Quenya 

Silmaril

radiance of pure light

Silmaril (Silmarill-, as in pl. Silmarilli), noun, name of the shining jewels made by Fëanor; full sg. form Silmarillë (SA:sil, SIL, RIL, MIR).Translated "radiance of pure light" in Letters:148. Gen. pl. Silmarillion, as in (Quenta) Silmarillion "(the Story) of the Silmarils".

silmaril

proper name. Great Jewel

The name of the great jewels crafted by Fëanor from which The Silmarillion legends gets their name (S/33). It sometimes appeared in the longer form Silmarillë (PE17/47, PM/363). Tolkien translated this name as “radiance of pure light” (Let/148) and said that it was a combination of silima, the crystaline substance from which the jewels were made (RGEO/65), and a derivative of the root √RIL “brilliant, brilliance” (PM/363), perhaps in the form (ᴹQ.) rille “brilliance”.

Conceptual Development: The name ᴱQ. Silmaril dates back to the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/128). Christopher Tolkien suggested that at this early stage it was a compound of ᴱQ. Sil “Moon” and ᴱQ. marilla “pearl” (LT1A/Silmaril), which is consistent with its Gnomish cognate G. Silubrilt. In The Etymologies, the name ᴹQ. Silmaril appears as a combination of silma “silver, shining white” and the root ᴹ√RIL (Ety/RIL, SIL), similar to its later etymology.

Variations

  • silmaril ✧ LotR/1034; PE17/112
  • silmaril(le) ✧ PE17/047
  • silmaril(lë) ✧ PM/363
  • Silmarillë ✧ PMI/Silmaril
  • silma-ril ✧ RGEO/65

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
silima“crystal substance devised by Fëanor”
RIL“brilliant (light), brilliance, brilliant (light), brilliance, [ᴹ√] glitter”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Silmarilliplural“radiance of pure light”✧ Let/148; Let/425; LotR/1033; MRI/Silmaril; PM/030; PMI/Silmaril; SA/sil
Silmarilliongenitive plural“of the Silmarils”✧ S/033
Quenya [Let/148; Let/425; LotR/1033; LotR/1034; LotRI/Silmaril; MRI/Silmaril; PE17/019; PE17/047; PE17/112; PM/030; PM/363; PMI/Silmaril; RGEO/65; S/033; SA/ril; SA/sil] Group: Eldamo. Published by

maril

glass, crystal

maril noun "glass, crystal" (VT46:13; if this is to be the same word as the second element of Silmaril, the stem-form would be marill-, cf. pl. Silmarilli)

cilin

noun. glass

Element in

  • Q. cilintilla “looking-glass, looking-glass, *mirror” ✧ PE17/037
  • Q. cilinyul “drinking-vessel (made of glass)” ✧ PE17/037

cilin

glass

cilin noun "glass" ("often used as in English ("often used as in English for any thing or implement made of glass") (PE17:37). Compare calca, hyellë.

calca

noun. glass

Derivations

  • KALAK “glass” ✧ VT47/35

Cognates

  • T. calca “glass” ✧ VT47/35; VT47/35

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
KALAK > calca[kalka]✧ VT47/35

calca

glass

calca noun "glass" (VT47:35); compare hyellë, cilin.

hyellë

glass

hyellë noun "glass" (KHYEL(ES), VT45:23; the later source also provides the unglossed form hyelma, which may be a synonym of hyellë; alternatively hyellë could be "glass" as a substance, whereas hyelma_ rather refers to "a glass" as a drinking vessel). _In later sources, cilin or calca is given as the word for "glass".

mírë

jewel

mírë noun "jewel" (MIR, SA:mîr), "a treasure, a precious thing" (PE17:37).Cf. Elemmírë; short form -mir in Tar-Atanamir (SA:mîr); see also Artamir.

Sindarin 

mírdan

noun. jewel-smith

Sindarin [S/401] mîr+tân. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

heledh

noun. glass

Variations

  • heleð ✧ PE17/037; RS/466

Derivations

  • Kh. kheled “glass” ✧ PE17/037; RS/466; SA/khelek

Cognates

  • Kh. kheled “glass” ✧ RS/466

Element in

  • ᴺS. heledhren “glassy, like glass, of glass”
  • S. Helevorn “Black Glass” ✧ PE17/037; RS/466; SA/khelek

