Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Primitive Elvish

yḷtḷ

root. *join

The unglossed root ᴱ√YḶTḶ appeared in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s as a variation of ᴱ√ẎATA “join”, possibly via L infix, having a single derivative ᴱQ. yalta “yoke” (QL/106). In the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon, the words G. galt “yoke” and G. ilt- “to yoke, join” are almost certainly related (GL/37, 50). In the 1930s, the words ᴹQ. yanta/N. iant were used for “yoke” as derivatives of ᴹ√YAT (Ety/YAT), but later still Q. yanta/S. iant where used for “bridge” (LotR/1123; SD/129). Thus, I think it is worth positing a Neo-Root ᴺ√YALTA to serve as the basis for “yoke” words.

Derivatives

Early Primitive Elvish [QL/106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yṇtṇ

root. *(en)large, increase

The unglossed root ᴱ√DẎṆTṆ appeared in the Qenya Lexicon with derivatives like ᴱQ. yanta “large” and ᴱQ. yanta- “enlarge, increase, add to”; Tolkien also wrote and then erased a note saying “or ẎṆTṆ” (QL/106). In the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon Tolkien gave primitive yṇt as the basis for words like G. gant “larger, greater, more; (lit.) increased” and G. gantha “more” (GL/37). The superlative forms ᴱN. diant “most” and ᴱN. -iant from the Early Noldorin Grammar from the 1920s were probably related. I think it is worth positing a Neo-Root √GYANTA “(en)large, increase” to salvage some of these early words.

Variations

  • yṇt ✧ GL/37
  • DẎṆTṆ ✧ QL/106

Derivatives

  • ᴱ✶yn̄t “large” ✧ QL/106
    • Eq. yanta “large” ✧ QL/106
  • Eq. yanta- “to add to, enlarge, increase, augment” ✧ GL/37; QL/106
  • En. diant “most”
  • G. gam(m)a- “to gain, profit, increase; to be profitable, bring in revenue”
  • G. gant “larger, greater, more, (lit.) increased” ✧ GL/37
  • G. gantha “more” ✧ GL/37
  • En. -iant “superlative ending”
  • G. intha- “to join to (intr.), add, increase, add to” ✧ GL/37
Early Primitive Elvish [GL/37; QL/106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

leqe

root. *join

An unglossed root in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with derivatives like ᴱQ. lekte- “join together, dovetail, fit in, splice” and ᴱQ. leqet “joint” (QL/53) so perhaps meaning something like “*join”. There are no signs of this root in Tolkien’s later writing.

Derivatives

  • Eq. lekte- “to join together, dovetail, fit in, splice” ✧ QL/053
  • Eq. lenk “limb” ✧ QL/053
  • Eq. leqet “joint” ✧ QL/053
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/053] Group: Eldamo. Published by