Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!



noun. harp

A noun meaning “harp” derived from the root ᴹ√ÑGAN(AD) (Ety/ÑGAN), probably from a primitive form ✱✶ngandellē based on its Quenya cognate ᴹQ. nandelle. Its plural form genglin is a good representation of the rules for plural nouns in Ilkorin: the suffix -in, the syncope of the final vowel and mutation of other vowels. It is also an example of how primitive [[ilk|[nd] sometimes became [ŋg]]] in Ilkorin. As suggested by Helge Fauskanger, this may be due to assimilation to the preceding [g] (AL-Ilkorin/gangel).


  • ᴹQ. nandelle “little harp, little harp, *lyre” ✧ Ety/ÑGAN


  • ᴹ√ÑGAN(AD) “play (on stringed instrument)” ✧ Ety/ÑGAN

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√ÑGANAD > gangel[ŋgandellē] > [ŋgandelle] > [ŋgandell] > [ŋgaŋgell] > [ŋgaŋgel] > [gaŋgel]✧ Ety/ÑGAN
Doriathrin [Ety/ÑGAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by