Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 


verb. to illuminate

A verb in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “illuminate” derived from the root ᴹ√KAL “shine” (Ety/KAL).

Conceptual Development: A verb ᴱQ. kalu- or kallu- “to light up, illuminate” appeared in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s as a derivative of the early root ᴱ√KALA “shine golden” (QL/44).


  • ᴺS. celia- “to illuminate, light up; to illustrate”


  • ᴹ√KAL “shine” ✧ Ety/KAL

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√KAL > kalya-[kalja-]✧ Ety/KAL


  • kalya ✧ EtyAC/KAL
Qenya [Ety/KAL; EtyAC/KAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by