Noldorin 

herves

noun. wife

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s for “wife”, a combination of ᴹ√KHER “govern” and N. bess “woman” (which itself archaically meant “wife”), the latter element based on the root ᴹ√BES “wed” (Ety/BES, KHER).

Conceptual Development: A precursor to this word was ᴱQ. herivesti “wife, ✱lady spouse” from Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, which was assembled from elements similar to N. herves, but in the Qenya branch of the language instead.

Neo-Sindarin: In later writings, Tolkien seems to have revised ᴹ√BES > √BER as the basis for marriage words (VT49/45). However, I prefer to retain the 1930s root ᴹ√BES and would therefore use herves for “wife”. However, in later writings Tolkien also used the short form bess for “wife” as well (SD/129), so I consider herves to be more formal.

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KHER “rule, govern, possess” ✧ Ety/KHER

Elements

WordGloss
KHER“rule, govern, possess”
bess“woman; †wife”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KHER > hervess[kʰerbesse] > [xerbesse] > [xervesse] > [xervess] > [hervess] > [herves]✧ Ety/KHER

Variations

  • hervess ✧ Ety/KHER
Noldorin [Ety/BES; Ety/KHER] Group: Eldamo. Published by

herves

noun. wife

Noldorin [Ety/352, Ety/364] hîr+bess. Group: SINDICT. Published by

hervess

noun. wife

Noldorin [Ety/352, Ety/364] hîr+bess. Group: SINDICT. Published by

hervess

noun. wife