Quenya 

peler

fenced field

peler noun "fenced field" (Old English tún) (PEL(ES) )

hahta

noun. fence

fence, hedge

Quenya [PE 19:91] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

yonwa

fence, border, boundary

yonwa noun "fence, border, boundary" (PE17:43)

pelë

noun. revolution

Derivations

  • PEL “fence, border, edge; bound, limit; go round, encircle, fence, border, edge; bound, limit; go round, encircle; [ᴹ√] revolve on fixed point”
Quenya Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

querë

noun. revolution

Derivations

  • KWER “revolve, revolve, [ᴱ√] turn”
Quenya Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

Sindarin 

ephel

noun. outer fence, encircling fence

Sindarin [S/436, LotR/E] et+pêl. Group: SINDICT. Published by

iath

noun. fence

Sindarin [S/433, WJ/370, WJ/378] Group: SINDICT. Published by

iath

noun. fence

Element in

  • S. Doriath “Land of the Fence” ✧ SA/iâth; SI/Doriath; UTI/Doriath; WJ/370; WJI/Iathrim
  • S. Echoriath “Encircling Mountains, (lit.) Encircling Fence” ✧ SA/echor
  • S. Iathrim “*People of the Fence” ✧ WJ/378; WJI/Iathrim

Variations

  • iâth ✧ SA/iâth; UTI/Doriath
  • Iâth ✧ SI/Doriath; WJ/370; WJI/Iathrim
Sindarin [SA/echor; SA/iâth; SI/Doriath; UTI/Doriath; WJ/370; WJ/378; WJI/Iathrim] Group: Eldamo. Published by

iâth

noun. fence

Sindarin [S/433, WJ/370, WJ/378] Group: SINDICT. Published by

iâth

noun. fence

cail

noun. fence or palisade of spikes and sharp stakes

Sindarin [UT/282] Group: SINDICT. Published by

iâd

noun. fence

Sindarin Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

iâth

fence

(noun) 1) iâth (construct iath, pl. iaith) (WJ:370, 378), also ?iâd (construct iad), pl. iaid. 2) lest (girdle, boundary), pl. list, 3) (outer/encircling fence) ephel (pl. ephil), 4) (with spikes and sharp stakes) cail (i gail, o chail) (palisade); no distinct pl. form except with article (i chail).

thora

fence

(verb) *thora- (the curious form ”thoro-” occurs in the primary source, LR:393 s.v. THUR). The passive participle thoren ”fenced, guarded, hidden” is cited (pl. thorin).

Telerin 

hacta, hatta

noun. fence

fence, hedge

Telerin [PE 19:91] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

Primitive elvish

pel

root. fence, border, edge; bound, limit; go round, encircle, fence, border, edge; bound, limit; go round, encircle; [ᴹ√] revolve on fixed point

This root was connected to fences, encirclement and rotation for much of Tolkien’s life. It first appeared as two distinct roots in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s. The first was ᴱ√PELE “fence in” with derivatives like ᴱQ. pelin “fenced in, pent”, ᴱQ. pelto “hedge, hedged field”, and ᴱQ. pelle “town” (QL/73). It had some clear derivatives in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon such as G. pel “village”, G. pelu- “fence, enclose”, and G. pless “hedge, fence” (GL/64). The second root in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s was unglossed ᴱ√PELE with derivatives like ᴱQ. pelko “leg”, ᴱQ. pelte- “run”, and ᴱQ. peltas “pivot” (QL/73), but the “leg” word in the Gnomish Lexicon was unrelated: G. bactha “a leg” (GL/21).

Indeed, in Quenya the “leg” word was also shifted to a new root by The Etymologies of the 1930s: ᴹ√TELEK > ᴹQ. telko “leg” (Ety/TÉLEK). As for the root ᴹ√PEL, it was given the gloss “revolve on fixed point” in The Etymologies and seems to be a blending of 1910s ᴱ√PELE and ᴱ√PELE, with derivatives like ᴹQ. pel- “go round, revolve, return” and ᴹQ. peltas/N. pelthaes “pivot” (Ety/PEL) but also ᴹQ. peler/N. pêl “fenced field” and ᴹQ. opele/N. gobel “walled house or village, town” by way of extended root ᴹ√PEL(ES) (Ety/PEL(ES)).

