Noldorin 

am

preposition. up, upwards, upon

Noldorin [Ety/348] Group: SINDICT. Published by

am

adverb. up

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. amba “up(wards)” ✧ Ety/AM²

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AM “up” ✧ Ety/AM²

Element in

  • N. amben “uphill, uphill; [ᴱN.] arduous, difficult, tiresome” ✧ Ety/AM²
  • N. Amroth
  • N. Ammalas
  • N. amrûn “uprising, sunrise, Orient, east” ✧ Ety/AM²; PE22/035

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AM² > am[amba] > [amb] > [amb] > [amm] > [am]✧ Ety/AM²

Variations

  • amb ✧ PE22/035 (amb)
Noldorin [Ety/AM²; PE22/035] Group: Eldamo. Published by

a-

prefix. intensive prefix

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶a- ✧ EtyAC/N
    • ᴹ√A “intensive prefix” ✧ EtyAC/N

Element in

  • N. afarch “arid, very dry” ✧ EtyAC/N
  • N. ongol “stench” ✧ EtyAC/N

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶a- > a[a]✧ EtyAC/N

Variations

  • a ✧ EtyAC/N
Noldorin [EtyAC/N] Group: Eldamo. Published by

emil

noun. mother

Noldorin [VT/45:5] Group: SINDICT. Published by

emil

noun. mother

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. amil “mother” ✧ Ety/AM¹

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶amī̆l “mother”
    • ᴹ√AM “mother”
  • ᴹ√AM “mother” ✧ Ety/AM¹

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AM¹ > emil[amil] > [emil]✧ Ety/AM¹
Noldorin [EtyAC/AM¹] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nana

noun. mother, mummy

Noldorin [Ety/348, Ety/374] Group: SINDICT. Published by

or

preposition. above, above; [G.] onto, on top, on

Cognates

  • Q. or “above, above, [ᴱQ.] upon; on”

Derivations

  • ᴹ√RŌ/ORO “rise, up, high” ✧ Ety/ORO

Element in

  • S. orchal “tall, tall; [N.] superior, eminent, lofty”
  • N. orchal “superior, eminent, lofty” ✧ Ety/ORO
  • N. Orfalas
  • S. Orfalch Echor “*High Cleft of the Outer Circle”
  • ᴺS. orvel- “to favour, *(lit.) love above”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ORO > or[oro] > [or]✧ Ety/ORO
Noldorin [Ety/ORO] Group: Eldamo. Published by

naneth

noun. mother

Noldorin [Ety/348, Ety/374] Group: SINDICT. Published by

naneth

noun. mother

A noun for “mother” in The Etymologies of the 1930s derived from the (Noldorin-only?) root ᴹ√NAN (Ety/NAN). It apparently replaced archaic/poetic N. †emil (Ety/AM¹; EtyAC/AM¹).

Conceptual Development: The Gnomish Lexicon had a similar set of words for “mother”: G. maba, mabir, baba, and mavwin from the early root ᴱ√maƀ “something nice” (GL/57). The last of these appeared as G. mavwen “ancestress” in the Gnomish Lexicon Slips modifying that document, with an archaic meaning of “mother” and variant forms mafwyn and mavuin (PE13/115). In these slips, it seems the normal “mother” word was G. nân (originally glossed “father”) with variant nanwin (PE13/115). This last word is likely the direct precursor of N. naneth.

Neo-Sindarin: I would use S. emel from the late 1960s as the normal word for “mother” in Neo-Sindarin, but would retain N. naneth as a dialectical or more formal variant.

Derivations

  • ᴹ√NAN ✧ Ety/AM¹; Ety/NAN

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√NAN > naneth[nanitta] > [nanittʰa] > [naniθθa] > [naneθθa] > [naneθθ] > [naneθ]✧ Ety/NAN
Noldorin [Ety/AM¹; Ety/NAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

heltha-

verb. to strip

The form helta- in the Etymologies is a misreading according to VT/46:14

Noldorin [Ety/386, VT/46:14] Group: SINDICT. Published by

or

preposition. above, over

Noldorin [Ety/379] Group: SINDICT. Published by

or-

prefix. above, over

Noldorin [Ety/379] Group: SINDICT. Published by