Quenya 

nor-

verb. run

Quenya [PE 22:155] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

yur-

run

yur- vb. "run" (quoted in form yurin, translated "runs", but within Tolkien's later framework it looks like a 1st person aorist "I run")-QL:106 (cf. entry YUR in Etym)

Sindarin 

noro

~Noro~ lim

imp. of nor-, run. Noro lim, noro lim Asfaloth. 'Run swift, run swift Asfaloth'. >> nor-

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:18] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

noro

verb. run! ride!

Untranslated in LotR, but written nora-lim and rendered as "ride on" in RS/196 (not a literal translation) and later translated as "run swift" in RC/195. A verb nor- is attested in the old Gnomish lexicon, PE/11:61, with the meaning "to run, roll"

Sindarin [noro lim LotR/I:XII, RS/196, RC/195] Group: SINDICT. Published by

nor-

verb. to run (or leap) of animals or men, to run (or leap) of animals or men; [G.] to roll [of vehicles]

Cognates

  • Q. nor- “to run (or leap, of animals or men)” ✧ PE17/168

Derivations

  • NOR “run (or leap) of animals or men, run (or leap) of animals or men; [ᴹ√] run as of wheels, roll along, [ᴱ√] go smoothly, ride, spin” ✧ PE17/168

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
NOR > nor-[nor-]✧ PE17/168
NOR > onur[onōre] > [onūre] > [onūr] > [onur]✧ PE17/168
Sindarin [LotR/0213; PE17/018; PE17/168] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nor-

verb. to ride

Sindarin Group: SINDICT. Published by

nor-

verb. to run

Sindarin Group: SINDICT. Published by

lôd

verb. (he) floats

Sindarin [VT/45:29, X/LH] Group: SINDICT. Published by

tôl

verb. (he) comes

According to WJ/301, the expression tôl acharn "vengeance comes" was later changed to tûl acharn by Tolkien

Sindarin [Ety/395, WJ/254] Group: SINDICT. Published by

ónen

noun. I gave

Written onen in some editions of LotR. In the Qenyaqetsa, Qenya anta- is marked as having an irregular past tense áne. Assuming the same sound-shifts as observed in other words, this would indeed lead to onen in Sindarin, see PE/12:31 and TT/14:48-49

Sindarin [LotR/A(v)] Group: SINDICT. Published by

Lossoth

noun. the Snowmen

Sindarin [LotR/A, RGEO/70] loss+hoth. Group: SINDICT. Published by

dagorath

noun. all the battles

Sindarin [UT/395-396] Group: SINDICT. Published by

anfangrim

noun. the Longbeards (a tribe of Dwarves)

Sindarin [WJ/322] anfang+rim. Group: SINDICT. Published by

rochirrim

noun. horse-lords, the people of Rohan

Sindarin [LotR, etc.] rochir+rim. Group: SINDICT. Published by

avo

verb. don't!

Used as a negative adverb before an imperative: avo garo "don't do it!". Sometimes used as prefix: avgaro

Sindarin [WJ/371] Group: SINDICT. Published by

avon

verb. I won't

Sindarin [WJ/371] Group: SINDICT. Published by

cuio

verb. live!

Sindarin [LotR/VI:IV, Letters/308] Group: SINDICT. Published by

galadhad

noun. the Two Trees of Valinor

Sindarin [Orgaladhad LotR/D] Group: SINDICT. Published by

rammas

noun. (great) wall

Sindarin [LotR/V:I, LotR/Index] Group: SINDICT. Published by

anglennatha

verb. (he) will approach

Sindarin [SD/129-31] Group: SINDICT. Published by

lammas

noun. account of tongues

Sindarin [LR/167, WJ/206, WJ/393, X/LH] Group: SINDICT. Published by

falathrim

noun. people of the Falas

Sindarin [WJ/378] falas+rim. Group: SINDICT. Published by

drúwaith

noun. the wilderness of the Drû-men (q.v.)

Sindarin [UT/385] drû+gwaith. Group: SINDICT. Published by

lâf

verb. (he) licks

Sindarin [Ety/367, X/LH] Group: SINDICT. Published by

pêd

verb. (he) says

Sindarin [guren bêd enni VT/41:11] Group: SINDICT. Published by

nor

run

(verb) 1) nor- (i nôr, in nerir). Only attested as imperative noro! 2) *yr-. Only the ”Old Noldorin” form yurine* ”I run” is given in the source; the verbal stem would become ior**- in ”Noldorin”, but apparently *yr- in Sindarin. Compare COURSE, q.v., where the words come from the same root __-.

