Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish


root. dread

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “dread” with two variations: ᴹ√GOS and ᴹ√GOTH (Ety/GOS). It was an element in quite a few names in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, such as ᴹQ. Mandos “Dread Imprisoner” (Ety/MBAD), ᴹQ. Osse (Ety/GOS), N. Gothmog (Ety/MBAW), N. Tauros “Forest-Dread” (Ety/TÁWAR), and N. Dor-Daideloth “Land of the Shadow of Dread” (LR/405), the last of these containing N. deloth “abhorrence, detestation, loathing” = ᴹ√DYEL + ᴹ√GOTH (Ety/DYEL).

In Tolkien’s later writings, many of these names were given new forms or etymologies: Q. Mandos “Castle of Custody” = mando + osto (MR/350); Q. Ossë as an adaptation of his Valarin name Oš(o)šai (WJ/400); S. Tauron “Forester” (PM/358). This calls into question whether ᴹ√GOS or ᴹ√GOTH survived as a root. It does have a few useful derivatives for the purposes of Neo-Eldarin, however, such as N. gosta- “fear exceedingly”.




  • ᴹ✶Goss “Osse” ✧ Ety/GOS
    • ᴹQ. Osse ✧ Ety/GOS
  • ᴹQ. osse “terror” ✧ Ety/GOS
  • N. Oeros “Osse” ✧ Ety/GOS
  • N. gost “dread, terror” ✧ Ety/GOS
  • N. gosta- “to fear exceedingly” ✧ Ety/GOS
  • N. Gostir “Dread-glance” ✧ Ety/THĒ

Element in

  • ᴹ✶angosse “horror” ✧ Ety/GOS
  • ᴹ✶Gothombauk- ✧ Ety/MBAW
  • ᴹQ. Mandos “(Dread) Imprisoner” ✧ Ety/MBAD; Ety/MBAD
  • N. Bannos “Mandos, Dread Imprisoner” ✧ Ety/MBAD
  • N. deloth “abhorrence, detestation, loathing” ✧ Ety/DYEL
  • N. Oeros “Osse”
  • N. Gothmog “Voice of Goth” ✧ Ety/GOS
  • N. Tauros “Lord of Forests; (lit.) Forest-Dread” ✧ Ety/TÁWAR


  • GOTH ✧ Ety/DYEL; Ety/GOS; Ety/KOT; Ety/ÑGOROTH
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/DYEL; Ety/GOS; Ety/KOT; Ety/MBAD; Ety/MBAW; Ety/ÑGOROTH; Ety/TÁWAR; Ety/THĒ; EtyAC/GOS] Group: Eldamo. Published by


noun/adjective. dread

Element in

Middle Primitive Elvish [PE21/32] Group: Eldamo. Published by