Quenya 

núlë

black arts, secrecy

núlë ("ñ")noun "black arts, secrecy" (PE17:125)

Nolmë

knowledge, philosophy (including science)

Nolmë ("ñ")noun "knowledge, Philosophy (including Science)" (PM:360 cf. 344)

nolmë

noun. knowledge, philosophy (including science), department of wisdom (science, etc.)
Quenya [PM/344; PM/360] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nolwë

wisdom, secret lore

nolwë ("ñ")noun "wisdom, secret lore" (ÑGOL)

sairina

magic

sairina adj.? "magic" (evidently adj. rather than noun) (GL:72)

ista

knowledge

ista (1) noun "knowledge" (IS). Also istya.

istare

noun. knowledge
Quenya [PE 22:110] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

istya

knowledge

istya noun "knowledge" (IS). Also ista (#1).

issë

knowledge, lore

issë noun "knowledge, lore" (LT2:339; rather ista or istya in Tolkien's later Quenya)

handë

knowledge, understanding, intelligence

handë noun "knowledge, understanding, intelligence" (KHAN). Note: *handë is (probably) also the past tense of the verb har- "sit".

fairë

phantom, disembodied spirit, when seen as a pale shape

fairë(1) noun "phantom, disembodied spirit, when seen as a pale shape" (pl. fairi in Markirya); compare ausa. The noun fairë was also used = "spirit (in general)", as a kind of being (MR:349, PE17:124). In VT43:37 and VT44:17, fairë refers to the Holy Spirit (fairë aista or Aina Fairë)

* sairina

adjective. magic, *magical
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

* luhtu

noun. magic, spell
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin 

gûl

noun. black arts, sorcery, (evil) knowledge, *[N.] magic, *[ᴱN.] wisdom
Sindarin [MR/350; MR/470; MR/471; PE17/031; PE17/032; PE17/079; PE17/125; SA/gûl; WJ/383] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gûl

noun. magic lore, long study (being used mostly of secret knowledge, especially such as possessed by artificers who made wonderful things)
Sindarin [Ety/377, S/432, MR/350, WJ/383] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gûl

evil and necromantic arts

_n. _evil and necromantic arts, black arts, sorcery. A loan from B.S. Tolkien notes that "gūl in B.S. is probably from S.". Q. ñūle.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:31-2] < ÑGUL. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

gûl

noun. perverted or evil knowledge, sorcery, necromancy
Sindarin [Ety/377, S/432, MR/350, WJ/383] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gûl

noun. black arts

n. black arts, sorcery. Q. ñúle, B.S. gûl 'wraith' is probably derived from Sindarin.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:125] < ÑGUL (possibly in origin simply a variant of ÑGOL applied to a darker shade ?) dark, with sinister connotations. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

gûl

noun. knowledge

n. knowledge, deep knowledge not 'occult' in modern sense, but applied to the deper knowledge of the 'wise' or skilled persons, not kept secret (as [?among the] Elves) but not attainable by all. Q. ñōle, B.S. gûl phantom, shadow of dark magic, necromancer, slave, servant?. The B.S. word gûl was prob. derived from ngōl-.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:79] < _ngōl_-. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

guldur

noun. black arts, sorcery
Sindarin [PE17/125] Group: Eldamo. Published by

guldur

noun. (dark) sorcery
Sindarin gûl+dûr. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

morgul

noun. black arts, sorcery, necromancy
Sindarin [Ety/377, S/432, WJ/383, MR/350, RC/482] morn+gûl "dark magic". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

morgul

noun. black arts, sorcery, necromancy

The Sindaril word for black magic, a compound of morn “black, dark” and gûl “(evil) knowledge” (PE17/125). Since the adjectival element “black” appears first in the word, this is probably an older compound, though its elements are still discernible. The word guldur is later compound of similar meaning, but with the adjectival element second.

Conceptual Development: The word N. morgul “sorcery” appeared in The Etymologies from the 1930s as a marginal note for the root ᴹ√ÑGOL (EtyAC/ÑGOL). In Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, this word first appeared as N. morgol in the name N. Minas Morgol (TI/127), then later as N. morghul in the names N. Minas Morghul (TI/146) and N. Imlad Morghul (WR/223), before eventually being replaced by N/S. morgul everywhere. It therefore seems likely that the marginal note in The Etymologies was written after the introduction of this word in Lord of the Rings drafts.

