Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish


root. joy, be glad

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “joy, be glad” that is an extension of ᴹ√GALA “thrive” (Ety/GALAS). Its two most notable derivatives were ᴹQ. alasse and N. glass “joy”. The appearance of Q. alassë “happiness” in the so-called “Merin Sentence” (MS), probably written after the publication of The Lord of the Rings, indicates that this root may have remained valid.


  • GAL(AS)GALA “prosperity, abundance, wealth, gladness” ✧ Ety/GALA


  • ᴹ√GAL “grow, thrive” ✧ Ety/GALA


  • ᴺ✶. galast- “marble, (orig.) thing pleasant to touch”
    • ᴺQ. alas “marble”
    • ᴺS. glast “marble”
  • ᴺQ. alarya- “to be happy or merry, rejoice”
  • ᴺQ. alasta- “to be merry, rejoice”
  • Q. alassë “happiness, happiness, [ᴹQ.] joy, merriment”
  • ᴹQ. alasse “joy, merriment” ✧ Ety/GALÁS
  • ᴺQ. alasta- “to make happy, cheer (up)”
  • ᴹQ. alla “hail!” ✧ Ety/GALÁS; EtyAC/GAL(AS)
  • ᴺS. galtha- “to be glad”
  • ᴺS. glaich “merry, joyous, happy”
  • N. glass “joy, *happiness” ✧ Ety/BOR; Ety/GALÁS
  • ᴺS. glasta- “to make happy”


  • GALÁS ✧ Ety/BOR; Ety/GALÁS
  • GAL(AS) ✧ EtyAC/GAL(AS) (GAL(AS))
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/BOR; Ety/GALA; Ety/GALÁS; EtyAC/GAL(AS); EtyAC/LAR] Group: Eldamo. Published by