Quenya 

polë

meal, grist

[polë (stem poli-) noun "meal, grist" (PE17:115, 181), a word Tolkien decided to replace by mulë; perhaps polë was a variant of porë.]

polë

noun. meal, grist, meal, grist, [ᴱQ.] oats, grain (unground kernels of oats, wheat, etc.)

Changes

  • polemŭle “meal” ✧ PE17/115

Derivations

  • poli “meal”
    • POL “can, have physical power and ability; large, big (strong); pound up, break up small, reduce to powder, can, have physical power and ability; large, big (strong); [ᴹ√] physically strong, [ᴱ√] have stength; [√] pound up, break up small, reduce to powder”
  • POL “can, have physical power and ability; large, big (strong); pound up, break up small, reduce to powder, can, have physical power and ability; large, big (strong); [ᴹ√] physically strong, [ᴱ√] have stength; [√] pound up, break up small, reduce to powder” ✧ PE17/181

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
POL > poli-[poli] > [pole]✧ PE17/181

Variations

  • pole ✧ PE17/115 (pole)
Quenya [PE17/115; PE17/181] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pol-

can

pol- (1) vb. "can" = have physical power and ability, as in polin quetë "I can speak (because mouth and tongue are free)". Cf. ista-, lerta- as verbs "can" with somewhat different shades of meaning. (VT41:6, PE17:181)

pol-

verb. can, to be able to

Cognates

  • ᴺS. pol- “can, to be able to”

Derivations

  • POL “can, have physical power and ability; large, big (strong); pound up, break up small, reduce to powder, can, have physical power and ability; large, big (strong); [ᴹ√] physically strong, [ᴱ√] have stength; [√] pound up, break up small, reduce to powder” ✧ PE17/181; VT41/06

Element in

  • ᴺQ. polëa “able”
  • ᴺQ. polië “ability”
  • Q. polin quetë “I can speak, I am able to speak” ✧ PE17/181; VT41/06
  • ᴺQ. polta- “to (physically) enable”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
POL > polin[pol-]✧ PE17/181
Quenya [PE17/155; PE17/181; VT41/06] Group: Eldamo. Published by

porë

flour, meal

porë (stem *pori-, given the primitive form ¤pori) noun "flour, meal" (POR). See polë.

mulë

meal, grist

mulë noun "meal, grist" (PE17:115, 181), replacing polë, q.v.

mulë

noun. meal

Derivations

  • MUL “grind (fine)”

Variations

  • mŭle ✧ PE17/115
Quenya [PE17/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tulwë

pillar, standard, pole

tulwë noun "pillar, standard, pole" (LT1:270)

lerta-

can

lerta- vb. "can" in the sense "be free to do", being under no restraint (physical or other). Lertan quetë "I can speak (because I am free to do so, there being no obstacle of promise, secrecy, or duty)". Where the absence of a physical restraint is considered, this verb can be used in much the same sense as pol- (VT41:6)

tarma

pillar

tarma noun "pillar" (SA:tar); Tarmasundar (þ) "the Roots of the Pillar", the slopes of Mt. Meneltarma in Númenor (UT:166)

tarma

noun. pillar

Element in

Variations

  • Tarma ✧ UT/166
Quenya [SA/tar; UT/166] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tavar

wood

tavar (1) noun "wood" (TÁWAR)

toina

adjective. wood, wood, *wooden, made of wood

A word glossed “wood” appearing in a list of “large & small” roots from around 1968 derived from primitive ✶tawĭnā (PE17/115) and hence probably an adjective “✱wooden, (made) of wood” as suggested by Helge Fauskanger (QQ/toina).

Conceptual Development: In The Etymologies of the 1930s Tolkien instead had ᴹQ. taurina “of wood”, an adjectival form of ᴹQ. tavar “wood (material)” (Ety/TÁWAR). The word ᴹQ. toina appeared in notes on The Feanorian Alphabet from the 1940s, but was unglossed, so whether it meant “✱wooden” is unclear.

Cognates

  • S. tawen “wood (of material), ?wooden (of make), wood (of material), wooden (of make)” ✧ PE17/115

Derivations

  • tawinā “wood” ✧ PE17/115
    • TAW “wood” ✧ PE17/115

Elements

WordGloss
-ina“adjective suffix; passive participle”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
tawĭnā > toina[tawinā] > [toinā] > [toina]✧ PE17/115
Quenya [PE17/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

turu

wood

turu (3) noun "wood" (properly firewood, but used of wood in general) (LT1:270)

mat

meal, meal time

mat (matt-) noun "meal, meal time" (QL:59)