Sindarin [Let/382; MR/350; PE17/031; PE17/036; PE17/125; PMI/Morgul; RC/482; SA/gûl; SI/Morgul; WJ/383] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* gûl

magic

1) gûl (i ngûl = i ñûl, o n**gûl = o ñgûl, construct gul) (sorcery, necromancy, evil knowledge), pl. guil (in guil = i ñguil) (Silm:App, MR:250, WJ:383), 2) angol (deep lore), pl. engyl**. Note: a homophone means "stench". DARK MAGIC, see .

* gûl

sorcery

1) gûl (i ngûl = i ñûl, o n**gûl = o ñgûl, construct gul) (magic, necromancy, evil knowledge), pl. guil (in guil** = i ñguil) (Silm:App, MR:250, WJ:383), 2)

* gûl

necromancy

gûl (i ngûl = i ñûl, o n**gûl = o ñgûl, construct gul) (magic, sorcery, evil knowledge), pl. guil (in guil** = i ñguil) (Silm:App, MR:250, WJ:383)

* gûl

evil knowledge

gûl (i ngûl = i ñûl, o n**gûl = o ñgûl, construct gul) (magic, sorcery, necromancy), pl. guil (in guil** = i ñguil) (Silm:App, MR:250, WJ:383)

* gûl

evil knowledge

gûl (i ngûl = i ñûl, o n**gûl = o ñgûl, construct gul) (magic, sorcery, necromancy), pl. guil (in guil** = i ñguil) (Silm:App, MR:250, WJ:383)

* morgul

sorcery

morgul (i vorgul), pl. morgyl or mergyl (i morgyl/i mergyl for archaic *mörgyl), 3) durgul (i dhurgul), pl. durgyl (i nurgyl). [Or pl. dyrgyl, i nyrgyl? However, the pl. Dúnedain rather than **Dýnedain would suggest that u does not have to be umlauted in the pl. when it occurs in the first part of a compound, and durgul incorporates dur- "black, dark", dur-gûl implying "dark lore/knowledge".]. The word also appears with the elements reversed: guldur (i nguldur = i ñuldur), pl. guldyr (in guldyr = i ñguldyr), or possibly pl. gyldyr (in gyldyr = i ñgyldyr).

* golu

wisdom

*golu (i ngolu = i ñolu, o n**golu = o ñgolu) (secret lore), analogical pl. gely (in gely = i ñgely) if there is a pl. Archaic golw, hence golwath** as the likely coll. pl.

* ist

knowledge

ist (lore); no distinct pl. form.

Black Speech

gûl

suffix. phantom, shadow of dark magic, wraith, †black arts, sorcery
Black Speech [MR/350; PE17/031; PE17/079; PE17/125; RC/762] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gûldur

noun. sorcery
Black Speech [PE17/079] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

ñgol

root. knowledge, wisdom, lore, *[ᴹ√] wise, *be wise
Primitive elvish [PE17/079; PM/344; PM/360; SA/gûl; WJ/383] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

gûl

noun. magic
Noldorin [Ety/ÑGOL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gûl

noun. magic lore, long study (being used mostly of secret knowledge, especially such as possessed by artificers who made wonderful things)
Noldorin [Ety/377, S/432, MR/350, WJ/383] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gûl

noun. perverted or evil knowledge, sorcery, necromancy
Noldorin [Ety/377, S/432, MR/350, WJ/383] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

durgul

noun. sorcery
Noldorin [EtyAC/ÑGOL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

morgul

noun. sorcery
Noldorin [EtyAC/ÑGOL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ista-

verb. to have knowledge
Noldorin [Ety/361, VT/45:18] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Edain

nóm

noun. Wisdom, The Wise

Probably deliberately similar to Gnome @@@

Edain [LRI/Nóm; S/141; SI/Nóm; SMI/Nóm; WJ/217; WJI/Noldor; WJI/Nóm; WJI/Nómin; WJI/Samûri; WJI/Sômar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sômar

noun. Wisdom
Edain [WJ/226; WJI/Noldor; WJI/Samûri; WJI/Sômar; WJI/Vidri] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vidri

noun. Wisdom
Edain [WJ/202; WJI/Vidri] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

nolwe

noun. wisdom, (secret) lore
Qenya [Ety/ÑGOL; EtyAC/ÑGOL; PE22/022] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nóle