Primitive elvish

nor

root. run (or leap) of animals or men, run (or leap) of animals or men; [ᴹ√] run as of wheels, roll along, [ᴱ√] go smoothly, ride, spin

This root was the basis for Elvish words having to do with “running” and (in earlier notes) “rolling” for much of Tolkien’s life. It first appeared as ᴱ√NORO “run, go smoothly, ride, spin” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s (QL/67), and it had derivatives in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon like G. nor- “run, roll” (GL/61) as well as dronn “race, course, track” < ✱n’rond- (GL/31). ᴹ√NORO “run as of wheels, roll along” reappeared in a page of roots in the Quenya Verbal System of the 1940s, though this page was deleted (PE22/127 note #152). √NOR “run (or leap: of animals, men etc.)” also appeared in some etymological notes associated with The Lord of the Rings, probably from the late 1950s (PE17/168).

Neo-Eldarin: For purposes of Neo-Eldarin, I’d retain both senses “run” and “roll” for this root, but limit the latter to the rolling of wheels as an extrapolation from the movement of legs.

Derivatives

  • Q. nor- “to run (or leap, of animals or men)” ✧ PE17/168
  • ᴺQ. norollë “cart”
  • Q. norta- “to make run (specially used of riding horses or other animals), ride” ✧ PE17/168
  • S. nor- “to run (or leap) of animals or men, to run (or leap) of animals or men; [G.] to roll [of vehicles]” ✧ PE17/168
  • ᴺS. norn “[G.] wheel”
  • S. north “riding, race (of people running), charge or gallop” ✧ PE17/168
  • S. northa- “to make run, to make run, *ride; [G.] to send rolling [as a vehicle], speed” ✧ PE17/168
Primitive elvish [PE17/168; PE17/169; PE17/181] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

orthor

verb. (he) masters, conquers

Noldorin [Ety/395] Group: SINDICT. Published by

osgar

verb. (he) cuts, amputates

Noldorin [Ety/379] Group: SINDICT. Published by

sôg

verb. (he) drinks

Noldorin [Ety/388] Group: SINDICT. Published by

tôg

verb. (he) leads, brings

Noldorin [Ety/395] Group: SINDICT. Published by

tôl

verb. (he) comes

According to WJ/301, the expression tôl acharn "vengeance comes" was later changed to tûl acharn by Tolkien

Noldorin [Ety/395, WJ/254] Group: SINDICT. Published by

lhôd

verb. (he) floats

Noldorin [VT/45:29, X/LH] Group: SINDICT. Published by

lhammas

noun. account of tongues

Noldorin [LR/167, WJ/206, WJ/393, X/LH] Group: SINDICT. Published by

thia

verb. it appears

Noldorin [Ety/392] Group: SINDICT. Published by

síla

verb. (he) shines white

Noldorin [LB/354] Group: SINDICT. Published by

blâb

verb. (he) flaps, beats

The Etymologies seem to list this word as a noun, but it is clearly the third person singular of the verb

Noldorin [Ety/380] Group: SINDICT. Published by

lhâf

verb. (he) licks

Noldorin [Ety/367, X/LH] Group: SINDICT. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish

nor

root. run as of wheels, roll along

Derivatives

  • N. nor- “*to run”

Variations

  • NORO ✧ PE22/127 (NORO)
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE22/127] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yur

root. run

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “run” with derivatives like ON. yur- “run” and N. iôr “course” (Ety/YUR). It was a later iteration of ᴱ√ẎURU “run” from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with derivatives like ᴱQ. yuro “a run, race” and ᴱQ. yuru- “run” (QL/106). For purposes of Neo-Eldarin, it is probably better to stick to the better attested root √NOR.

Derivatives

  • ᴺQ. yur- “to run”
  • On. yur- “to run” ✧ Ety/YUR
  • On. yura “course” ✧ Ety/YUR
    • N. iôr “course” ✧ Ety/YUR
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/YUR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

noro

root. run, go smoothly, ride, spin

Derivatives

  • ᴱ✶Noronōr-
    • Eq. Nornore “Herald of the Gods” ✧ GL/31
    • G. Dronúrin “Messenger of the Gods” ✧ GL/31
  • Eq. nornoro- “to run on, run smoothly and hum” ✧ LT1A/Nornorë; QL/067
  • Eq. norolle “cart”
  • G. drô “wheel track, rut” ✧ LT1A/Nornorë
  • G. nor- “to run, roll” ✧ LT1A/Nornorë
  • G. norn “wheel” ✧ LT1A/Nornorë
  • G. dronn “race, course, track” ✧ LT1A/Nornorë
  • G. northa- “to send rolling, speed”
  • G. nûr “smooth, rolling free, easy, easy going” ✧ LT1A/Nornorë
Early Primitive Elvish [LT1A/Nornorë; QL/067] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ẏuru

root. run

Derivatives

  • Eq. yuro “a run, race” ✧ QL/106
  • Eq. yuru- “to run” ✧ QL/106
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nořo

root. NOŘO

Early Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

ndoðo Speculative

root. *oak

Derivatives

  • Eq. nor “oak” ✧ QL/067
  • Eq. norne “oak (tree), oak in general” ✧ QL/067
  • G. dorn(a) “(holm) oak, ilex”

Variations

  • NOŘO ✧ QL/067 (NOŘO)
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/067] Group: Eldamo. Published by