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
Kh. kheled > heleð[kʰeled] > [xeled] > [xeleð] > [heleð]✧ PE17/037
Sindarin [PE17/037; RS/466; SA/khelek] Group: Eldamo. Published by

heledh

noun. glass

Sindarin [S/433] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mîr

noun. jewel, precious thing, treasure

Sindarin [Ety/373, LotR/E, S/434, PM/348, LB/354, RGEO/73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mîr

noun. jewel

_ n. _jewel, precious thing. Q. míre, pl1. míri. >> advir

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:165] < MĬR precious. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

silevril

silmaril

1) Silevril (i Hilevril), no distinct pl. form except with article (i Silevril), coll. pl. Silevrillath. See also SILIMA; GLITTERING WHITE. 2) Golovir (= ”Noldo-jewel”) (i Ngolovir = i Ñolovir, o N**golovir = o Ñgolovir), no distinct pl. form except with article (in Golovir = i Ñgolovir), 3) Mirion (i Virion), pl. Míryn (i Míryn). (LR:373 s.v. MIR lists the archaic ”Noldorin” plural Miruin**.)

heledh

glass

heledh (i cheledh, o cheledh), pl. helidh (i chelidh) if there is a pl.

mîr

jewel

mîr (i vîr, construct mir) (precious thing, treasure), no distinct pl. form except with article (i mîr), coll. pl. míriath. GREAT JEWEL (Silmaril) Mirion (i Virion), pl. Míryn (i Míryn). (LR:373 s.v. MIR lists the archaic ”Noldorin” plural Miruin.)

Telerin 

calca

noun. glass

Derivations

  • KALAK “glass” ✧ VT47/35

Cognates

  • Q. calca “glass” ✧ VT47/35; VT47/35

Adûnaic

zimra Reconstructed

noun. jewel

An element appearing in the names Zimraphel (UT/224) and Zimrathôn (UT/222) and also the Hadorian name Zimrahin (WJ/234). The corresponding Quenya names Q. Míriel and Q. Hostamir both seem to contain mírë “jewel”, so this is the likely meaning of the Adûnaic word as well, as suggested by most authors (AAD/25, AL/Adûnaic, EotAL/ZIM’R).

Element in

Khuzdûl

kheled

noun. glass

Derivatives

  • S. heledh “glass” ✧ PE17/037; RS/466; SA/khelek
  • S. Helevorn “Black Glass” ✧ PE17/037

Cognates

  • S. heledh “glass” ✧ RS/466

Element in

  • Kh. Kheled-zâram “Mirrormere” ✧ PE17/037; RS/466; SA/khelek
Khuzdûl [PE17/037; RS/466; SA/khelek] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

kalak

root. glass

A root appearing in etymological notes from 1968 glossed “glass” with Quenya and Telerin derivatives Q./T. calca of the same meaning (VT47/35). It seems to be a late restoration of the much earlier root ᴱ√kail(i)k or ᴱ√tail(i)k that was the basis of “glass” words in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s; in this early period the Qenya derivatives began with t- and the Gnomish derivatives with c- [k-] (GL/25). It may also have replaced Q. cilin (< KILIN?) from the late 1950s or early 1960s (PE17/37). Given its Quenya/Telerin derivatives, √KALAK was probably coined in Aman as was also the case with earlier Q. cilin, since the Sindarin word for “glass” is the unrelated word S. heledh* borrowed from Khuzdul (PE17/37).

Derivatives

  • Q. calca “glass” ✧ VT47/35
  • T. calca “glass” ✧ VT47/35
Primitive elvish [VT47/35] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

golodhvir

noun. Silmaril

Noldorin [Ety/373] golodh+mîr "Ñoldo-jewel". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

golovir

noun. Silmaril

Noldorin [Ety/373] golodh+mîr "Ñoldo-jewel". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mirion

proper name. Silmaril

A Noldorin name for the Silmarils appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s (Ety/MIR), some kind of elaboration on mîr “jewel”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Miruinplural-✧ Ety/MIR
Noldorin [Ety/MIR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

silevril

proper name. Silmaril

Noldorin term for a Silmaril appearing in Silmarillion drafts and The Etymologies from the 1930s (LR/202; Ety/MIR, RIL, SIL). It is a combination of silef “silver, shining white” and the root ᴹ√RIL “glitter”.

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, the Gnomish equivalent of Silmaril was Silubrilt (GL/67), a combination of Sil “Moon” and brithla “pearl” (LT1A/Silmarilli).