The root √PEL appeared a number of times in Tolkien’s later writings with glosses like “edge, bound, fence, limit” (PE17/65), “fence, border” (PE17/90) and “go round, encircle” (SA/pel). Tolkien declared that:

> The basic sense should not be “revolve”; but “edge, bound, fence, limit”. Thus [S.] pelennor = fenced land; ephel, Sindarin < eppel < et­pel = “outer wall or fence”; [Q.] peltakse- (peltas) should mean a fence of fixed stakes etc., or a “pale” and fencing stakes; and pelma a border, fringe, edge, limiting device (PE17/65).

Tolkien reassigned the sense “revolve” to the root √KWER. The most notable derivative of the new sense “boundary” for √PEL was Q. pella “beyond”, more literally “beyond the boundary” (PE17/65, 80); this word was likely Tolkien’s motivation for removing the sense “revolve” from √PEL.

Derivatives

  • peles “fence, enclosure”
  • peles- “to fence round”
  • pelo “a bound” ✧ PE17/065
    • Q. pelo “boundary (fence)” ✧ PE17/065
  • Q. pel- “to go round, encircle, to go round, encircle; [ᴱQ.] to surround, fence in, pen in; [ᴹQ.] to revolve, return” ✧ SA/pel
  • ᴺQ. pelin “fenced in, pent”
  • Q. pelma “border, fringe, edge, limiting device, border, fringe, edge, limiting device; [ᴱQ.] pen” ✧ PE17/065
  • Q. pelo “boundary (fence)” ✧ PE17/092
  • ᴺQ. pelta- “to roll”
  • ᴺQ. pepella- “to circulate, orbit”
  • ᴺQ. pelë “revolution”
  • S. pêl “*fenced field, [N.] fenced field”
  • S. Pelennor “Fenced Land” ✧ PE17/065
  • ᴺS. pelu- “to fence, enclose”
  • ᴺS. pel- “to fence, enclose”

Element in

  • et-pel “outer fence” ✧ PE17/065; SA/pel
  • peltakse “fence of fixed stakes, a ‘pale’” ✧ PE17/065
  • Q. Pelendur “?Servant of the Border”
  • Q. pella “beyond (boundary or limit)” ✧ PE17/090
  • Q. Pelóri “Mountain Wall, Fencing Heights” ✧ SA/pel
  • Q. terpellië “*temptation”
  • S. gobel “village, town (enclosure), (walled) village, town (enclosure); [N.] walled house, *manor”
  • S. Pelargir “Garth of Royal Ships” ✧ SA/pel
  • S. Pelennor “Fenced Land” ✧ SA/pel

Variations

  • PELE ✧ PE17/092; PE17/171
  • pel- ✧ SA/pel
Primitive elvish [PE17/065; PE17/090; PE17/092; PE17/171; SA/pel] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

ephel

noun. outer fence, encircling fence

Noldorin [S/436, LotR/E] et+pêl. Group: SINDICT. Published by

pêl

noun. fenced field

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. peler “fenced field, fenced field, [ᴱQ.] fence” ✧ Ety/PEL(ES)

Derivations

  • On. pele “fenced field” ✧ Ety/PEL(ES); Ety/PEL(ES)
    • ᴹ√PEL(ES) “revolve on fixed point” ✧ Ety/PEL(ES)

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. pele > pêl[pele] > [pel] > [pēl]✧ Ety/PEL(ES)
On. pelehi > peli[pelehi] > [pelihi] > [pelih] > [peli]✧ Ety/PEL(ES)

Variations

  • pel ✧ EtyAC/PEL(ES)
Noldorin [Ety/PEL(ES); EtyAC/PEL(ES)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thora-

verb. to fence

Noldorin [Ety/393] Group: SINDICT. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

peler

noun. fenced field, fenced field, [ᴱQ.] fence

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “fenced field” along with cognate N. pêl, both derived from the root ᴹ√PEL(ES) “revolve on fixed point” (Ety/PEL(ES)).

Conceptual Development: A possible precursor is ᴱQ. pelto “hedge, hedged field” from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, a derivative of ᴱ√PELE “fence in” (QL/73). The form ᴱQ. peler appeared in Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s as a cognate of ᴱN. helai “fence”, derived from primitive ᴱ✶pelesa (PE13/147). Tolkien’s continued use of its cognate S. pêl in names like S. Pelennor “Fenced Land” (LotR/749; PE17/65) indicates the ongoing validity of ᴹQ. peler.

