Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish


root. think out, devise, contrive

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “think out, devise, contrive”, appearing beside a variant ᴹ√GOWO (Ety/GAWA). Its most notable derivative is the name Q. Aulë, which Tolkien usually translated as “Maker” (S/44) or “Smith” (LotR/1137). Its Noldorin counterpart in the 1930s was N. Gaul, replacing G. Ôla from the 1910s, but Tolkien did not revisit the etymology of Aulë’s name in his later writings. This leaves ᴹ√GAWA as the best known basis for this name, and its 1930s meaning remains consistent with later tranlations of Aulë.


  • ᴹQ. aule “invention” ✧ Ety/GAWA
  • ᴺQ. auma “machine”
  • ᴹQ. auta- “to invent, originate, devise” ✧ Ety/GAWA
  • N. gaud “device, contrivance, machine” ✧ Ety/GAWA
  • ᴺS. gauda- “to invent, originate, devise”
  • N. Gaul “Aule” ✧ Ety/GAWA

Element in

  • N. Belegol “Great Aule” ✧ Ety/BEL


  • GAWA ✧ Ety/BEL; Ety/GAWA; Ety/LEP
  • GOWO ✧ Ety/GAWA
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/BEL; Ety/GAWA; Ety/LEP] Group: Eldamo. Published by


noun. void


  • ᴹ√GAS “yawn, gape” ✧ Ety/GAS


  • N. gaw “void” ✧ Ety/GAS


  • gása ✧ EtyAC/GAS (On. gása)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GAS; EtyAC/GAS] Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. void

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “void”, with derivatives like ᴹQ. kúma “void” and N. caun “empty” (Ety/KUM). It was probably also the basis of ᴹQ. kumba in ᴹQ. saurikumba in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, unglossed but probably “✱foul-bellied” (SD/86).


  • ᴺQ. cumya- “to empty”
  • ᴹQ. kúma “void” ✧ Ety/KUM
  • ᴹQ. kumba “*bellied”
  • ᴹQ. kumna “empty” ✧ Ety/KUM
  • ᴺS. com “bellied”
  • N. caun “empty, void” ✧ Ety/KUM
  • ᴺS. covra- “to empty”
  • ᴺS. cum “belly”
  • On. kūma “void” ✧ Ety/KUM

Element in

  • ᴹQ. Avakúma “Exterior Void” ✧ Ety/AWA
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/AWA; Ety/KUM] Group: Eldamo. Published by