Derivations

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Silmaril ✧ Ety/MIR; Ety/RIL; Ety/SIL; LRI/Silmaril

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
silef“silver, shining white”
RIL“glitter”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶silima-rille > Silevril[?]✧ Ety/RIL

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Hilevrilsoft-mutation-✧ LR/202
Noldorin [Ety/MIR; Ety/RIL; Ety/SIL; LR/202; LRI/Silmaril] Group: Eldamo. Published by

silevril

noun. Silmaril

Noldorin [Ety/373] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mirion

noun. great jewel, Silmaril

Noldorin [Ety/373] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

golovir

proper name. Silmaril, (lit.) *Noldo-jewel

A Noldorin name for a ᴹQ. Silmaril appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s (Ety/ÑGOLOD, MIR), a combination of Golodh “Noldo” and the lenited form of mîr “jewel”, with the dh lost because [[n|[ð] vanished before nasals]] in Noldorin.

Conceptual Development: This form was first written as (rejected) Golavir (EtyAC/MIR).

Variations

  • Golo(ð)vir ✧ Ety/MIR
  • Golavir ✧ EtyAC/MIR (Golavir)

Changes

  • GolavirGolovir ✧ EtyAC/MIR

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MIR “*precious” ✧ Ety/ÑGOLOD

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Noldomír(e) “Silmaril” ✧ Ety/ÑGOLOD
  • Ilk. Goldamir “Silmaril, (lit.) *Noldo-jewel” ✧ Ety/MIR

Elements

WordGloss
Golodh“one of the wise folk, Gnome”
mîr“jewel, precious thing, treasure”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MIR > Golovir[ŋgolodomire] > [golodomire] > [goloðomire] > [goloðomir] > [goloðmir] > [golomir] > [golovir]✧ Ety/ÑGOLOD
Noldorin [Ety/MIR; Ety/ÑGOLOD; EtyAC/MIR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cenedril

noun. looking-glass, mirror

Noldorin [TI/184, RS/466] cened+rill. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

hele

noun. glass

Derivations

  • On. kheleha “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
    • ᴹ✶khyelesē “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
    • ᴹ√KHYEL(ES) “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. hyelle “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)

Element in

  • N. Helevorn “Black Glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. kheleha > hele[xeleha] > [xeleh] > [heleh] > [hele]✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
Noldorin [Ety/KHYEL(ES)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mîr

noun. jewel, precious thing, treasure

Noldorin [Ety/373, LotR/E, S/434, PM/348, LB/354, RGEO/73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

ilumíre

proper name. Silmaril

Another name for a Silmaril appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s (Ety/IL), apparently a compound of ilu “world” and míre “jewel”.

Elements

WordGloss
ilu“universe, world”
míre“jewel, precious thing, treasure”

noldomír(e)

proper name. Silmaril

Another name for a Silmaril appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s, a compound of Noldo and míre “jewel” (Ety/ÑGOLOD).

Variations

  • Noldomíre ✧ EtyAC/ÑGOL

Cognates

  • N. Golovir “Silmaril, (lit.) *Noldo-jewel” ✧ Ety/ÑGOLOD
  • Ilk. Goldamir “Silmaril, (lit.) *Noldo-jewel” ✧ Ety/ÑGOLOD

Elements

WordGloss
Noldo“one of the wise folk, Gnome”
míre“jewel, precious thing, treasure”
Qenya [Ety/ÑGOLOD; EtyAC/ÑGOL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

silmaril

proper name. Silmaril

Variations

  • Silmarille ✧ Ety/RIL

Derivations

Cognates

  • N. Silevril “Silmaril” ✧ Ety/MIR; Ety/RIL; Ety/SIL; LRI/Silmaril

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶silima-rille > Silmarille[silimarille] > [silimarill] > [silmarill] > [silmaril]✧ Ety/RIL

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Silmarilliplural-✧ Ety/MIR; Ety/RIL
Qenya [Ety/MIR; Ety/RIL; Ety/SIL; LRI/Silmaril; TII/Silmaril; WRI/Silmaril] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hyelle

noun. glass

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KHYEL(ES) “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)

Cognates

  • On. kheleha “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
  • N. hele “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KHYEL(ES) > hyelle[kʰjelle] > [xjelle] > [j̊elle]✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
Qenya [Ety/KHYEL(ES)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

goldamir

proper name. Silmaril, (lit.) *Noldo-jewel

A Doriathrin name for the Silmarils, a combination of the genitive form of (n)gold “Noldo” and mîr “jewel” (Ety/MIR, ÑGOLOD), hence: “Noldo-jewel”. It also appeared in the variant form Goldomir*, which may hint at the primitive form of the genitive.

