Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish


root. *holy

Middle Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. *holy


  • ᴹ✶aı̯an- “holy” ✧ Ety/AYAN
    • ᴹQ. aina “holy” ✧ Ety/AYAN
    • ᴹQ. Aini “holy one, angelic spirit (f.), holy one, angelic spirit (f.); [ᴱQ.] (pagan) goddess” ✧ Ety/AYAN
    • ᴹQ. Ainu “holy one, angelic spirit” ✧ Ety/AYAN
  • ᴹQ. yána “holy place, fane, sanctuary” ✧ Ety/YAN
  • N. iaun “holy place, fane, sanctuary, holy place, fane, sanctuary, *shrine, temple” ✧ Ety/YAN


  • YAN ✧ Ety/AYAN; Ety/YAN
  • AYAN ✧ EtyAC/YAN
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/AYAN; Ety/YAN; EtyAC/YAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by


adjective. wide


  • ᴹ√PAT “*open, [ᴱ√] open, wide, spreading” ✧ Ety/PAT


  • N. pann “wide” ✧ Ety/PAT
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/PAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. give

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “give” with derivatives ON. yanta- “give” and ᴹQ. Ariante “Day-bringer” (EtyAC/YAN²). Tolkien marked this entry with a “?”, and elsewhere in The Etymologies he derived ᴹQ. anta-/N. anna- “give” from ᴹ√ANA (Ety/ANA¹), so I suspect this root was a transient idea.


  • ᴹQ. anta- “to give” ✧ EtyAC/YAN²
  • On. yanta- “to give” ✧ EtyAC/YAN²

Element in

  • ᴹQ. Aryante “Day-bringer” ✧ EtyAC/YAN²
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/YAN²] Group: Eldamo. Published by