masculine name. Thind
- ᴹQ. Sindo “The Grey” ✧ Ety/THIN
Word Gloss thind “grey”
- ᴹQ. sinde “grey, pale” ✧ Ety/THIN
Development Stages Sources ᴹ✶thindi > thind [tʰindi] > [tʰinde] > [θinde] > [θind] ✧ Ety/THIN
A Doriathrin adjective for “grey” written heðu in The Etymologies, and derived from the primitive form ᴹ✶khithwa [kʰitʰwa] (Ety/KHIS). This word illustrates several interesting phonetic changes in Ilkorin.
The [[ilk|[i] became [e] before the final [a]]].
Both the aspirates became voiceless spirants: [kʰ-] > [x-] and [-tʰ-] > [-θ-].
Later the [[ilk|initial [x-] became [h-]]].
Meanwhile the [[ilk|medial [-θ-] voiced to [-ð-]]] (“dh”).
The [[ilk|primitive final [a] was lost]].
Afterwards, the resulting [[ilk|final [w] became [u]]].
In most other Doriathrin words, a [[ilk|final [u] from [w] further developed into [o]]]; it is unclear why this change did not occur here.
- ᴹQ. hiswa “grey, grey [of weather], *foggy, overcast; [ᴱQ.] dim, fading” ✧ Ety/KHIS
Development Stages Sources ᴹ✶khithwa > heðu [kʰitʰwa] > [kʰetʰwa] > [xetʰwa] > [xeθwa] > [xeθw] > [xeðw] > [heðw] > [heðu] ✧ Ety/KHIS
- heðu ✧ Ety/KHIS (Dor. heðu); EtyAC/KHIS (Dor. heðu)
A Doriathrin adjective for “pale” derived from primitive ᴹ✶lugni, a revision of the form luin that appeared in The Etymologies as published in The Lost Road (Ety/LUG², EtyAC/LUG²). The revision of [ui] >> [ū] probably reflects Tolkien’s vacillation on how primitive [[ilk|[g] vocalized before [m], [n]]] in Ilkorin. The earlier form of this word might an element in the name Draugluin “Werewolf” (LR/134), which in earlier writings was glossed “Werewolf Pale” (LB/205). The early Noldorin word ᴱN. lhui “pale” might be a precursor to it (PE13/149).
- luin → lūn “pale” ✧ EtyAC/LUG²
Development Stages Sources ᴹ✶lugni > luin [lugni] > [lugne] > [luine] > [luin] ✧ Ety/LUG² ᴹ✶lugni > lūn [lugni] > [lugne] > [lūne] > [lūn] ✧ Ety/LUG²
- luin ✧ Ety/LUG² (Dor. luin); EtyAC/LUY (Dor.
- lūn ✧ EtyAC/LUG² (Dor. lūn)