Eldacar masc. name, *"Elfhelm". Compare carma "helmet". (Appendix A)
masculine name. Elfhelm
Conceptual Development: In the draft versions of The Lord of the Rings, ᴹQ. Eldakar was considered as a name for Aragorn’s father, where it was glossed “Elfhelm” (TI/366). An even earlier precursor of the name appears in The Etymologies: ᴹQ. Eldahar, where the second element is derived from the root ᴹ√KHAR “helmet” (EtyAC/KHAR).
- ✶Eldăkāzā ✧ PE17/114
Word Gloss Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” carma “helm”
Development Stages Sources ✶Eldă-kāzā > Eldă-kār(ă) > Eldacar [Eldakāsā] > [Eldakāzā] > [Eldakāza] > [Eldakaz] > [Eldakar] ✧ PE17/114
- Eldakar ✧ PMI/Eldakar
Hallacar masc. name, apparently "tall helmet": halla + car (cf. Eldacar for the latter element) (UT:210)
carma (2) noun "helm" (helmet) in Carma-cundo ("k") "Helm-guardian" (PM:260). Notice that in PE17:114, Tolkien indicated that he rather wanted carma to mean "tool" or "weapon", leaving the status of carma "helmet" uncertain. Possibly shortened to -car in the names Eldacar (Elfhelm?), Hallacar (Tall-helm?) Cf. also cassa in Etym.
Word Gloss cas “head, head, [ᴱQ.] top, summit”
Development Stages Sources ✶kāsā > -kar [-kasā] > [-kazā] > [-kaza] > [-kaz] > [-kar] ✧ PE17/114 ✶-kāsă > -kas [-kasa] > [-kas] ✧ PE17/114 ✶kasma > kazma > karma [kasma] > [kazma] > [karma] ✧ PE17/114
- karma ✧ PE17/114
- Karma ✧ PM/260