Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

atan

noun. Man

Element in

man

pronoun. what

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
ma“interrogative particle”

Variations

  • Man ✧ LR/072
Qenya [LR/059; LR/063; LR/072] Group: Eldamo. Published by

veo

noun. man

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶wegō “man; warrior” ✧ Ety/WEG
    • ᴹ√WEG “(manly) vigour” ✧ Ety/ING; Ety/WEG

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶wegō > veo[wegō] > [weɣō] > [weo] > [veo]✧ Ety/WEG
Qenya [Ety/WEG; EtyAC/WEG] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mana

pronoun. who

Element in

manu

noun. departed spirit

Changes

  • mānomānu “departed spirit” ✧ EtyAC/MAN

Cognates

  • Ad. manô “spirit”
  • N. mân “departed spirit” ✧ Ety/MAN; EtyAC/MAN

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MAN “holy spirit” ✧ Ety/MAN
  • ᴹ✶manō “departed spirit” ✧ EtyAC/MAN
    • ᴹ√MAN “holy spirit” ✧ EtyAC/MAN

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MAN > manu[manu]✧ Ety/MAN
ᴹ✶manō > māno[manō] > [mano]✧ EtyAC/MAN

Variations

  • mānu ✧ EtyAC/MAN (mānu)
  • māno ✧ EtyAC/MAN (māno)
  • manna ✧ EtyAC/MAN (manna)
Qenya [Ety/MAN; EtyAC/MAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. hand

Cognates

  • On. “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶māʒ “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; PE18/035
    • ᴹ√MAƷ “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ
  • ᴹ✶magā “hand” ✧ EtyAC/MAƷ
    • ᴹ√MAG “use, handle” ✧ EtyAC/MAƷ

Element in

  • ᴹQ. númessier “and he gave it into the hands of the Lords: they are in the West” ✧ LR/072
  • ᴹQ. Lunguma “Heavy Hand”
  • ᴹQ. maite “handy, skilled”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶māʒ > [māɣ] > [mā]✧ Ety/MAƷ
ᴹ✶magā > [magā] > [maɣā] > [mā]✧ EtyAC/MAƷ
ᴹ✶ > [mā]✧ PE18/035

Variations

  • ✧ Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/MAƷ (); PE18/035; PE21/40; PE22/021
Qenya [Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/MAƷ; LR/072; PE18/035; PE21/40; PE22/021] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. land, region

Changes

  • “hand” ✧ PE21/41

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶ “land” ✧ PE21/38

Element in

  • ᴹQ. ilduma “heaven” ✧ PE21/08; PE21/38

Variations

  • ✧ PE21/08 ()
  • mā- ✧ PE21/38 (mā-)
  • ✧ PE21/41; PE21/41 ()
Qenya [PE21/08; PE21/38; PE21/41] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fire

noun. mortal man

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “mortal man” derived from the root ᴹ√PHIR “die of natural causes” (Ety/PHIR).

Cognates

  • N. feir “mortal man, mortal” ✧ Ety/PHIR

Derivations

  • ᴹ√PHIR “die of natural causes” ✧ Ety/PHIR

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√PHIR > fire[pʰire] > [ɸire] > [fire]✧ Ety/PHIR

mahtar

noun. warrior, warrior, [ᴱQ.] soldier

Changes

  • mahtarmahtar “swordsman” ✧ EtyAC/MAK

Cognates

  • N. maethor “warrior” ✧ Ety/MAK

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MAK “sword; fight (with a sword), cleave” ✧ Ety/MAK; EtyAC/MAK

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MAK > mahtar[maktar] > [maxtar]✧ Ety/MAK
Qenya [Ety/MAK; EtyAC/MAK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. man, warrior

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶wegō “man; warrior” ✧ PE21/01; PE21/41
    • ᴹ√WEG “(manly) vigour” ✧ Ety/ING; Ety/WEG

Element in

  • ᴹQ. -we “masculine suffix” ✧ PE21/01

Variations

  • ✧ PE21/01; PE21/41
Qenya [PE21/01; PE21/41] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nér

noun. man, adult male

Cognates

  • On. dîr “adult male, man (elf/mortal/other speaking race)” ✧ Ety/DER
  • N. dîr “man, adult male; agental suffix” ✧ Ety/DER
  • On. ndair “bridegroom” ✧ Ety/NDER
  • N. doer “bridegroom” ✧ Ety/NDER

Derivations

  • ᴹ√(N)DER “adult male, man; bridegroom” ✧ Ety/DER; Ety/NĒR
  • ᴹ✶ndǣr “bridegroom” ✧ Ety/NDER
    • ᴹ✶ndḗro “bridegroom” ✧ Ety/NDER
    • ᴹ√(N)DER “adult male, man; bridegroom” ✧ Ety/NDER
    • ᴹ√(N)DER “adult male, man; bridegroom” ✧ Ety/NĪ¹
  • ᴹ✶dēr “man” ✧ Ety/NĪ¹; PE21/69
    • ᴹ√(N)DER “adult male, man; bridegroom” ✧ Ety/NDER; Ety/NĪ¹; PE18/035

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√DER > nér[ndēr] > [nēr]✧ Ety/DER
ᴹ✶ndǣr > nér[ndǣr] > [ndēr] > [nēr]✧ Ety/NDER
ᴹ√der > NĒ̆R[ndēr] > [nēr]✧ Ety/NĒR
ᴹ✶dēr > nér[ndēr] > [nēr]✧ Ety/NĪ¹
ᴹ✶nĕrĕ > nēr[nēr]✧ PE21/69

Variations

  • NĒ̆R ✧ Ety/NĒR
  • NĒR ✧ Ety/WEG; EtyAC/NĒR
  • nēr ✧ PE21/16; PE21/17; PE21/69
Qenya [Ety/DER; Ety/NDER; Ety/NĒR; Ety/NĪ¹; Ety/WEG; EtyAC/NĒR; PE21/16; PE21/17; PE21/19; PE21/20; PE21/21; PE21/52; PE21/60; PE21/62; PE21/65; PE21/69; PE22/120; PE22/124] Group: Eldamo. Published by

etta

pronoun. his

Element in

ohtakáro

noun. warrior

Changes

  • ohtakároohtatyaro “warrior” ✧ Ety/KAR

Elements

WordGloss
ohta“war”
káro“doer, actor, agent”

Variations

  • ohtakaro ✧ EtyAC/KAR (ohtakaro)
Qenya [Ety/KAR; EtyAC/KAR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ohtatyaro

noun. warrior

Elements

WordGloss
ohta“war”
tyaro“doer, actor, agent”