Variations

  • Goldomir ✧ Ety/MIR (Dor. Goldomir)

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Noldomír(e) “Silmaril” ✧ Ety/ÑGOLOD
  • N. Golovir “Silmaril, (lit.) *Noldo-jewel” ✧ Ety/MIR

Elements

WordGloss
(n)gold“one of the wise folk, Gnome”
mîr“jewel”
Doriathrin [Ety/MIR; Ety/ÑGOLOD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mîr Reconstructed

noun. jewel

A word for “jewel” attested only in compounds, probably of the same derivation and meaning as its Noldorin cognate N. mîr.

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MIR “*precious”

Cognates

  • N. mîr “jewel, precious thing, treasure”
  • ᴹQ. míre “jewel, precious thing, treasure”

Element in

Old Noldorin 

kheleha

noun. glass

Variations

  • khelelia ✧ EtyAC/KHYEL(ES)

Derivatives

  • N. hele “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶khyelesē “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
    • ᴹ√KHYEL(ES) “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. hyelle “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶khyelesē > khelesa > kheleha[kʰjelesē] > [kʰelesē] > [kʰelese] > [xelese] > [xelesa] > [xeleha]✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
Old Noldorin [Ety/KHYEL(ES); EtyAC/KHYEL(ES)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

khyel(es)

root. glass

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “glass” with derivatives in both Quenya and Noldorin with the same meaning: ᴹQ. hyelle and N. hele (Ety/KHYEL(ES)). After Tolkien changed Noldorin to Sindarin, he decided that “There was no common Eldarin word for glass”, and that the Sindarin word S. heledh was derived from Khuzdul kheled (PE17/37). Thus the root ᴹ√KHYEL(ES) was abandoned.

Variations

  • KHEL-ES/-ET ✧ EtyAC/KHYEL(ES)

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶khyelesē “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
    • On. kheleha “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
    • N. hele “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
  • ᴹQ. hyelle “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
  • ᴹQ. hyelma “[unglossed]” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KHYEL(ES); EtyAC/KHYEL(ES)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

khyelesē

noun. glass

Derivatives

  • On. kheleha “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
    • N. hele “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KHYEL(ES) “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KHYEL(ES)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

silubrilt

proper name. *Moon-pearl

Variations

  • Silobrilt ✧ GL/67
  • silubrill- ✧ LT1A/Silmarilli

Derivations

Cognates

  • Eq. Silmaril “*Moon-pearl” ✧ GL/67; LT1/128; LT1A/Silmarilli; LT1I/Silmarilli

Elements

WordGloss
Sil“Rose of Silpion, Moon”
brithla“pearl”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
silubrilthinplural-✧ GL/67; LT1A/Silmarilli
Silubrilthinplural-✧ LT1/128; LT1I/Silmarilli
Gnomish [GL/67; LT1/128; LT1A/Silmarilli; LT1I/Silmarilli] Group: Eldamo. Published by

talp

noun. glass

Variations

  • talp ✧ GL/69 (talp)

Changes

  • talptalp “glass” ✧ GL/69

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶talqă > talp[talkʷa] > [talpa] > [talp]✧ GL/69

celeg

noun. glass

Variations

  • caileg ✧ GL/25

Derivations

  • ᴱ√KAILIK “*glass” ✧ GL/25

Element in

  • G. celegrin “glassy, like glass” ✧ GL/25

Early Noldorin

himp

noun. jewel

Early Noldorin [PE13/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

caileg

noun. glass

celch

noun. glass

Variations

  • caileg ✧ PE13/140
Early Noldorin [PE13/140] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

silmaril

proper name. *Moon-pearl

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. Silubrilt “*Moon-pearl” ✧ GL/67; LT1/128; LT1A/Silmarilli; LT1I/Silmarilli

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Silmarilliplural-✧ LT1/128; LT1A/Silmarilli; LT1I/Silmarilli
Early Quenya [GL/67; LT1/128; LT1A/Silmarilli; LT1I/Silmarilli] Group: Eldamo. Published by

talqe

noun. glass

Variations

  • Talqe ✧ QL/088

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. celc “glass, a glass” ✧ GL/25

Element in

  • Eq. talku- “to glaze” ✧ QL/088
  • Eq. talqea “glassy” ✧ QL/088
  • Eq. talqina “made of glass” ✧ QL/088

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶taı̯lkwē > talqe[tailkʷē] > [tailkʷe] > [talkʷe]✧ GL/25

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
talqĭ-stem-✧ PME/088
Talqi-stem-✧ QL/088
Early Quenya [GL/25; PME/088; QL/088] Group: Eldamo. Published by