hostile. bân or bain << bân pl. bain. >> bân

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:150] < BAN beauty, with implication that it is due to _lack of fault_ or _blemish_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

bain

wenya

Q. wenya. >> bein. This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:191] < _gwenyā_ < GWEN fair, beautiful (prob. originally fresh, fair, unblemished esp. of beauty of youth). Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

bain

good

_ adj. _good, wholesome, blessed, fair (esp. of weather). . This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:149] < ƀan fair. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

bain

adjective. beautiful, fair
Sindarin [Ety/351, Ety/359, X/EI] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

bain

beautiful

_ adj. _beautiful. Q. vanya.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:165] < _banya_ < BAN fair, beautiful. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

bain

fair-haired

_ adj. _fair-haired. Q. vanya. . This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:154] < GWAN fair, beautiful (properly = white complexion and blonde hair). Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

baen

fair-haired

_ adj. _fair-haired. Q. _waina late vaina_ blonde, fair of hair. . This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:155] < GWAY. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

bein

wenya

Q. wenya. >> bain. This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:191] < _gwenyā_ < GWEN fair, beautiful (prob. originally fresh, fair, unblemished esp. of beauty of youth). Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

bân

adjective. fair

_ adj. _fair, good, wholesome, favourable, not dangerous, evil or hostile. bân or bain << bân pl. bain. >> bain

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:150] < BAN beauty, with implication that it is due to _lack of fault_ or _blemish_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

bân

adjective. fair, good, wholesome, favorable
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwain

adjective. fair

adj. fair. . This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:140] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

dail

adjective. beautiful, fine, delicate, lovely
Sindarin [PE17/139; PE17/151] Group: Eldamo. Published by

deil

adjective. beautiful, fine, delicate, lovely
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwân

adjective. fair

_ adj. _fair, pale.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:165] < _gwan_ < GWAN pale, fair. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

maer

adjective. good, excellent, fair, *[N.] useful, *fit, *good (of things)
Sindarin [PE17/162; PE17/163; PE17/172] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ma

interjection. good, excellent, that’s right
Sindarin [PE17/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ma

adjective. good

_ adj. _good. Archaic and obsolete except as interjection 'good, excellent, that's right'.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:162] < *_magā_ < MAGA to thrive, be in good state. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

fael

adjective. fair minded, just, generous
Sindarin [PM/352] Etym. "having a good fëa". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

maer

good

_ adj. _good.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:162] < MAY. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

maer

good

adj. good, proper, excellent. Q. mára good, proper, Q. maira excellent. >> mae-. This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:172] < (A)MAY suitable, useful, prosper, serviceable, right. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

* bain

beautiful

bain (fair). Lenited vain. No distinct pl. form.

* bain

fair

bain (beautiful). Lenited vain. No distinct pl. form.

* lind²

adjective. fair
Sindarin [RC/587] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* hammen

adjective. clad
Sindarin Group: Neologism. Published by

* maer

good

_(”useful” of things _ not of moral qualities) maer (lenited vaer, no distinct pl. form) (fit, useful). For ”good” as an adjective describing human qualities, the word fael ”fair-minded, just, generous” may be considered.

Noldorin 

bein

adjective. fair, beautiful
Noldorin [Ety/BAN; Ety/GWEN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bein

adjective. beautiful, fair
Noldorin [Ety/351, Ety/359, X/EI] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

bani

adjective. fair
Primitive elvish [PE17/057] Group: Eldamo. Published by

banya

adjective. beautiful
Primitive elvish [PE17/165; PM/402] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ari

root. good, excellent, noble
Primitive elvish [PE17/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aran

root. good, excellent, noble
Primitive elvish [PE17/147; PE17/148] Group: Eldamo. Published by

del²

root. fair
Primitive elvish [PE17/145; PE17/151] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwen

root. fair, beautiful, (probably originally) fresh, unblemished (especially of beauty of youth)
Primitive elvish [PE17/191] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwenyā

adjective. fair, beautiful
Primitive elvish [PE17/191] Group: Eldamo. Published by

wanjā

adjective. fair
Primitive elvish [WJ/380; WJ/383] Group: Eldamo. Published by

manrā

adjective. good
Primitive elvish [PE17/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by

magrā

adjective. good, useful, proper, fit
Primitive elvish [PE17/016; VT47/06] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arat

root. good, excellent, noble
Primitive elvish [PE17/147; PE17/148; SA/ar(a)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

vaina

adjective. clad
Qenya [GL/21; LT1A/Vai] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mailina

adjective. beautiful
Qenya [PE14/056] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kalwa

adjective. fair, beautiful
Qenya [LT1A/Galmir; PME/044; QL/044] Group: Eldamo. Published by

linda

adjective. fair, beautiful (of sound)
Qenya [Ety/LIND; Ety/SLIN; EtyAC/LIND] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vane

adjective. fair, lovely
Qenya [LT1A/Vána; QL/099] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vanima

adjective. fair
Qenya [Ety/BAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vanya

adjective. beautiful, fair
Qenya [Ety/BAN; LR/072] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mára

adjective. good, good, excellent, useful (of things), mighty, power[ful], doughty
Qenya [GG/10.0513; LFC/030.1501; PE13/122.1505; PE13/125.2113; PE13/125.2114; PE13/125.2115; PE14/048.2501; PE14/081.1601; PE15/32.0205; PE15/32.0803; PE15/32.1005; PE15/73.1701; PE15/73.1704; PE16/137.3901; PE16/140.7701; PE16/140.7702; PE16/141.0801; QL/057.4101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

magra

adjective. good
Old Noldorin [EtyAC/MAƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

bányā

adjective. beautiful
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/BAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

bain

adjective. clad
Gnomish [GL/21; GL/34; LT1A/Vai] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwanin

adjective. beautiful
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwant

noun/adjective. beautiful, fair, loveliness
Gnomish [GL/44; LT1A/Vána] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwandra

adjective. beautiful, exceedingly fair
Gnomish [GG/09; GG/15; GG/16; GL/44; LT1A/Vána] Group: Eldamo. Published by

govaithum

adjective. clad
Gnomish [GL/21] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mawr

adjective. good
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

mora

adjective. good, worse, better
Gnomish [GG/10; GG/15; GG/16; GL/17; GL/56; GL/57; PE13/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

bai

adjective. clad
Early Noldorin [PE13/138] Group: Eldamo. Published by

maur

adjective. good
Early Noldorin [PE13/122; PE13/124; PE13/125; PE13/150] Group: Eldamo. Published by

môr

adjective. good
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

English

* bain

Bain

As the Language of Dale is rendered with Old Norse, the name perhaps represents Beinn meaning "mover".

English [Tolkien Gateway] Published by