Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Primitive Elvish

oẏo

root. salve, rub, oil

A root in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “salve, rub, oil”, with derivatives like ᴱQ. oine “unguent” and ᴱQ. oiwa “glossy” (QL/71). The probably represented an ancient palatal spirant [ç] or [ʝ] (PE12/15-16). In later writings √OY usually referred to “eternity”, whereas the root for “ointment” became ᴹ√(G)LIB.

Derivatives

  • Eq. oine “unguent” ✧ QL/071
  • Eq. oiwa “glossy” ✧ QL/071
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/071] Group: Eldamo. Published by

’o’o

root. *sea

A root in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with derivatives having to do with the sea such as ᴱQ. oar “merchild” and ᴱQ. Ô “The Sea, Ocean” (QL/70). G. ô “the sea” from the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon is probably related, but its Qenya cognate was given as ᴱQ. ua and its primitive form as ᴱ✶ou̯a (GL/61). In later writings Tolkien used different roots for the “sea”, such as √AY(AR) or √GAY(AR).

Derivatives

  • ᴱ✶ou̯a “the sea”
    • Eq. ua “the sea” ✧ GL/61
    • G. ô “the sea” ✧ GL/61
  • Eq. Ô “The Sea, Ocean” ✧ LT1A/Ónen; QL/070
  • Eq. oar “child of the sea, merchild” ✧ LT1A/Ónen; QL/070
  • Eq. oaris “mermaid, merchild” ✧ QL/070
  • Eq. Osse “God of Sea” ✧ LT1A/Ónen; QL/070
  • Eq. Ónen ✧ LT1A/Ónen
Early Primitive Elvish [LT1A/Ónen; QL/070] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ō

root. be, exist

Changes

  • OOŌ ✧ QL/069

Derivatives

  • Eq. ó- “to be” ✧ QL/069

Variations

  • OO ✧ QL/069 (OO)
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/069] Group: Eldamo. Published by

apa

preposition. to, on

Derivatives

  • En. ô “to, on” ✧ PE13/151
  • Et. pa “to, on” ✧ PE13/151
Early Primitive Elvish [PE13/151] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ou̯a

noun. the sea

Derivations

Derivatives

  • Eq. ua “the sea” ✧ GL/61
  • G. ô “the sea” ✧ GL/61
Early Primitive Elvish [GL/61] Group: Eldamo. Published by

root. be, exist

Derivatives

  • Eq. “so, yes (it is)” ✧ QL/064
  • Eq. ná- “to be, exist” ✧ QL/064
  • Eq. nanwa “being”
  • Eq. nasta “existence, being, creature” ✧ QL/064
  • Eq. nat “thing” ✧ QL/064
  • G. na- “to be”
  • G. nad “*thing”
  • G. nath “thing, affair, matter”
  • G. nast “being (abstract); being (creature)”

Element in

  • Eq. nea “it is, yes”
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/064] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ī

root. be

Derivatives

  • ᴱ✶-ya “present” ✧ PE16/140
  • Eq. e- “to be” ✧ PE16/140

Variations

  • ī ✧ PE16/140
Early Primitive Elvish [PE16/140] Group: Eldamo. Published by