Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Primitive Elvish


root. dwell‽

Early Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. dwell‽

A root in the Qenya and Gnomish Lexicons given as ᴱ√IŘI (QL/43) and iđ- (GL/50), the latter more representative of its true form. In the Qenya Lexicon it was glossed “dwell”, but Tolkien marked this gloss with a “?”. It had derivatives like ᴱQ. indo/G. ind “house”, ᴱQ. irmin/G. Idhru “world”, and ᴱQ. Indi/G. idhrin “men, earth dwellers”. Based on the last of these, a probable variant is the deleted root ᴱ√(I)LÐ(I)L, also in the Qenya Lexicon with the (rejected) derivative ᴱQ. ildi “men” (QL/42).

There are no signs of this root in Tolkien’s later writing, and both “men” and “world” were generally derived from other roots, the latter from √MBAR “dwell”, the likeliest replacement for this root.


  • Eq. irmin “the inhabited world” ✧ LT2A/Idril; QL/043
  • Eq. Indi “Men, Earth Dwellers” ✧ LT2A/Idril; QL/043
  • Eq. indo “house” ✧ LT2A/Idril; QL/043
  • Eq. irin “town” ✧ LT2A/Idril; QL/043
  • G. idhwin “*Man (f.)” ✧ GL/50
  • G. idhweg “*Man (m.)” ✧ GL/50
  • G. idhrin “men, earth dwellers” ✧ GL/50; LT2A/Idril
  • G. Idhru “the world” ✧ GL/50; LT2A/Idril
  • G. idhruglin “the language of Men” ✧ GL/50
  • G. ind “house, abode” ✧ LT2A/Idril
  • G. inna “in home, to its house/its right place”
  • G. inni “home, at home, in right place”
  • G. Isbaroth “Creatures of the Earth” ✧ GL/50

Element in

  • ᴱ✶ai-idh “nest” ✧ GL/17


  • idh ✧ GL/17
  • iđ- ✧ GL/50
  • IRI ✧ LT2A/Idril
  • IŘI ✧ QL/043
Early Primitive Elvish [GL/17; GL/50; LT2A/Idril; QL/043] Group: Eldamo. Published by

iri Reconstructed

root. wish, intend


  • Eq. irya “wish”
  • G. erth “wish”
  • G. îr- “to be willing; to will, intend to, mean to”
  • G. irm “a wish, intention, resolve”
  • G. irn “desired, wished for”
Early Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by