Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish

ñgan(ad)

root. play (on stringed instrument)

This root is attested only in The Etymologies (Ety/ÑGAN), where it was glossed “play (on stringed instrument)” and was the basis of various words, mostly from its extend form √ÑGANAD. Neither it or any of its derivatives appear in later writings. The later Quenya words Q. tanta- “to harp” and tant(il)a “harp” (VT41/10) might indicate its replacement by another root (?√TANAT or ?√KYANAT), but none of the derivatives of √ÑGAN(AD) were given new meanings, so perhaps this root remained valid.

Conceptual Development: The Early Qenya root ᴱ√KᴬNTᴬN is probably the precursor of ᴹ√ÑGAN(AD). The strongest indication of this was the shift of the ᴱQ. vorokantele “monotonous repetition” in the Qenya Lexicon (QL/45) to ᴹQ. vorongandele “continual repetition (harping on one tune)” in The Etymologies (Ety/ÑGAN).

ᴱQ. kantl “large harp” (< ᴱ√KᴬNTᴬN) might have developed conceptually into the later Q. tant(il)a “harp”, which might be an indirect derivative of an unattested root KYANAT (<< ᴱ√KᴬNTᴬN) via Telerin in the same way that Q. telpë “silver” developed from √KYELEP under influence of T. telpe*. This is entirely speculative, however.

Neo-Eldarin: For Neo-Eldarin purposes, I would suggest using ᴹ√ÑGAN(AD) and its larger set of derivatives over hypothetical √TANAT or √KYANAT, which has only Quenya derivatives. For example, nande was used in NQNT over tant(il)a.

Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ÑGAN; Ety/TYAL; EtyAC/ÑGAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by