Sindarin 


verb. to call, *name

A verb appearing in a future-passive form estathar “should be called” in the King’s Letter from the early 1950s. It also appeared (unglossed) as a present-passive estar “✱is called” in the Túrin Wrapper from the 1950s. Its gloss “be called” is because it is being used with passive voice; in active voice it would be “to call” or (more accurately) “✱to name”, as with its Quenya cognate ᴹQ. esta- “to name” (Ety/ES).

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s Tolkien gave G. enu- or enwa- “am called, am named” (GL/32), clearly derived from the early root ᴱ√ENE having to do with names (QL/35). A few lines below he wrote but deleted {en(1) “am called”}.


  • ᴹQ. esta- “to name”


  • ᴹ√ES “indicate, name”

Element in

Sindarin [AotM/062; SD/129; VT50/13] Group: Eldamo. Published by