Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Primitive Elvish


root. *iron, steel


  • ‘EÐE ✧ QL/105
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/105] Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. *iron

This root appeared in two different forms in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s: as ᴱ√DYEÐE = ‘EÐE equivalent of ᴱQ. anga “iron” (QL/105), and as ERE(N) “iron or steel” = ᴱ√YEREN (QL/36). In the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon Tolkien had related forms G. ger “ore, metal” and G. geth “ore of metals (esp. raw iron)” (GL/38); the second of these was deleted, which probably means Tolkien selected ᴱ√YEREN over ᴱ√DYEÐE. In any cases, none of these forms appear in later writings, where Tolkien largely used √ANGA for “iron”.


  • Eq. yere(n) “pig iron” ✧ QL/105
  • G. ger “ore, metal” ✧ GL/38
  • G. geth “ore of metals (esp. raw iron)” ✧ GL/38


  • yĕrĕ(n) ✧ GL/38
  • YEREN ✧ QL/036
  • DYEÐE ✧ QL/105
Early Primitive Elvish [GL/38; QL/036; QL/105] Group: Eldamo. Published by