Cognates

  • On. pele “fenced field” ✧ Ety/PEL(ES)
  • N. pêl “fenced field” ✧ Ety/PEL(ES)

Derivations

  • ᴹ√PEL(ES) “revolve on fixed point” ✧ Ety/PEL(ES)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√PEL(ES) > peler[peles] > [peler]✧ Ety/PEL(ES)

Doriathrin

gad

noun. fence

A Doriathrin noun meaning “fence” derived from the root ᴹ√GAT(H) (Ety/GAT(H)), most likely from a primitive form ✱✶gat-. As pointed out by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Doriathrin/gad), its gloss is a bit peculiar, given that the other derivatives of its root same to have meanings associated with caves. As Mr. Fauskanger suggested, this may represent a transition in Tolkien’s thinking on the meaning of the associated name Doriath: “Land of the Cave” (Ety/GAT(H)) >> “Land of the Fence” (WJ/370).

Derivations

  • ᴹ√GAT(H) “*cave” ✧ Ety/GAT(H)

Element in

  • Ilk. argad “exterior, outside, (lit.) outside the fence” ✧ Ety/GAT(H)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√GAT(H) > gad[gat] > [gad]✧ Ety/GAT(H)
Doriathrin [Ety/GAT(H)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

pele

noun. fenced field

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. peler “fenced field, fenced field, [ᴱQ.] fence” ✧ Ety/PEL(ES)

Derivations

  • ᴹ√PEL(ES) “revolve on fixed point” ✧ Ety/PEL(ES)

Derivatives

  • N. pêl “fenced field” ✧ Ety/PEL(ES); Ety/PEL(ES)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√PEL(ES) > pele[peles] > [pele]✧ Ety/PEL(ES)
ᴹ√PEL(ES) > pelesi > pelehi[pelesi] > [pelehi]✧ Ety/PEL(ES)

Variations

  • peleki ✧ EtyAC/PEL(ES)
Old Noldorin [Ety/PEL(ES); EtyAC/PEL(ES)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Ilkorin

fels

noun. fence

Cognates

  • En. helai “fence” ✧ PE13/147

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶pelesa “fence” ✧ PE13/147
    • ᴱ√PELE “fence in”
Early Ilkorin [PE13/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

helai

noun. fence

Cognates

  • Eilk. fels “fence” ✧ PE13/147
  • Eq. peler “fence” ✧ PE13/147
  • Et. pelera “fence” ✧ PE13/147

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶pelesa “fence” ✧ PE13/147
    • ᴱ√PELE “fence in”
Early Noldorin [PE13/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Solosimpi

pelera

noun. fence

Cognates

  • En. helai “fence” ✧ PE13/147

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶pelesa “fence” ✧ PE13/147
    • ᴱ√PELE “fence in”
Solosimpi [PE13/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

pele

root. *revolve

Derivatives

  • Eq. pelte- “to run” ✧ QL/073
  • Eq. pelko “leg” ✧ QL/073

Element in

Early Primitive Elvish [QL/073] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pele

root. fence in

Derivatives

  • ᴱ✶pelesa “fence”
    • Eilk. fels “fence” ✧ PE13/147
    • Eq. peler “fence” ✧ PE13/147
    • En. helai “fence” ✧ PE13/147
    • Et. pelera “fence” ✧ PE13/147
  • Eq. pelle “town” ✧ QL/073
  • Eq. pele- “to surround, fence in, pen in” ✧ QL/073
  • Eq. pelto “hedge, hedged field” ✧ QL/073
  • Eq. pelin “fenced in, pent” ✧ QL/073
  • Eq. pelma “pen” ✧ QL/073
  • G. pel “village, hamlet, -ham”
  • G. pless “hedge, fence”
  • G. pelu- “to fence, enclose”
  • G. pleg “hedge-stake, stake”
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/073] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pelesa

noun. fence

Derivations

  • ᴱ√PELE “fence in”

Derivatives

  • Eilk. fels “fence” ✧ PE13/147
  • Eq. peler “fence” ✧ PE13/147
  • En. helai “fence” ✧ PE13/147
  • Et. pelera “fence” ✧ PE13/147
Early Primitive Elvish [PE13/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

peler

noun. fence

Cognates

  • En. helai “fence” ✧ PE13/147

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶pelesa “fence” ✧ PE13/147
    • ᴱ√PELE “fence in”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶pelesa > peler[pelesa] > [pelesǝ] > [peles] > [peler]✧ PE13/147
Early Quenya [PE13/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by