noun. wisdom
Qenya [Ety/ÑGOL; EtyAC/ÑGOL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hande

noun. knowledge, understanding
Qenya [Ety/KHAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ista

noun. knowledge
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

istare

noun. knowledge
Qenya [PE22/110] Group: Eldamo. Published by

istya

noun. knowledge
Qenya [Ety/IS; PE21/12; PE21/13; PE22/020] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

durgul

noun. sorcery

A Doriathrin noun for “sorcery” (Ety/ÑGOL). The elements of this word seem to be a combination of derivatives of the roots ᴹ√DOƷ and ᴹ√ÑGOL. If it were derived from such a primitive form, it would imply that in its phonological history the [o] because [u] in both syllables. This does not seem to be a general rule in Ilkorin, however: compare Ilk. dorn and (n)golo. A simpler explanation would be that it was a loan word from Noldorin: N. durgul seen in a marginal note (EtyAC/ÑGOL).

Conceptual Development: There is a rejected form dûghol in this entry of The Etymologies that may represent Tolkien’s first attempt to formulate a native Ilkorin word for “sorcery” (EtyAC/ÑGOL). Similar forms appear among the precursors to S. Dol Guldur in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s: Dol Dúgol or Dol Dúghol (TI/178; WR/122). The entry also has a deleted variant form of gûl of Ilk. (n)gôl, so it may be Tolkien originally envisioned a different phonological history of [o] in Ilkorin allowing the production of words like durgul. Perhaps he added the Noldorin form durgul in the margin because he abandoned [o] > [u] in Ilkorin.

Doriathrin [Ety/ÑGOL; EtyAC/ÑGOL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

morgul

noun. sorcery

A Doriathrin noun for “sorcery”, written as mor(n)gul indicating the loss of an earlier n (Ety/ÑGOL). The elements of this word seem to be a combination of derivatives of the roots ᴹ√MOR and ᴹ√ÑGOL. The u in the final element -gul is problematic phonetically, as it is in the similar word durgul. Tolkien first wrote this word as morgol (EtyAC/ÑGOL), probably reflecting this phonetic uncertainty. As with durgul, Tolkien may have resolved this uncertainty by deciding this word was Noldorin, since N. morgul appears in a marginal note in The Etymologies (EtyAC/ÑGOL).

Doriathrin [Ety/ÑGOL; EtyAC/ÑGOL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

golo

noun. magic, lore
Doriathrin Group: Eldamo. Published by

(n)golo

noun. magic, lore

A Doriathrin noun for “magic, lore” from the primitive root ᴹ√ÑGOL (Ety/ÑGOL), most likely from the primitive form ŋgolwe based on its Quenya cognate ᴹQ. nolwe. In the entry for ÑGOL in The Etymologies, it appeared as (n)golo*, indicating a variation of the usual rule that [[ilk|initial [ŋg] became [g]]] in Ilkorin. After its final vowel was lost, the [[ilk|final [w] became [u]]], which then became [o], the only Doriathrin example of this second change.

Doriathrin [Ety/ÑGOL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

luk

root. magic, enchantment
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/LUK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Taliska

widris

noun. Wisdom
Taliska [LR/275; LRI/Widris; WJI/Vidri] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

curu

noun. magic
Gnomish [GL/28; LT1A/Tolli Kuruvar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thairin

adjective. magic
Gnomish [GL/72] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ais

noun. knowledge, wisdom
Gnomish [GL/18] Group: Eldamo. Published by

santhi

noun. knowledge, experience (in) or skill (in)
Gnomish [GL/67] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

gûl

noun. wisdom
Early Noldorin [PE13/156] Group: Eldamo. Published by

curw

noun. magic
Early Noldorin [PE13/141] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lhuth

noun. magic, spell
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

kuru

noun. magic, wizardry
Early Quenya [LT1A/Tolli Kuruvar; PME/049; QL/049] Group: Eldamo. Published by

luhtu

noun. magic, spell
Early Quenya [PE13/163] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sairina

adjective. magic
Early Quenya [GL/72] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tengwe

noun. knowledge, understanding, idea, notion, thought
Early Quenya [PE16/145; PME/091; QL/070; QL/091] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qímar

noun. phantom
Early Quenya [MC/213] Group: Eldamo. Published by